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Autonomous Cars

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robert novak

on 11 December 2014

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Transcript of Autonomous Cars

Forward Collision Warning and Braking. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.tc.gc.ca/eng/motorvehiclesafety/
safevehicles-1183.htm

http://www.theverge.com/2014/5/14/5716468/i-took-a-ride-in-a-self-driving-car
Technology of autonomous cars
By Adam Mlynarek
Robert Novak
Alec Tayloe
Jeff Wen

“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic” (Clarke, 1962).
Are Consumers Ready?
A large barrier to entry
Surveys show distrust of autonomous systems
Companies will cater to consumers
Pricing
Costs:
$80,000 LiDAR system
$200,000 GPS Array
$10,000 sensor & monitor system

Cheaper optic sensor may replace LiDAR
Technology becomes cheaper over time
Legislation
Laws to test an autonomous car
Safety
These laws will set a precedent
At least 10,000 miles driven by vehicle
Show competence in different environments
Show competence in different situations
Passenger must be present in car
New Radar Sensors
Sensors take information from their environment

Keeps safe distance from other cars

Can detect pedestrians

Detects appropriate speed to travel at

(Road, 2014, para. 15, 17)
More expensive than a Ferrari 599
Traffic Predicting Algorithms
Allows autonomous cars to navigate themselves

Drive faster and safer on highways

Predict highly condensed traffic patterns
(Gorhring et al., 2014, p.1)
LiDAR
Most important sensor
Lasers scan surroundings 20,000 times per second
Builds a 3D map of its surroundings
Allows for sign recognition
Allows for better navigation (GPS)
Provides high-res pictures of its surroundings
Companies of Autonomous Cars
Google
Google has been leading the charge for the progress of inventing autonomous cars.
Street-View-Image Database
Google Map
Human errors cause most crashes
At least 40% can be eliminated

Work Collaboratively with the new sensing system and unique GPS technology
Radar sensors

Traffic predicting algorithms

LiDAR
Provide the autonomous car surrounding environment images
Mercedes-Benz
Technology that promotes safety includes:
(Fagnant & Kockleman, 2013, p. 3)
Main goal:
Levels of autonomy
Dictates human input for operating vehicle
Additional features reduce the drivers control
Four different levels
Semi Autonomous
Level zero, one, two, and three
Fully Autonomous
Level four


Focus autonomous cars in United States
Traffic Laws
Different Weather Condition
Semi-autonomous cars

Level Zero:
No autonomous features
The driver is in sole control of the vehicle

Level One:
Automated steering
Automated breaking

Level Two:
Cruise control with no feet on the pedals

Level Three:
Full control of all safety features

BMW
Fully autonomous cars
Adapt the international environment
Level 4:
Must operate with no flaws
Manipulate and perform operated functions
Computer system does not relay on driver

Security Cautions
Potential hijackers may disrupt the system

Firewalls or manual override systems

Impossible to program all obstacles

System only preforms programmed tasks
Already tested their product in Europe
Conduct experiments in China
Multi-level highways in China can be challenging
urlhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cdgQpa1pUUE(for the video)
Main goal
International Settings
Maximum safety and comfort
Can minimize rush hours
Provide drivers the safest condition
Can apply breaks when necessary
(Naughton 2014, para. 8).
References
Behind The Wheel: A Look Inside Google Self-Driving Cars. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://theultimategamer.com/technewspost/behind-the
wheel-a-look-inside-googles-self-driving-cars/
(Behind the wheel, n.d.)
(Forward, n.d.)
(Miel, 2014, para. 17)
(How, 2014, para. 8)
(Ferrari, n.d.)
(Tannert, 2014, para. 3)
(Sparks, 2014)
(Autonomous, 2013, p. 3, 4)
(Drevitch 2013, Para. 1)

(Gorhring et al., 2014, para.1)
(Vijayventhiran , 2014, para. 3)
(Vijayventhiran, 2014, para. 2)
(NHTSA, 2014, pg. 4)
(NHTSA, 2014, pg. 4)
(NHTSA, 2014, pg. 5)
(Laird, 2011, pg.1).

Arthur C. Clarke quote. (n.d.). Retrieved November 25, 2014, from
http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/a/arthurccl101182.html

Autonomous Vehicle Testing License. (2013, December 1). DMV. Retrieved from
http://www.dmvnv.com/pdfforms/obl326.pdf.

Bloomberg, A. (2014, September 4). Autonomous car era brings risk of hijacking by
hackers. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.autonews.com/article/20140904/OEM06/309049953/autonomous-car-era-brings-risk-of-hijacking-by-hackers.

Brustein, J. (2013, May 23) Nice Self-Driving Car. But How Much Does It Cost?
Businessweek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-05-23/nice-self-driving-car-dot-but-how-much-does-it-cost.


Electronic Stability Control. (2011). Automotive Safety Council. Retrieved from
http://www.aorc.org/esc.asp.

Fagnant, D. & Kockleman. K. M. (2013). Preparing the nation for autonomous vehicles:
opportunities, barriers, and policy recommendations. Enotrans. Retrieved from https://www.enotrans.org/preparing-a-nation-for-autonomous-vehicles-opportunities-barriers-and-policy-recommendations.


Fitchard, K. (2012). Ford is ready for the autonomous car: are drivers? Gigaom.
Retrieved from https://gigaom.com/2012/04/09/ford-is-ready-for-the-autonomous-car-are-drivers.




Gohring, D., Rojas, R., Spangenberg, R., Wang, M., Heinrich, S. S., & Adfeldt, S (2014).
Autonomous cars in berlin. Retrieved from http://autonomos.inf.fu- berlin.de/ How do Google's self-driving cars work? (2014, August 5). PC PRO Retrieved from http://www.pcpro.co.uk/features/390085/how-do-googles-self-driving-cars-work.


References
Lliaifar, A. (2013, February 6). LIDAR, lasers, and logic: Anatomy of an autonomous
vehicle. Retrieved November 18, 2014, from http://www.digitaltrends.com/cars/lidar-lasers-and-beefed-up-computers-the-intricate-anatomy-of-an-autonomous-vehicle/.

Markoff J. (27 May, 2014) Google’s Next Phrase In Driverless Cars: No Steering Wheel
Or Brake Pedals, New York Times, Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/28/technology/googles-next-phase-in-driverless-cars-no-brakes-or-steering-wheel.html?_r=0.
Miel, R. (Jan. 2014) Autonomous car sensors getting smaller. Business Insight
Essentials. Retrieved from http://www.plasticsnews.com/article/20140121/NEWS/140129982/sensors-for-self-driving-cars-are-getting-smaller

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2013). Preliminary Statement of Policy
Concerning Automated Vehicles [Data File]. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/Automated_Vehicles_Policy.pdf.


Naughton, N. (2014, July 28). Many drivers are ready for autonomous cars, survey
says. Retrieved from http://www.autonews.com/article/20140728/OEM06/140729862/many-drivers-are-ready-for-autonomous-cars-survey-says.

Simonite, T. (2013, October 1). Google: Our Robot Cars Are Better Drivers Than Puny
Humans | MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from http://www.technologyreview.com/news/520746/data-shows-googles-robot-cars-are-smoother-safer-drivers-than-you-or-i/.

Soresen, P., Anderson J. M., Karla, N., Stanley, K. D., & Samaras, C., (c.2014).
Autonomous vehicle technology. Rand Corporation. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR443-1.html.






2008 Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.boldride.com/ride/2008f
errari-599-gtb-fiorano
References
Tannert, C. (2014, July 31). Fast Company Will You Ever Be Able To Afford A
Self-Driving Car? Retrieved from http://www.fastcompany.com/3025722/will-you-ever-be-able-to-afford-a-self-driving-car.

Vanderbilt, T. (2012). Let the robot drive: the autonomous car of the future is here.
Wired. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/2012/01/ff_autonomouscars/all/.

Vijayventhiran V. (29 September, 2014) BMW To Test Autonomous Cars In China,
Motor Authority. Retrieved from: http://www.motorauthority.com/news/1094670_bmw-to-test-autonomous-cars-in-china.

Vijayventhiran V. (19 September, 2014), Mercedes Is Latest To Receive California’s
Autonomous Car License, Motor Authortity. Retrieved from: http://www.motorauthority.com/news/1094510_mercedes-is-latest-to-receive-californias-autonomous-car-license.

Sparks, M. (2014, September 12). How Google passed its driving test - just. Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/google/11091787/How-Google-passed-its-driving-test-just.html
The great science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke once stated, “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic” (Clarke, 1962).
Thanks For Watching
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