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Transcript of Autonomous Cars
Technology of autonomous cars
By Adam Mlynarek
“Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic” (Clarke, 1962).
Are Consumers Ready?
A large barrier to entry
Surveys show distrust of autonomous systems
Companies will cater to consumers
$80,000 LiDAR system
$200,000 GPS Array
$10,000 sensor & monitor system
Cheaper optic sensor may replace LiDAR
Technology becomes cheaper over time
Laws to test an autonomous car
These laws will set a precedent
At least 10,000 miles driven by vehicle
Show competence in different environments
Show competence in different situations
Passenger must be present in car
New Radar Sensors
Sensors take information from their environment
Keeps safe distance from other cars
Can detect pedestrians
Detects appropriate speed to travel at
(Road, 2014, para. 15, 17)
More expensive than a Ferrari 599
Traffic Predicting Algorithms
Allows autonomous cars to navigate themselves
Drive faster and safer on highways
Predict highly condensed traffic patterns
(Gorhring et al., 2014, p.1)
Most important sensor
Lasers scan surroundings 20,000 times per second
Builds a 3D map of its surroundings
Allows for sign recognition
Allows for better navigation (GPS)
Provides high-res pictures of its surroundings
Companies of Autonomous Cars
Google has been leading the charge for the progress of inventing autonomous cars.
Human errors cause most crashes
At least 40% can be eliminated
Work Collaboratively with the new sensing system and unique GPS technology
Traffic predicting algorithms
Provide the autonomous car surrounding environment images
Technology that promotes safety includes:
(Fagnant & Kockleman, 2013, p. 3)
Levels of autonomy
Dictates human input for operating vehicle
Additional features reduce the drivers control
Four different levels
Level zero, one, two, and three
Focus autonomous cars in United States
Different Weather Condition
No autonomous features
The driver is in sole control of the vehicle
Cruise control with no feet on the pedals
Full control of all safety features
Fully autonomous cars
Adapt the international environment
Must operate with no flaws
Manipulate and perform operated functions
Computer system does not relay on driver
Potential hijackers may disrupt the system
Firewalls or manual override systems
Impossible to program all obstacles
System only preforms programmed tasks
Already tested their product in Europe
Conduct experiments in China
Multi-level highways in China can be challenging
urlhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cdgQpa1pUUE(for the video)
Maximum safety and comfort
Can minimize rush hours
Provide drivers the safest condition
Can apply breaks when necessary
(Naughton 2014, para. 8).
Behind The Wheel: A Look Inside Google Self-Driving Cars. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://theultimategamer.com/technewspost/behind-the
(Behind the wheel, n.d.)
(Miel, 2014, para. 17)
(How, 2014, para. 8)
(Tannert, 2014, para. 3)
(Autonomous, 2013, p. 3, 4)
(Drevitch 2013, Para. 1)
(Gorhring et al., 2014, para.1)
(Vijayventhiran , 2014, para. 3)
(Vijayventhiran, 2014, para. 2)
(NHTSA, 2014, pg. 4)
(NHTSA, 2014, pg. 4)
(NHTSA, 2014, pg. 5)
(Laird, 2011, pg.1).
Arthur C. Clarke quote. (n.d.). Retrieved November 25, 2014, from
Autonomous Vehicle Testing License. (2013, December 1). DMV. Retrieved from
Bloomberg, A. (2014, September 4). Autonomous car era brings risk of hijacking by
hackers. Retrieved November 19, 2014, from http://www.autonews.com/article/20140904/OEM06/309049953/autonomous-car-era-brings-risk-of-hijacking-by-hackers.
Brustein, J. (2013, May 23) Nice Self-Driving Car. But How Much Does It Cost?
Businessweek. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/articles/2013-05-23/nice-self-driving-car-dot-but-how-much-does-it-cost.
Electronic Stability Control. (2011). Automotive Safety Council. Retrieved from
Fagnant, D. & Kockleman. K. M. (2013). Preparing the nation for autonomous vehicles:
opportunities, barriers, and policy recommendations. Enotrans. Retrieved from https://www.enotrans.org/preparing-a-nation-for-autonomous-vehicles-opportunities-barriers-and-policy-recommendations.
Fitchard, K. (2012). Ford is ready for the autonomous car: are drivers? Gigaom.
Retrieved from https://gigaom.com/2012/04/09/ford-is-ready-for-the-autonomous-car-are-drivers.
Gohring, D., Rojas, R., Spangenberg, R., Wang, M., Heinrich, S. S., & Adfeldt, S (2014).
Autonomous cars in berlin. Retrieved from http://autonomos.inf.fu- berlin.de/ How do Google's self-driving cars work? (2014, August 5). PC PRO Retrieved from http://www.pcpro.co.uk/features/390085/how-do-googles-self-driving-cars-work.
Lliaifar, A. (2013, February 6). LIDAR, lasers, and logic: Anatomy of an autonomous
vehicle. Retrieved November 18, 2014, from http://www.digitaltrends.com/cars/lidar-lasers-and-beefed-up-computers-the-intricate-anatomy-of-an-autonomous-vehicle/.
Markoff J. (27 May, 2014) Google’s Next Phrase In Driverless Cars: No Steering Wheel
Or Brake Pedals, New York Times, Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/28/technology/googles-next-phase-in-driverless-cars-no-brakes-or-steering-wheel.html?_r=0.
Miel, R. (Jan. 2014) Autonomous car sensors getting smaller. Business Insight
Essentials. Retrieved from http://www.plasticsnews.com/article/20140121/NEWS/140129982/sensors-for-self-driving-cars-are-getting-smaller
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. (2013). Preliminary Statement of Policy
Concerning Automated Vehicles [Data File]. Retrieved from http://www.nhtsa.gov/staticfiles/rulemaking/pdf/Automated_Vehicles_Policy.pdf.
Naughton, N. (2014, July 28). Many drivers are ready for autonomous cars, survey
says. Retrieved from http://www.autonews.com/article/20140728/OEM06/140729862/many-drivers-are-ready-for-autonomous-cars-survey-says.
Simonite, T. (2013, October 1). Google: Our Robot Cars Are Better Drivers Than Puny
Humans | MIT Technology Review. Retrieved from http://www.technologyreview.com/news/520746/data-shows-googles-robot-cars-are-smoother-safer-drivers-than-you-or-i/.
Soresen, P., Anderson J. M., Karla, N., Stanley, K. D., & Samaras, C., (c.2014).
Autonomous vehicle technology. Rand Corporation. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/pubs/research_reports/RR443-1.html.
2008 Ferrari 599 GTB Fiorano. (n.d.). Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.boldride.com/ride/2008f
Tannert, C. (2014, July 31). Fast Company Will You Ever Be Able To Afford A
Self-Driving Car? Retrieved from http://www.fastcompany.com/3025722/will-you-ever-be-able-to-afford-a-self-driving-car.
Vanderbilt, T. (2012). Let the robot drive: the autonomous car of the future is here.
Wired. Retrieved from http://www.wired.com/2012/01/ff_autonomouscars/all/.
Vijayventhiran V. (29 September, 2014) BMW To Test Autonomous Cars In China,
Motor Authority. Retrieved from: http://www.motorauthority.com/news/1094670_bmw-to-test-autonomous-cars-in-china.
Vijayventhiran V. (19 September, 2014), Mercedes Is Latest To Receive California’s
Autonomous Car License, Motor Authortity. Retrieved from: http://www.motorauthority.com/news/1094510_mercedes-is-latest-to-receive-californias-autonomous-car-license.
Sparks, M. (2014, September 12). How Google passed its driving test - just. Retrieved December 10, 2014, from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/technology/google/11091787/How-Google-passed-its-driving-test-just.html
The great science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke once stated, “Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic” (Clarke, 1962).
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