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The French Revolution

By: Jessica Avila and Nishtha Asija

Jessica Avila

on 25 October 2013

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Transcript of The French Revolution

The French Revolution
By: Jessica Avila and Nishtha Asija
The Slogan
Robespierre's Beliefs
Our Opinion
The slogan of the French Revolution was "
egalite, fraternite
." The French chose this slogan
based on ideas of the Enlightenment and were
influenced by it.
Robespierre was the
leader of the Revolution
. He was a radical and a democrat,
defending the principle
the "rights of man" should
extend to all men. Being a
lawyer and politician, he
was able to
to leadership

He was given the
nickname "
the incorruptible
At the
beginning of the Revolution
Robespierre strongly believed that France's government needed to change. He was
against monarchy
and believed in
a government
ruled by the people.
According to historians, the French Revolution is considered one of the
most important
events in modern western societies. This is mainly because it made an impact
around the world
, affecting the lives of the French people as well as those from
countries. It influenced many governments to
change from an absolute monarchy to a
or democracy.
Another influence was the American Revolution. France saw how the Americans won their independence and wanted to do the same.
Causes . . .
The Three Estates
1. Clergy
2. Nobles
3. Peasants
While the
people of
France were
, their
unfit King, Louis XVI, had
life of luxury
. He didn't
know or care about
The majority of the population
was peasants (97%).
The Weather
1) Heavy rains led to
bad harvests
2) The mini ice-age created a severe
of food.
The Debt
The third estate is burdened with taxes and have no privileges.
France was deeply indebted, so deeply as to be effectively
The Outside

Louis' wife and queen of France, Marie Antoinette, was seen as an
. She was born in Austria to a royal family and their marriage was meant to bring peace. The people of France
did not care for her; however,
because her fondness for clothing and jewelries gave her the
of being an insensitive queen. Thus she earned the nickname
Madame Deficit
Extreme Taxation
of The Third Estate
The third estate was
about their high taxes. The price of
bread, their main food supply,
they became
very angry
. The price of
bread cost a month's earning.
Maximilien Robespierre
Robespierre studied law at
the University of Paris. He
was so
he was chosen to
a speech to King Louis
on his coronation.
Meeting the King
This was how Robespierre
first met
King Louis. It was not a memorable experience though, for the King
Robespierre and was
not interested in him or his speech
at all. Little did he know that Robespierre would be the one to
start the Revolution
years later.
He was against....
- Death Penalty
- Torture
- Slavery
- Power of the Catholic Church
- Social Class Divisions
The Guillotine
The guillotine was invented by Dr. Guillotin. This
new type of
is supposed to be the
great equalizer. Another name of this punishment
The National Razor
. In the beginning of the French Revolution, Robespierre
was against
the guillotine.
How did Robespierre's beliefs change?
After the
of the King, Robespierre changed his mind toward the death penalty. He believed the death penalty was a
good way to punish
those who were against the revolution. He also believed
terror was necessary
to achieve the goals of the revolution.
The king must die so that the country can live
To punish the oppressors of humanity is clemency; to forgive them is cruelty
Robespierre's famous quotes
The reign of terror is the
second phase
of the French Revolution. It began in 1793.
Process of De-Christianization
- Street names were changed.
- There was a new calendar in which there were 3
weeks of 10 days, without Sundays.
- The first year in the calendar was the year of the revolution.
- Non-religious holidays were created.
- Jean-Paul Marat became the new saint.
- Christian Saints' statutes were destroyed.
- Thousands of priests were killed.
The Reign Of Terror
The End of The Revolution
The French Revolution ended with Maximilien Robespierre's death and military hero
Napoleon Bonaparte
crowning himself Emperor of France. The country had been in
complete chaos
for 5 years,
any form of government.
Napoleon crowned himself emperor instead of the Pope. He wanted this to be symbolic of owing the throne to no one but himself.
During this phase, Robespierre became a
radical revolutionary
who killed everyone who did not follow his rules. In this time period, the radicals
the newly written constitution.
Inspired Revolutions
The French Revolution inspired many countries to
start their own
revolutions. Grievances had been piling up for years, and this was just the inspiration
. Middle class liberals wanted
more political power
, workers wanted
from harsh work due to the Industrial Revolution, and nationalists wanted to
throw off
all foreign rule.
These countries included:
Austria, Italy, Germany,
Haiti, and other countries from Central America, including Mexico.
Robespierre became a tyrant because he wanted to have
personal power
He basically wanted everything to go his way. The main reason behind his terror was to establish a "
republic of virtue
" which he defines as a prompt, severe and inflexible justice. He wanted to embrace the idea of general will as the source of all
law. He disagreed with everyone who had a different opinion. Robespierre
ceased to be a leader
and instead became a tyrant.
The Great Terror
The Great Terror was the

of the French Revolution. It began in 1794.
During this phase, Robespierre
the constitution that
had written.

This phase ends with the
death of Robespierre
, the "incorruptible". He was executed by the guillotine.

Consequences of the
French Revolution
#1) For the first time in history, government was
set up by the people.
#2) Monarchy was demolished in France.
#3) Power of the Catholic Church was dramatically
#4) Revolutions around the world were set up.
Changing Lives
-New governments
-New economies
-Putting the Church under control
-No more social classes
-Religious toleration
New Ideas
The French Revolution made people
being ruled by an absolute
monarchy. They wanted
. If it
weren't for the Revolution, many countries
still be ruled by absolute monarchies

today. Since the French Revolution questioned
the authority of monarchs, nations would
their point of view. This brought the
idea of
new political forces
, such as
democracy. People across the world
their opinion on
government thanks to the
French Revolution.
The French Revolution
the lives of many people.
Not only
those who lived in France or fought in the Revolution, though. New ideas and changes were being made
all around the world
Jean-Paul Marat
Jean-Paul Marat was the
of a
new newspaper
, called "L'ami du peuple (The friend of people)." He was one of the
most extreme
voices of the French Revolution. His newspaper carried his message
throughout France
This newspaper will play an
important role
in the
outcome of the French Revolution. It will
people's actions.
Jean-Paul Marat was accusing many citizens of treason in his newspaper. His writings
enraged many people
including a woman called Charlotte Corday. Later, Charlotte
Marat at his house. Her goal was to
the aimless death of accused citizens. However
the reaction was not
what she expected. People became
that she had killed
an influential writer. Marat then
became a
Full transcript