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Unit 1: Zero conditional. Future: using 'will' and 'going to

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Alex Castro

on 7 March 2014

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Transcript of Unit 1: Zero conditional. Future: using 'will' and 'going to

ZERO CONDITIONAL
ZERO CONDITIONAL
'GOING TO' OR 'WILL'
'GOING TO' OR 'WILL'
'GOING TO' OR 'WILL'
ZERO CONDITIONAL
At the moment of making a decision, use 'will'. Once you have made the decision, talk about it using 'going to'.

I'll call Jenny to let her know. Sarah, I need Jenny's number. I'm going to call her about the meeting.
I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. Harry, I'm going to have a drink with Simon.
If we are not so certain about the future, we use 'will' with expressions such as 'probably', 'possibly', 'I think', 'I hope'.

I hope you'll visit me in my home one day.
She'll probably be a great success.
I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time.
I think we'll get on well.
When we want to talk about future facts or things we believe to be true about the future, we use 'will'.

The President will serve for four years.
The boss won't be very happy.
I'm sure you'll like her.
I'm certain he'll do a good job.
Notice that 'unless' means the same as 'if not'.

Unless he asks you politely, refuse to do any more work on the project.
Unless prices are rising, it's not a good investment.
Unless you've been there yourself, you don't really understand how fantastic it is.
Note that we are not talking about a specific event but something which is generally true.

In the condition clause, we can use a variety of present forms. In the result clause, there can only be the present simple or imperative.
When we talk about things that are generally or always true, we can use:

If/When/Unless plus a present form PLUS present simple or imperative
Zero conditional.
Future: 'will' and 'going to'.

If he gets there before me, ask him to wait.
When you fly budget airline, you have to pay for your drinks and snacks.
Unless you need more space, a small car is big enough for one person.
ZERO CONDITIONAL
If you visit London, go on the London Eye.
If unemployment is rising, people tend to stay in their present jobs.
If you've done that, go and have a coffee.
When you go on holiday, take plenty of sun cream. It'll be very hot.
When I'm concentrating, please don't make so much noise.
When I've finished an article, I always ask Kate to read it through.
ZERO CONDITIONAL
If you are making a future prediction based on evidence in the present situation, use 'going to'.

Not a cloud in the sky. It's going to be another warm day
The traffic is terrible. We're going to miss our flight.
Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee.
'GOING TO' OR 'WILL'
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