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Transcript of ACHA Conference
Be A Leader
What is the Bystander
What is the Bystander Effect?
A phenomenon in which the greater number of people are present, the less likely people are going to help a person in distress.
So Why Don't People Help?
Helping is about 5 Separate Decisions
1. Notice the Event
2. Interpret the Event as a Problem
4. Know How to Help
5. Implement the Help
Step 2: Interpret the Event
as a Problem
If something is unclear – Investigate! (even if others appear unconcerned)
Be mindful of peer pressure and be prepared to ignore it
If you are in trouble, call for back-up!
Step 3: Assume Responsibility
Don’t assume someone else will help. Publicly state your intention to help. You can decide later if intervention is unnecessary.
Step 4: Know How to Help
Learn basic skills (direct or indirect) to help, depending on the situation.
A. Basic First Aid/CPR
B. Intentional Conversations
C. Conflict Resolution
Practice the skills when possible.
Step 5: Engage!
Implement the Help
If it is safe and you are willing to help, implement the most appropriate strategies and STEP UP!
Be the first!
Create agreed upon standards of behavior and expectations w/in your team/group
…. What are the costs of NOT intervening?
What can you do....
STEP-UP: Put it in Action
Be EMPOWERED, not a BYSTANDER!
“I” statements - focus on your feelings rather than criticizing the other person
- State your feelings, 2. Name the behavior, 3. State how you want the person to respond.
Example: “I feel ____ when you ____ . Please don’t do that anymore.
Silent Stare - remember, you don’t have to speak to communicate.
- Sometimes a disapproving look can be far more powerful than words.
Humor - reduces the tension of an intervention and makes it easier for the person to hear you.
- Do not undermine what you say with too much humor. Funny doesn’t mean unimportant.
Group Intervention - there is safety and power in numbers.
- Best used with someone who has a clear pattern of inappropriate behavior where many examples can be presented as evidence of his problem.
STEP-UP: Put it in Action
Be EMPOWERED, not a BYSTANDER!
Bring it Home - prevents someone from distancing herself from the impact of her actions.
Example: “I hope no one ever talks about you like that.”
- prevents someone from dehumanizing his targets.
Example: What if someone said your girlfriend deserved to be raped or called your mother a whore?”
We’re friends, right….? - re-frames the intervention as caring and non-critical.
Example: “Hey Chad…..as your friend I’ve gotta tell you that getting a girl drunk to have sex with her isn’t cool, and could get you in a lot of trouble.”
Distraction - snaps someone out of their “sexist comfort zone.”
Example: Ask a man harassing a woman on the street for directions or the time.
- allows a potential target to move away and/or to have other friends intervene.
Example: Spill your drink on the person or interrupt and start a conversation with the person.
"Top 5 Reasons Students Intervened"
1. It was the right thing to do.
2. I would want someone to help me in that situation.
3. Someone needed help.
4. People should look out for each other.
5. So the situation wouldn’t escalate.
“In the end we will remember not the words of our enemies but the silence of our friends”
-Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
90% of students stated a problem could be avoided with intervention
What can you do...
How can I start?
List 1 thing you
plan to continue doing
to be an active bystander
List 1 new thing you
plan to start doing
to be an active bystander
Be a Friend
Sent from Office of Civil Rights, U.S. Dept. of Education in 2011
Explains the requirements of Title IX pertaining to sexual harassment also cover sexual violence, and lays out the specific Title IX requirements applicable to sexual violence.
Dear Colleague Letter
ONE in FOUR women
ONE in EIGHT men
have been a victim of sexual violence.
90% of perpetrators were known to the victim
2/3 of women told someone—primarily a friend
Women aged 16-24 are 4x as likely to be raped than women at other ages
College students are most likely to be assaulted during the first few weeks of their 1st and 2nd year
A study done at UVA showed that 92.6% of perpetrators and 83.2% of victims had been using alcohol or other drugs
National College Statistics
Words or actions that demonstrate a knowing or voluntary willingness to engage in mutually-agreed upon sexual activity.
Consent cannot be gained by force (this includes coercion, intimidation, and threats)
Consent cannot be inferred from silence
Consent cannot be implied by attire or spending money on an individual
Consent to one type of sex act does not imply consent to another type of sex act
Once someone says “no,” “stop,” “I don’t want to do this,” all sexual activity must stop immediately
4-6% of men commit 90-95% of all sexual assaults.
Most men who do rape are serial offenders.
Sexual violence is not an “accident,” or caused by “circumstances.”
Able to identify vulnerability.
Scout, groom, increase vulnerability, isolate
The accused often minimize, underreport, or justify their behavior.
Have difficulty identifying with their victim and often show no, or little, compassion.
2005 David Lisak, Virginia Campus Safety Forum: Addressing Campus Sexual Assault and Violence Prevention on Campus 2011
Signs of Sexual Violence
Going out more/less
Changes in mood
Changes in classroom behavior/attendance
Changes in personal hygiene
Increased alcohol and/or drug use
Changes in sleep/wake patterns
Changes in peer groups or habits
Absence of appropriate affect/emotion
Sudden talk of transferring
Anger/acting out behavior
Reasons Victims Don't Report
Definition of Assault
Acceptance of Rape Myth
"Just want it to go away"
"Don't want to get them in trouble"
Tend to needs:
Medical Attention, safety, and support are important needs.
Being believed is the most important factor in recovery.
No more violence:
Threatening to harm 'the person who did this' will only make the victim feel afraid.
They need to know they are valued and important.
Let them get it all out before you talk. Avoid 'why' questions and suggestions.
They need to regain a feeling of control in their life. Accept their decisions even if you disagree. Ask before you touch.
Be aware of your limitations:
Be aware of your limitations. Recovery can be a long process. Utilize the resources on and off campus to support yourself and the victim.
We encourage students to report the incident to the Title IX Coordinator(s).
Talking with the Victim
Fisher, B.S., Cullen, F.T., Turner, M.G. (2000). The sexual victimization of
college women. Washington D.C.: U.S. Dept. of Justice RAINN.COM
What can you do to get your organization involved?
How Does this apply to me?
We want to engage our community to treat everyone with respect. We encourage every Spider to Step Up!
more information please visit: http://studentdevelopment.richmond.edu/bystander
What is Title IX?
The educational amendment of 1972 states:
"No person in the United States shall be excluded from participation in, be denied benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance."
Training for Faculty & Staff
Range of behaviors
Consent & Incapacitation
Who, How, What - should you report
Talking with the victim & accused
Sexual Misconduct Offenses
Non-consensual Sexual Intercourse
Non-consensual Sexual Contact
Consent and Alcohol or Drugs
The use of alcohol or drugs may affect a person’s ability to consent to sexual contact.
The consumption of alcohol or drugs may create a mental incapacity if the nature and degree of the intoxication goes beyond the stage of merely reduced inhibition and has reached a point where the victim does not understand the nature and consequences of the sexual act. In such case, the person cannot consent. A person may violate the sexual misconduct policy if he or she has sexual contact with someone he knows or should know the other person is mentally incapacitated or has reached the degree of intoxication described above.
A person who is passed out or unconscious as a result of the consumption of alcohol or drugs is physically helpless and is not able to consent.
Take Back the Night
It Ends Now
White Ribbon Campaign
"How to Help Survivor " cards
Love 'n Liquor
Title IX Training