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U.S. Capitol Building Virtual Tour

Tour of the Capitol Building in Washington, D.C.

Khary Fletcher

on 29 April 2011

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Transcript of U.S. Capitol Building Virtual Tour

U.S. Capitol Building Tour
Washington, D.C. East Capitol Street, NE and 1st Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002
Capitol Hill Navigating the Capital The history you will find here is priceless: There is the time during the Civil War that Isaac Bassett (who worked in the Senate Chamber) had to stop Federal soldiers from chopping Jefferson Davis’ desk to bits for being a traitor. Did you know that many senators have been carving their names in the desk drawers since the early 1900s? One inscription in the desk of South Carolina Senator Strom Thurmond noted that he “spoke 24 hrs. 18 mins. from this desk in 1957,” commemorating his record-breaking filibuster against the Civil Rights Act.

There is also the fun and famous “Candy Desk,” a tradition started in 1965 by Senator George Murphy of California as a service to his fellow senators. According to the site, the tradition has carried on: “In every Congress since that time a candy desk has been located in the back row of the Republican side, on the aisle and adjacent to the Chamber’s most heavily used entrance.”
On March 1, 1954, three Puerto Rican nationalists seated in the visitor's gallery overlooking the House Chamber drew pistols and fired off 30 rounds at the 243 members attending a debate on immigration. In the resulting bedlam Speaker Joseph Martin of Massachusetts hurriedly declared a recess and took cover behind the rostrum. Five of his fellow members were not so lucky and were wounded, although all survived their injuries. The assailants were subdued and eventually sent to prison. The walnut table used by the Republican leadership still bear the scars from the attack. Pres. Harding addressing Joint Session of Congress 04/11/1921 The following officials occupy floor seating in the House Chamber during the address:
Members and former Members of the House of Representatives
Members and former Members of the Senate
The President's Cabinet, save one secretary, and the Joint Chiefs of Staff
The Chief Justice of the United States and the Justices of the Supreme Court
Diplomatic Corps

Presidents used the room to sign legislation into law at the close of each session of Congress. This practice ended in 1933 with the passage of the 20th amendment, which established different ending dates for presidential and congressional terms of office. Although occasionally used by presidents, the room today is utilized primarily by senators for interviews and press conferences.

New to the Hill? National Mall...
This is as far as I made it!!! Same as my wallpaper
Next stop, the House chambers... 435 members View from balcohny Based on Population Interesting fact... To the Senate! On the President's Desk Candy??? Is that it? Two given from each state The large circular area on the first floor of the Capitol is called the Crypt. The 40 Doric columns of brown stone surmounted by groined sandstone arches support the floor of the Rotunda. This center section of the building was completed in 1827. The Senate Chamber from 1800 to 1808, this room was the site of the first presidential inauguration in Washington, D.C., when Thomas Jefferson took the oath of office on March 4, 1801. The Senate met in this chamber from 1810 until 1859. During its residence here, the Senate grew from a small advisory council to the primary forum for the great national debates of the mid-19th century. Here, Daniel Webster, Henry Clay, and John C. Calhoun fiercely debated the issues of slavery, territorial expansion, and economic policy affecting the new nation, that culminated in the Compromise of 1850. More to see... Our Tour is at its end. Hope you learned
a bit more about Capitol Hill and the
Legislative Branch! 100 members 2 From each State
Full transcript