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4th grade How Are Living Things Adapted to Their Environment?

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christine pearsall

on 6 June 2016

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Transcript of 4th grade How Are Living Things Adapted to Their Environment?

How Are Living
Things Adapted to their Environment?
Learning target:
Language target:
I can identify and explain the different ways livings things adapt to their environment.
environment
The environment is all of the living and non-living things in an area.
environment
characteristic
characteristic
A characteristic is special quality or trait that makes a
person, thing, or group different from others.
vertebrates
have wings
lay eggs
have a light
weight skeleton

live in water.
vertebrates.
breathe using gills.
are cold-blooded. ...
some have scales.
characteristics of birds...
characteristics of fish
characteristics of mammals
Una característica es una calidad especial que hace que una persona,
cosa o grupo diferente de los demás .
(El medio ambiente es de todos los seres vivos y no vivos en un área)
adaptation
adaptation
Una adaptación es la manera que el cuerpo de un animal
ayuda al animal sobrevivir en su ambiente.
In writing and an oral discussion, I can explain how living things adapt to their environment.
physical adaptation
physical adaptation
Physical adaptations are the physical characteristics of an animal
that help it to survive in its environment.
.
is an activity or action the organism does (usually instinctual) that helps it survive.


Physical or behavioral adaptation?
Think Like a Scientist:
What are some ways that camouflage can help animals hide from predators or catch prey?
Behavioral Adaptation
Behavioral Adaptation
Behavioral adaptations are the things organisms
DO
to survive.


An adaptation is a way an animal's body helps it survive in its environment.
camouflage
Penguins adapt to the freezing weather
in the antarctic by making a huddle.
The penguins in the inside stay the warmest, but penguins take turns so everyone survives the cold.
Behavioral
Adaptation
Camouflage is a physical adaptation.
It helps an animal to appear to blend with its surroundings.
Camouflage is used by prey to help hide from predators and it is used by predators to help them conceal themselves as they stalk their prey).
mimicry
Mimicry happens in animal, insect and plant species. The mimic is the species which looks like the model.
Mimicry is when animals or insects look like other dangerous, bad tasting or poisonous animals or insects. They pretend to be what they are not.
Chemical defense
Some animals, like skunks
and octupuses use chemicals they
make in their bodies to
protect themselves.
The penguins changed how they act so they could survive.
THAT'S BEHAVIORAL ADAPTATION!
migration
Migration is the movement of groups of animals (especially birds or fishes) from one region to another for feeding or breeding.
Migration is usually a response to changes in temperature, food supply, or the amount of daylight.
http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/wildebeest_migration
hibernation
Hibernation is a deep sleep that helps animals to save energy and survive the winter without eating much.

Behavioral adaptations are the changes in the way animals
ACT
.
Some hibernators go into such a deep sleep that it is almost impossible to wake them, and they appear to be dead.
http://www.bbc.co.uk/nature/adaptations
The way an animal's body looks and functions so it can survive in its' habitat
special beaks
webbed feet
Webbed feet help animals swim.
A bird's beak (and feet) is shaped according to what it eats.
fur
An animal's fur helps it hide from predators and prey.
scales
Scales help animals adapt to their environment by protecting an animal's skin from harsh conditions such as hot, desert climates.
claws
instinct
instinct
An instinct is a behavior an animal exhibits
automatically,
without thinking.
Instinct is hereditary, it is passed on from the parents so baby animals know how to hatch out of an egg, or get food from their parents.

Without instinct many animals would not survive.

Many animals rely on their instincts to sense approaching danger, or when searching for a mate.
http://schoolmediainteractive.com/view/object/clip/F8583B4F33BC26EEBD7FE41BB739DA04/03
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