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MODALS

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by

simon friend

on 9 November 2014

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Transcript of MODALS

MODALS
How are Simon’s rules different to other teachers you have had?

What are you allowed to do? What aren’t you allowed to do?


REMBER:
Can is also used for ABILITY:
LOOK at the difference:

PERMISSION:
He cant use his phone in class.

ABILITY:
He cant play basketball very well.




ANSWERS:
Sure
No worries
No problem
Go ahead
OK


Can
”, “
be allowed
” and “
may
” all mean that you “
Have permission
” Can is more informal and usually used in spoken English:

“You can park there”
“You’re allowed to park there”
“You may park there”
(its permitted)

“You can’t park there”
“You aren’t allowed to park there”
“You may not park there”

negatives

Can, may, be allowed

Modals of permission

___ the secretary ___ use a computer?
Do / have to 
Does / have to 
Do / has to 
Does / has to


...and he/she ___ file reports every week.
have to 
has to 
don't have to 
doesn't have to


No, he/she ___ go to work on saturdays.
have to 
has to 
don't have to 
doesn't have to


___ the secretary ___ work Saturdays?
Do / have to 
Does / have to 
Do / has to 
Does / has to


Look at some magazines – use should to comment on the celebs!

Write down some recommendations about GOLDCOAST for your friend who will visit soon.
Write two sentences for each question - with your partner
What should they do? (good)
What must they do? (really good)
What shouldn’t they do? (bad idea)
What can’t they do? (impossible)
What can they do? (possible)
What do they have to do? (necessary)

7
(Parent to child) "You ... go to bed now.”
Must
have to


You ... get up and let that old lady have your seat. That's the decent
thing to do, don't you think so ?
Must
have to
Should

- "Languages ?"
- "Yes, that's certainly one thing a secretary ... be good at.”
Must
has to



Simon’s fallen in love with a girl from every country – split into nationality groups an d create advise for him for when he meets the parents!

SIMON - Use MODALS PDF, 1st page and then taboo readings (for should)
+should folder

Yes, He or she ___ use a computer.
have to 
has to 
don't have to 
doesn't have to
 
 
 


The secretary also ___ answer the company's phones....
have to 
has to 
don't have to 
doesn't have to


A secretary ___  be a woman. The secretary can be a man.
have to 
has to 
don't have to 
doesn't have to


The secretary ___ know how to type.
have to 
has to 
don't have to 
doesn't have to


choose the correct words below.


Your friend is going drinking with some AUSSIE’S – Tell them about Australian drinking etiquette.
Write two sentences for each question - with your partner
What should they do? (good)
What must they do? (really good)
What shouldn’t they do? (bad idea)
What can’t they do? (impossible)
What can they do? (possible)
What do they have to do? (necessary)


WAKE IN FRIGHT

You ... come and see me when you're in London.
Must
have to

If you want a good seat you ... book in advance.
Must
have to



You must do your homework. You must wipe your feet before you enter.
MUST : obligation is imposed by the speaker. The speaker has authority over the one that is spoken to and he/she exercises his/her power.

 

must

You should try to cut down on smoking.
You should keep in mind that you're dealing with customers, John.
SHOULD is used to give advice. No obligation here, rather a recommendation from the speaker
 


should

“You mustn’t drink and drive”
“You don’t have to iron those shirts, they’re going to get crumpled in my suitcase anyway”
“You mustn’t stay in the sun too long – its really hot”
“We don’t have to stay long at the party – just see if you like it, and if you’re bored we can go”

Negatives



“You mustn’t talk to Edison”
“You don’t have to talk to Edison”



Negatives



“I’ve gotta go”
“I’ve gotta take a piss”
“She’s gotta apologies to her boyfriend or else he’ll dump her”

Have got to

Must is also associated with formal documents and instructions:

“You must not speak in the library”
(on a sign)
“You must answer all questions”
(instructions on a test paper)


MUST
--- other common uses

Have to, must and should

Modals of obligation
  
Help Wanted: Secretary. No
experience necessary.
Must type 50 words per minute.
Work Monday-Friday, weekends off.
Answer phones, use computer,
file reports.
choose the correct words below.

Read the advertisement

Three people make a knot. By holding hands in a circle and getting twisted up.
Then the class uses the vocab to tell them what to do.
Now do the whole class (outside?)

CLASS KNOT

Applicants often .... complete an application form before they have a job interview.
must
have to

"You ... collect your boarding pass from our desk in the departure hall."
must
have to


questions
You have to pass your exams if you want to succeed.
In England you have to drive on the left.
HAVE TO: obligation springs from circumstances or external rules. Something has to be done, whether the speaker likes it or not – not my rule (must is my rule)

Have to

“Mustn't” means you are
not allowed
to do something

“You mustn’t eat that cake – its Melissa’s”

Don’t have to means its
not necessary
– you don’t have to if you don’t want to – the speaker is reminding you that you have a
choice

“You don’t have to eat that cake, we can eat it tomorrow”

Negatives
“I have to be home by 3am”
“I must be home by 3am”
Interchangeable

“Have to” expresses obligation from an external source – such as a rule or appointment:

“I have to go, I’m meeting Elis at Vanity”
(appointment)
“I have to go, we’re not allowed in the school after 5pm”
(rule)

HAVE TO

“Should” and “ought to” are weaker versions of “must”. They are ways of saying that something is a good idea:

“You should get out of the sun, you’ll get burned”
“You should see Lady Gaga’s new music video – it’s crazy”
“You should come over sometime – we can play on my new Nintendo”

Should, ought to

Must can be used in questions but it is uncommon:

“Really mother, must I eat my carrots”

(This sounds like a rich British child)

MUST



“That's a movie you really must see”

MUST
-- Less common uses...
Must expresses obligation that involves the speakers opinion

“You must do your homework”
(Teachers opinion)

“I must get a haircut”
(My opinion – talking to myself)

MUST

ANSWERING:
CAN I take a leak?
CAN i go to the bathroom?
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2011/08/avalon-modal-verbs-may-permission-x-can.html
Avalon:
How are the laws in your country different to Australia.
What are you allowed to do? What aren’t you allowed to do?
http://tools.goldcoast.com.au/photo-gallery/photo_gallery_popup_preview.php?category_id=7175
Must is also used to refer to ourselves:
“I must go now”

Must is used to express a strong advice or invitation:
(have to) is better....
(Should) is more common...
NOT my choice / responsibility / fault... So good for excuses..
“Have got to” or “Have gotta” is an informal version of “have to”
When in doubt use “have to” – its MUCH more common
Sometimes we can use either “have to”, or “must
These sentences mean very different things!
Mustn’t
Don’t have to
OVERVIEW:
GIVE SOME ADVICE:
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2011/06/blindness-modal-for-ability-can.html
Modals of ability
can
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/search/label/modal%20verb%20for%20ability
Hotel translvania
Blindness
PRACTICE -- COMBINATIONS
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2008/09/assessing-can-be-allowed-to-cant-not.html
THE ISLAND
MODALS of possibility / deduction
Might / Could
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/search/label/modal%20verbs%20for%20possibility
HALL PASS
foot loose
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/search/label/modal%20verbs%20for%20possibility
cars
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/10/cars-modal-verbs-for-prohibition-cant.html
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/11/happening-modals-for-speculation-might.html
the happening
the myst
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/04/mist-modal-verbs-possibility.html
charlie & the
chocolate factory
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2012/12/charlie-and-chocolate-factory-modal.html
Past regrets
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/12/nick-norahs-infinite-playlist-should.html
nick and norah
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/2009/11/hitcher-modal-verb-should-advice.html
the hitcher
http://moviesegmentstoassessgrammargoals.blogspot.com.au/search/label/must
Julia and julie
PRIVATE PRACTICE
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/can/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/could/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/maymight/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/should/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/should2/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/musthaveto/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/shouldhave/menu.php
http://www.englishgrammarsecrets.com/willhavedone/menu.php
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/407.htmlhttp://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/407.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/407.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/398.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/528.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/528.html
http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/106.html
That could be a rat?
Listen... It might be a snake?
Stan lee's -- "super human'
What can he do?
Full transcript