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Greek Life

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Norma Castanon

on 8 December 2014

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Transcript of Greek Life




Black Letter Greek Organizations (BLGO)
Black Letter Greek
Organizations (BLGO)
Black Letter Greek
Organizations (BLGO)
Multicultural Greek
Black Letter Greek Organizations (BLGO)
Fraternity Politics
Sorority Politics
BLGO Politics
Fraternity Word Cloud
Sorority Word Cloud
Black Letter Greek Organizations (BLGO) Word Cloud
Multicultural Greek Organizations Word Cloud
Black Greek Letter
Organizations (BGLO)
Multicultural Greek
Black Letter Greek Organizations (BLGO)
***Most centered around children and/or women
Service geared towards children/ education:
Boys and Girls Club of America
mentor and tutor children at Kids Against Drugs
UNICEF- United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund
At-risk Youth, host the Youth Summit
Children International
One Heartland
TRIO programs

Service geared towards women: only sororities
Domestic Violence Against Women
Suicide and Depression Awareness and Prevention
Breast Cancer Awareness
Sigma Lambda Beta: couldn't find theirs
***Most have a 2.5 GPA requirement
GPA Requirement higher then the rest:
Sigma Lambda Beta: 2.6 requirement
Sigma Lambda Gamma: 2.75 requirement
Required Study Hours:
Kappa Delta Chi
Sigma Delta Lambda
1968: La Raza & Tribal Colleges
late 1970s- Ceasar Chavez & Dolores Huerta
1909: Jewish (7 total)
1931: Phi Iota Alpha
Early 1990s: Asian American (42 total)
1990s: Latino (42 total)
1800s- 1990s: Multicultural (68 total)
Early 1990s: Native American (6 total)
1990s: South Asian (13 total)
Early 2000s: Muslim (3 total)
1992-5: HSI's
1998: NMGC & NAFLO

---National Multicultural Greek Council (13)

--- National Association of Fraternal Latino Organizations (NAFLO) -20
Alpha Psi Lambda
Kappa Delta Chi
Phi Iota Alpha
Sigma Iota Alpha
Freemasons – early 1600s, 1775 Prince Hall, 1787 African Lodge No.459
Masons vs NPHC
working class vs collegiate students
secret society vs incorporated fraternity
Alpha Phi Alpha and Alpha Kappa Alpha (first fraternity and sorority)
NPHC founded in 1930 by KAPsi, Omegas, AKAs, DST, and ZPhiB
APhiA & Sigma’s 1931, Sigma Gamma Rho 1937, Iota Phi Theta 1997
Delta Sigma Theta 1913
1913 Women’s Suffrage March
Zeta Phi Beta 1920
1972 March of Dime and Stork’s Nest Program
Sigma Gamma Rho 1922
1920s KKK Opposition
Kappa Alpha Psi (Nu) 1911
1922 Guide Right
Omega Psi Phi 1911
1926 Dr. Carter G. Woodson & Black History month
Phi Beta Sigma 1914
1925 Bigger Better Business (S.E.E.D.)
Iota Phi Theta 1963
Top 5 Words:
Service Community Humanity Foundation national
Top 5 Words:
History of Hazing in BGLO’s
Celebrated Culture on College Campuses
Current Issues (retaining chapters and attracting potential members)
International Service
Regional Service
Local service
GPA requirements
study groups and support
---Texas State Multicultural Greek Council
*** 4 sororities identify themselves as being service organizations
*All Latino/a based (not very MULTIcultural)
** Couldn't find information on 3 of the organizations
Tab for parents/family (3/5)
Found anti-hazing related information for 5 of the 8 organizations
Asian/ South Asian Fraternities:
Physical work

Early 1800s - Women's Club Movement
Post Civil War, "universities for middle-aged women"
1819: Emma Willard "Plan for Improving Female Education"
1826 - 1st public girl's HS open in NYC and Boston.
1833 -Oberlin College first U.S. co-educational college
1838 - Mount Holyoke College first college for women.
1851/52 - Adelphian and Philomethean Societies
1874 - Gamma Phi Beta is established as first "sorority"
1902 - First Inter-Sorority Conference (later NPC)
1923 - Sorority women now total 150,000 internationally
1920s - etiquette & socal training
1930s - 5 women's colleges ban sororoities
1940s - Sororities are easilly challenged and disbanded
1950s - lowest female enrollment since 20's, return to traditionalism, and "anti-fraternity" agitation
1961 - NPC reaffirms the right to fraternal organizations and commits to re-educate about women's fraternities
2020 - goal to achieve equal pay and more senior leadership in American life.

1902 - formed the ISC because of resistance to women's fraternities
1932 - Poll at Ohio State claims sororities choose based on looks, $$$, and family
1957 - NPC insignia and the NPC Statement of Rights are adopted.
1974 - Legally, the rights of all fraternities
to remain single-sex organizations is established.
1989 - NPC affirms human dignity and frames Rushee’s Bill of Rights
2003 - NPC joins NIC in lobbying efforts on Capitol Hill in support of the Collegiate Housing and Infrastructure Act
1885 - Chi Omega at DePauw begins first hazing elements, stunts and courage test
Until 19600's - flew under the radar as they were perceived as more responsible than to haze like fraternities did.
Latino Fraternities:

Body image

Test banks
Academic chairs
Very secretive: don't know much about multicultural greeks
Stay out of the media/ etc.
1909 - ISC appoints committees for scholarship standards
1913 - NPC adopts uniform scholarship and house rules for collegians

*NPC - Requires sorority chapters to maintan a gpa; gpa requirements for recruitment as well as pledging and initiation

*Each sorority has gpa requirements (2.5 for most), tutoring programs, academic awards/honor societies, and some have academic chair positions.
"Giving to the community and charitable organizations is a top priority among the Greeks at Texas State! Including blood drives, mentoring, run/walks and community clean-ups"
Top Five Words
more regulated than fraternities
less violence and more psychological
first to meet for a conference
choose based on who will make them look good rather
debate over names
1950s - hazing appears as lineups, household cleaning, and menial errands
1960's - escalates with alcohol etc
1970 - First death during pledging
1975 - NPC prohibits alcohol use and male participation during rush.
1977 - NPC adopts resolution
to forbid hazing.

Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority Incorporated. Mission Statement. HYPERLINK "http://www.aka1908.com/about/mission" http://www.aka1908.com/about/mission

Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity Incorporated. Mission Statement. HYPERLINK "http://www.alpha-phi-" http://www.alpha-phi- alpha.com/Page.php?id=53

Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Incorporated. Mission Statement. HYPERLINK "http://www.deltasigmatheta.org/about_mission.html" http://www.deltasigmatheta.org/about_mission.html

Iota Phi Theta Fraternity Incorporated. Mission Statement. http://www.iotaphitheta.org/about/historical-overview

Jones, R. (2004). Black haze violence, sacrifice, and manhood in Black Greek-letter fraternities. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Kappa Alpha Psi Incorporated. Mission Statement. http://www.kappaalphapsi1911.com/?page=foundation

Kimbrough, W. (2003). Black Greek 101: The culture, customs, and challenges of Black fraternities and sororities. Madison Teaneck [N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press

Parks, G. (2008). Black Greek-letter organizations in the twenty-first century our fight has just begun. Lexington, Ky.: University Press of Kentucky.

Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity Incorporated. Mission Statement. HYPERLINK "http://www.phibetasigma1914.org/our-" http://www.phibetasigma1914.org/our-history/

Sigma Gamma Rho. Mission Statement. http://www.sgrho1922.org/about-sigma

Zeta Phi Beta Sorority Incorporated. Mission Statement. http://www.zphib1920.org/our-history/
NPC - service is a basc tenet and requirement in all 26 sororities
2011 - 427 associations raised $2,855,095 and volunteered 639,021 philanthropic hours and 908,905 community service hours
National Panhellenic Conference founded in 1902
- presides over 26 (inter)national women's sororities
- 650 campuses
- 4,500 alumnae chapters
- Board of DIrectors, Executive Committee, and Chairman positions
- All women
1750: Flat Hat Club established at the College of William & Mary.
This is thought to have been the first American university fraternity
1776: Phi Beta Kappa founded at William & Mary
The first Greek-letter university fraternity
Founded at the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, VA
1780: Phi Beta Kappa installed its second chapter at Yale University
1826: William Morgan Disappearance
1845: First fraternity house occupied at the University of Michigan
Delta Kappa Epsilon
1854: First house built expressly for fraternity use was erected at Kenyon College
1864: First modern fraternity house including dormitory living quarters built at Williams College.
1893: Interfraternity and Intersorority Congress
World’s Columbian Exposition, Chicago.
1909: First Interfraternity Conference meeting
New York City
Today known as North-American Interfraternity Conference
1917: 200,000 fraternity men served in World War I. 2,000 never returned.

Fraternity: Fraternus (Latin for “brotherly”)
Dominate the elite realms of politics
76% of US senators
85% of Fortune 500 executives
63% of US presidents’ cabinet members since 1990
85% of the US Supreme Court justices since 1910
18 US presidents since 1877

North-American Interfraternity Conference
Founded 1909
74 national and international men’s fraternities
5,500 chapters in over 800 campususes
9 volunteer board of directors
10 fulltime staff members (4 women)
Headquarters based in Indianapolis, Indiana

Top three hazing techniques
Water overdose
Alcohol chug
Hazing Statistics
5% of college students admit to being hazed
40% of college students admit to knowing about hazing activity
67% of college students who have been hazed believe that humiliationis a significant part of initiation
Manley Burke
Law firm
Publishes Fraternal Law newsletter
21 fraternities and sororities led effort to create anti-hazing hotline through Manley Burke

Service fraternities
Many fraternities include service as part of their missions and purpose
The Greek system is the largest group of volunteers in the United States (Average 10 million volunteer hours per year)
NAC nonprofit associate application process
“Your nonprofit organization is actively involved in educating, informing, charitable fund raising, or willing to work cooperatively with men's college fraternities.” –NIC Website

GPA requirements to join/to stay active
According to Eric and Jason Storch:
Fraternity males self reported academic dishonesty more that sorority females
Greek affiliated students self reported academic dishonesty more than non-affiliated students
Fraternity members are 10% more likely to graduate than non-active college males

Alcohol and Sexual Assault join hazing as the top three problems facing fraternities
Strong sense on brotherhood developed
Network of alumni and current members established
Future career guidance

Top 5 Words:
Hughes, M. J. (1991). Addressing gay, lesbian, and bisexual issues in fraternities and sororities.
In N. J. Evans, & V. A. Wall (Eds.), Beyond tolerance: Gays, lesbians and bisexuals on campus (pp. 97-116). Lanham, MD: University Press of America.
Sweeney, B. N. (2014). Masculine status, sexual performance, and the sexual stigmatization of women. Symbolic Interaction, 37(3), 369-390. doi:10.1002/symb.113
Syrett, N. (2009). The company he keeps a history of white college fraternities. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Fraternity Recruitment Delay Doesn’t Affect Academic Success. (2004). Recruitment & Retention in Higher Education, 18(9), 1-2.
Martin, G. L., Hevel, M. S., Asel, A. M., & Pascarella, E. T. (2011). New Evidence on the Effects of Fraternity and Sorority Affiliation During the First Year of College. Journal Of College Student Development, 52(5), 543-559.
Storch, E. A., & Storch, J. B. (2002). Fraternities, sororities, and academic dishonesty. College Student Journal, 36(2), 247-252.
Beil, C., & Shope, J. H. (1990). No exit: Predicting student persistence. Paper presented at the Annual Forum of the Association of Institutional Research, Louisville, KY. Retrieved from http://0-files.eric.ed.gov.opac.msmc.edu/fulltext/ED321669.pdf
DeSantis, A. D. (2007). Inside Greek U. : Fraternities, Sororities, and the Pursuit of Pleasure, Power, and Prestige. Lexington, KY, USA: University Press of Kentucky.
Initiation- choose, aren't chosen
Existententialism - people are free and responsible for what they make of themselves, which can lead to a great deal of pressure that is relieved by the structure and meaning in greek life..

Dewey's focus on democratic societies - Sororities and fraternities ideally learn to be functioning societies during their college experience and contribute better citizens to the world as a whole.
Works Cited

Multicultural Greek Council. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://mgc.dos.txstate.edu/

Nation's First and Largest Co-ed Latino Fraternity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.alphapsilambda.net/

Home Page. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.kappadeltachi.org/

Phi Iota Alpha Fraternity, Inc. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.phiota.info/

Primary. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.sigmadeltalambda.com/

Sigma Iota Alpha - Sigma Iota Alpha, chapterspot fraternity websites, chapterspot sorority websites, chapterspot.com. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.hermandad-sia.org/

Sigma Lambda Beta International Fraternity. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.sigmalambdabeta.com/

Sigma Lambda Gamma National Sorority. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from http://www.sigmalambdagamma.com/

National Association of Latino Fraternal Organizations. (n.d.). Retrieved November 20, 2014, from https://orgsync.com/18697/chapter
Very community oriented
Alpha Delta Pi. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21,2014, from https://www.alphadeltapi.org/contentmanager/page.asp?webpageid=1

Bloomburg University of Pennsylvania: Women's History Timeline. (n.d.). Retrieved November 30, 2014, from http://www.bloomu.edu/wrc/timeline

Nuwer, H. (2001). Wrongs of passage: Fraternities, sororities, hazing, and binge drinking. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Oklahoma Historical Society's Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. n.d.). Retrieved December 1, 2014, from http://digital.library.okstate.edu/encyclopedia/entries/W/WO002.html

National Panhellenic Conference. (n.d.). Retrieved November 21, 2014, from http://www.npcwomen.org

DeSantis, A. D. (2007). Inside greek u: Fraternties, sororities, and the pursuit of pleasure, power, and prestige. Lexington, KY: University Press of Kentucky.
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