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Jean Watson's Nursing Theory
Transcript of Jean Watson's Nursing Theory
Environment: the external reality of a person.
Health: unity and harmony within mind, body and soul of the person.
Nursing: to help people gain more self knowledge, self control and readiness for self healing, regardless of external health condition.
The 3 Key Concepts
Relationship Between Theory and Metaparadigm
Camosun College Nursing Students
Caught Using Caring Theory
Focus of Her Theory
"Nursing, an art and a science, is a practice profession essentially concerned with health and healing."
- Camosun College Curriculum Framework
-Caring is the core of nursing
-Keep caring humanistic despite advancements in technology
-Humanistic approach involving scientific knowledge in the nursing practice
-Encourages development of a deep, caring relationship between nurse and patient
"It emerged from my own views of nursing, combined and informed by my doctoral studies in educational-clinical and social psychology. It was my initial attempt to bring meaning and focus to nursing as an emerging discipline and distinct health profession that had its own unique values, knowledge, and practices, and its own ethic and mission to society." says Jean Watson.
Monday, March 24th, 2014 (Happy Birthday Karin!)
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The Theory Of Human Caring
Strengths + Limitations
Born June 10th 1940 in West Virginia, US
BSN- University of Colorado 1964
MS- University of Colorado 1966
PhD- University of Colorado 1973
Theory published in 1988
Lost an eye in golfing accident 1997
Lost her husband in 1998
Definition of nursing: A human art and science directed towards the protection enhancement and preservation of human dignity.
- This theory places the client in the context of family, community and culture
- Places client as focus of practice rather than technology
- Clinical Caritas Processes (revised) are logically derived from the assumptions and related to the hierarchy of needs.
-Theory not ideal for population focus
-Needs further research to apply in practice
-Providing quality care is viewed as time consuming
-Biophysical needs are not seen as important as psychosocial needs
Jean Watson's Nursing Theory
Dr. Jean Watson
10 Clinical Caritas Processes
A human to human connectedness in a nurse to patient encounter
These processes support both scientific and emotional aspects of the profession.
Transpersonal Caring Relationship
Caring Occasion/ Caring Moment
When a nurse and another person come together in such a way that an occasion for human caring is created.
1. Practiced only interpersonally.
2. Result in the satisfaction of certain human needs.
3. Promotes health and individual or family growth.
4. Accepting of person.
5. A caring environment is one that offers development.
6. Caring is more “ healthogenic” than is curing.
7. The practice of caring is central to nursing.
Jean Watson's Caring Theory In Use
"As evidenced with the latest of elements in professional nursing practice and theory-guided practice models, caring theory/caring science and caritas nursing models are increasingly prominent. The frequency and number of Magnet Hospital's use of caring theory as one core Magnet criterion, is evidence and testimony of caring theory and its impact of nursing over time." -Watson
Birk, L. (2007). The magnetism of theory: resonance to radiance.
Journal Of Nursing Administration, 37
Cara, C. (2003). A pragmatic view of Jean Watson’s caring theory. International Journal For Human Caring, 7(3), 51-61.
Clarke, P., Watson, J., & Brewer, B. (2009). From theory to practice: caring science according to Watson and Brewer.
Nursing Science Quarterly, 22
(4), 339-345. doi:10.1177/0894318409344769
Domrose, C. (2010, February 15).
Facilities Adopt Caring Theory Principles | Nurse.com News
. Retrieved March 18, 2014, from http://news.nurse.com/article/20100215/NATIONAL01/102150001/-1/frontpage#.Uy4crPm-0yq
Gonzalo, A. (2011).
Jean Watson - Theoretical Foundations of Nursing
. Retrieved 18, 2014, from http://nursingtheories.weebly.com/jean-watson.html
Jean Watson's Theory of Nursing
. (2012, January 26). Retrieved March 18, 2014, from http://currentnursing.com/nursing_theory/Watson.html
Lachman, V. D. (2012). Applying the Ethics of Care to Your Nursing Practice.
MEDSURG Nursing, 21
Peplau -vs- Watson: Communication
. (2012, June 9). Retrieved March 18, 2014, from http://nurseinterupted.wordpress.com/2012/06/09/peplau-vs-watson-communication/
Rafael, A. (2000). Watson's philosophy, science, and theory of human caring as a conceptual framework for guiding community health nursing practice.
Advances In Nursing Science, 23
Watson, J. (2001). Part One: Jean Watson's Theory of Human Caring. In M. Parker (Ed)
Nursing Theories and Nursing Practice, 2nd ed
. (pp. 295-302). Retrieved from http://taskurun.files.wordpress.com/2011/10/nursing_theories_and_nursing_practice__second_edition.pdf
"Watson's conceptualizing of health is consistent with the World Health Organization (WHO) definition of health as 'a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities.'" -Rafael