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Transcript of Teacher Wars
"The Teacher Wars" by Dana Goldstein
1815 - 1850 : educationally
Common Schools - Missionary Teachers
public education : "a new, more gentle church and female teachers as the ministers of American morality" - p. 15
women offered more nurturing appeal and cheaper
this still haunts us today as a profession
Hartford Seminary opens (1823) - first all women formal school
Normal Schools (1840) - to educate teachers, including women
1815 - 1850 : politically
Pre-Civil War Era
one of the most turbulent times in American History
many changes happening all at once -
moved from farming to urbanization
debate over states' individual rights & slavery
wage labor, social reform, westward expansion
women now had options socially beyond just marrying
Education is a small reflection of what is happening politically in America - Let's take a walk through history with "The Teacher Wars" as our guide to describe who we are, where we came from and why we continue to battle some of the things we do in education.
1870 - 1920 : politically
Reconstruction, The Gilded Age, Progressive Era
Civil Rights begin for Gender and Race
1870-1920 : educationally
most states educating black and white students separately
women earning less pay as teachers
public education begins to unionize
tenure is born (1917)
"value-added", teacher evaluations, IQ tracks all topics in education
1920 - 1980 : politically
World War I
World War II
Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education (1954)
National Defense Education Act (1957) - direct response to Sputnik
1964 - Civil Rights Act
1965 - Elementary and Secondary Act (ESEA)
1920 - 1970 : educationally
National Education Week Introduced (1921)
Substitutes Introduced (1929) after stock market crashes as a way to decrease money going into teacher salaries
Lobbyists work for : free lunch program, extra services in schools
Hunt for teachers who were communist
hot topics : salary schedules, secondary vs. elementary pay, grievances
Integration now law - educating black and white students together
separate but equal had no place in public education
Effects on teachers and students of color
1980 - today : politically
strikes - most violent in NJ (1970)
standards and accountability
charters, Teach for America, alternative teaching credentials
A Nation at Risk published (1983)
No Child Left Behind of 2001
Teaching to the tests
And other initiatives to improve teaching : Race to the Top, Common Core
"When public policy requires teacher/districts and schools to do things all the same way whether it is proved to be effective or not, then you take away the power of effective teachers"
The Teacher Wars, p.261
"We expect teachers to close the achievement gap and panic when they don't, but we also fail to give families the full range of social supports that children need in order to thrive academically."
The Teacher Wars, p.274
1980 - today : educationally
Civil Rights - Sexuality
Information, Information, Information
Why should we read "The Teacher Wars"?
Susan B. Anthony
Booker T. Washington
Ella Flagg Young
Not so New to Education. . .
Teacher turn over
Teacher Evaluations and how to do them
Teacher Training (pre-train and continued training)
How do we apply this to leadership?
know where we come from and why people enter the profession
new things are not always new - look to history to learn
need to understand what is going on politically because of the influence in education
"History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived, but if faced with courage, need not be lived again."