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Social Work PhD seminar 6th June 2013

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Martin Webber

on 6 June 2013

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Transcript of Social Work PhD seminar 6th June 2013

Martin Webber The strengths of qualitative methodology in social work research What is the added value of qualitative methods to PhD research? Focus group question What is the potential contribution of social workers to the mental health knowledge base? Research question 50 key informants were selected for semi-structured interviews:
Senior social work managers from 31 of the 33 London boroughs
Social workers, a psychiatrist and a service user
Interviews transcribed in full for thematic analysis Methods Traditionalist: a traditional view of social work, advocacy and empowerment from a sociological stance, maintaining a local authority base and links to other fields of social work

Eclecticist: enthusiastic about multidisciplinary teamwork and reducing role demarcation, but keen to preserve the diversity of professional contributions

Genericists: subscribed to an inter-disciplinary model, overcoming assumed and statutory role boundaries where appropriate, and working towards a generic mental health practitioner Typology of attitudes about MHSW What is the meaningful involvement of service users and carers in advanced level PQ social work education? Research question Design
Qualitative methodology incorporating semi-structured interviews, focus group and self-complete questionnaire
Sampling
Purposive sampling strategy to obtain multiple diverse perspectives
Sample size influenced by theoretical saturation
Procedures
Recruited social work academics from Advanced Social Work Practice Network and service users, carers, students and employers from advanced level PQ programmes
Data collection focused on multiple domains of involvement
Analysis
Interviews transcribed verbatim
Data analysed using thematic analysis (Braun and Clarke, 2006) – both inductive and deductive Methods Service user and carer expertise is drawn upon to make specific contributions to programmes
Power resides with PQ programme leaders, but can be shared if users or carers are employed on an equal basis
A panel of service users and carers could be involved for their specific contributions
Model was mentioned with particular reference to curriculum development Model 1: Consultation Service user and carer contributions are equal to that of other contributors
Service users and carers have equal pay, status and authority to that of social work academics
Power and decision-making is shared
Partnership working is most likely to develop through long-standing relationships with individuals or groups
Service users and carers might be consultants or lecturers Model 2: Partnership Primary purpose of involvement is empowerment of service users and carers
All service users and carers have equal access to involvement in social work education
Service users and carers involved need to be ‘representative’
Democratic way of working is intrinsic to model
Model seeks to empower a large number of diverse people to participate
Focus is on needs, personal development and political emancipation of service users and carers who are regarded as being disempowered Model 3: Political Power resides with service users and carers (the top of Arnstein’s (1969) ladder of involvement)
Widespread acknowledgement that this is unlikely to be achieved in reality, but should be an aspiration
Articulated by social work academics rather than service users or carers Model 4: User control How do health and social care workers help young people recovering from psychosis to generate and mobilise social capital? Research question Combinative ethnography of social care practice
Semi-structured interviews, observations of practice and focus groups
Exploratory, not evaluative
Setting
NHS mental health services (mental health professionals and support time & recovery workers in early intervention in psychosis teams, social inclusion and recovery services)
Housing support (supported housing & floating support workers)
Third sector (social enterprises, voluntary organisations)
Sample
150 workers, service users, managers, commissioners Methods
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