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Causes of Revolution

Declarations, Proclamations, & Acts of Parliamentary
by

Mr. Rudisin

on 30 June 2016

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Transcript of Causes of Revolution

The Townshend Acts were an
attempt to
raise revenue
in the
colonies in order to pay salaries, to
enforce trade regulations and the Quartering Act, and to
assert Parliament's RIGHT to tax
the colonies.

Colonial resistance to the Acts would lead to the
"Boston Massacre"
of 1770.
Colonists vs. Parliament
...Revolution!
The Stamp Act
1775 - Battle of
Lexington & Concord

1776 -
"Common Sense"
published by
Thomas Paine

July 4, 1776 - Declaration of Independence

1777-78 - Washington's
Valley Forge
Winter Camp

1781 -
Yorktown
Surrender of British (
Cornwallis
)

1781 -
Articles of Confederation
Ratified

1783 - Paris Peace Treaty
To cover the cost of troops and defenses the British
Parliament
passed a new tax on paper materials:
legal documents, magazines, newspapers, etc.

Colonists, such as
Patrick Henry
, protested the tax because it was not approved by
colonial legislatures
.

Repealed
in 1766 due to the protests of colonists.
Critical Thinking:
What does the colonial depiction of a stamp reveal about their attitudes on the affect of the Stamp Act?
The Townshend Acts
- After your reading, which image is more accurate and why?

- Using evidence from the reading and images, what problem(s) does
propaganda
present when studying history?
The Intolerable Acts
*
The Boston Port Act

- closed the port of Boston

*
The Massachusetts Government Act
- almost all positions in the colonial government were to be appointed by the governor or the king.

*
The Administration of Justice Act
- allowed the governor to move trials of accused royal officials to another colony or Great Britain if the official could not get a fair trial in Massachusetts.

*
The Quartering Act
- allowed a governor to house soldiers in unoccupied buildings.

*
The Quebec Act
- extended the borders of British Quebec to the Ohio River and west to the Mississippi.
Basic Timeline of Events
French and Indian War
TREATY OF PARIS
(1763) - Britain gained control of most French American Territory (split with Spain). Britain had a huge debt from war, new defense costs, and new governing problems.
History In the Making: Image Analysis
Cause and Effect
French and Indian War
British Debt and new territory to defend
Parliament taxes American Colonies
Protests
Continued Attempts to Tax Colonies
Colonial civil unrest and resistance
Military Crackdown
on Colonies
Armed Rebellion (
Lexington & Concord
)
Declaration of Independence
.... and
Proclamation Line
1765
1763
1767
Revenue Act of 1767
Indemnity Act
Customs Act
Vice Admiralty Court Act
New York Restraining Act
John Hancock's
Ship Seized > Riots / Protests
Troops occupy Boston
1774
The Tea Act
1773
East India Company
in debt.
has a
monopoly
on tea trade.
Company has a
surplus
of tea.
Samuel Adams
&
Sons of Liberty
hold town meeting.
Parliament Passes
Tea Act
.
EIC sets a cheap price on tea.
tea surplus sent to colonies.
Consignees
threatened
tea ships arrive in Boston.
cannot unload tea.
BOSTON TEA PARTY
Americans Drink Coffee!
After the war, a major problem in governing the former French territories were conflicts between Indian Nations and colonists.

King George III
issued the
Proclamation Line
along the Appalachian Mountains to prohibit colonists and
speculators
from selling or settling land west of the line.
Example of Conflict:

Pontiac's Rebellion
Boston Port Act
Government Act
Justice Act
Quartering Act
Quebec Act
This series of Parliamentary acts were in response to the
Boston Tea Party
and aimed at Massachusetts. They were deemed
coercive
or
intolerable
by the colonies.
Details on Each Act
met to present grievances and a united front to Parliament.
All colonies sent
delegates
except GA.
Members included:
Washington, John Adams, John Jay, Patrick Henry, Sam Adams
1st Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
July 4, 1776
April 1775
Battle of Lexington
Battle of Concord

June 1775
Battle of Bunker Hill

January 1776
"Common Sense"
The best selling pamphlet by
Thomas Paine
,

"Common Sense,"
increased the want for independence and formation of a
republic
throughout the colonies.
Starting in May of 1775, colonial leaders met again in Philadelphia to respond to the violence that had broken out in MA.

-
Olive Branch Petition
: sent directly to King George III as a last attempt to make peace. The king refused to see it.
2nd Continental Congress
Declaration of Independence
- written by
T. Jefferson

(Franklin & Adams helped)
- adopted on July 4, 1776.
Salutary Neglect
circa 1600-1750
From their beginnings, the American Colonies enjoyed great
autonomy
from Great Britain. The
proprietors
and colonial legislatures had the most direct control of economic & political affairs.
Ben Franklin's political cartoon urging the colonies to unite against the French, circa 1754.
For most of the 17th century, the principles of
mercantilism
were largely unenforced in the 13 colonies (except for the
Navigation Acts
periodically
). This unofficial policy of
salutary neglect
worked well for Britain for a long time and the colonies enjoyed some of the lowest taxes in the
British Empire
.
Effect:

creates tension between colonies & Britain
Effect 1:
colonies have self-government
Effect 2:
Britain has unused source of revenue
Effect 1:
sparked the
Sons of Liberty
Effect 2:
Parliament did not give up "right" to tax.
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