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Differentiated Instruction

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on 28 April 2014

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Transcript of Differentiated Instruction

Differentiated Instruction
Differentiated Instruction Includes:
"The What" - Content
Knowledge and skills students already know and need to acquire
Strategies to differentiate:
Tiered Content -
same activity different learning levels
Providing a Variety of Materials
Presentation Styles -
say it, show it, model it
Scaffolding -
providing educational support for future learning
Learning Contracts -
agreement between student and teacher regarding their learning objective
Compacting -
allowing students to move quickly through content they already mastered
"The How" - Process
Providing different activities to aid in student mastery of content
Strategies for Process
Tiered Activities
Learning Centers
Interactive Journals -
writing prompt between student and teacher
Graphic Organizers
Jigsaw Activities
Manipulatives
Adjusting 3 Main Components: Content, Product, and Process
Teachers taking into consideration student's readiness, interests, and learning profile
Ongoing Assessment
Flexible Grouping
Differentiated Instruction in a Nutshell

"The Show What You Know" - Product
Student demonstration of knowledge in variety of ways
Strategies for Product
Tiered Product
Tic Tac Toe Board:
Students choose 3 tasks from board
Learning Menus:
Students have different options of assignments from "menus"
RAFT:
Role, Audience, Format, Topic
RAFT Example
Know Your Students: Readiness, Interest, and Learning Profile
Readiness:
Determine each student's knowledge level in content area
Examples: testing, self report, work samples, KWL chart
Interest:
Discover students' interests to maintain engagement
Examples: icebreakers, interest inventory, discuss interests
Learning Profile:
Determine the best way each student learns
Examples: student questionnaire and observation
Consider environmental, gender, and cultural factors

Ongoing Assessment
Pre-Assessment:
To assess students' prior knowledge, interests and learning needs
Examples: KWL Chart, Pre-test
Formative Assessment:
An ongoing assessment during the learning process to determine student understanding and if instructional modification is needed
Examples: class discussion, exit tickets
Summative Assessment:
Post-instructional assessment to determine attained learning by assigning grades
Examples: Tests, Projects
Flexible Grouping: Modifying groups in order to meet academic needs of students.
Different grouping formats: whole-group, small-group, peer pairs, large groups (students may also choose to work independently)
Homogeneous Grouping:
group students with similar needs to focus on specific skill or content
Heterogeneous Grouping:
group students with different needs to bring varying strengths to group
Classroom Environment
Organize the Classroom:
Room arrangement conducive to differentiated learning environment (i.e. floor/wall space, materials storage)
Effective Classroom Management
Explicitly teach rules and procedures that apply to all class activities
Communication with Parents and Students
Open communication addressing the differentiated instruction approach
Now What?...
Differentiated Instruction May be Implemented Gradually
One element to differentiate
Working in small groups
Implementing one differentiated activity per unit
Your easiest group of students
Assigning differentiated homework

Begin with...
References:

The IRIS Center for Training Enhancements. (2010). Differentiated Instruction: Maximizing the Learning of All Students Retrieved on February 6th, 2014 from http://iris.peabody.vanderbilt.edu/module/di/


By: Roxanne Jessee, Kimberly Lynn, and Kristen Maczko
What is Differentiated Instruction?
A method where teachers modify their curriculum and instruction to maximize the learning of all students.
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