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logan lepper

on 11 February 2013

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Transcript of 1920`s

The Roaring Twenties Women in the 1920`s Prohibition communism Immigration An economic and Political system based on one party government and state ownership of property. Two examples: The Red Scare which refers to the fear of Communism in the USA during the 1920`s. The fear of communism increased in 1919 after a series of strikes occurred. The Boston police went on strike and 100,000 of steel and coal worker did as well. In 1920 Sacco and Vanzetti were charged with robbery and murder of two guards, and were then labeled as ruthless Anarchists. After six years after Sacco and Vanzetti`s conviction they were executed in the electric chair on August 23 of 1927. It was believed that Sacco and Vanzetti were innocent, and another man by the name of Celestino
Madeiros was the murder. Even though Celestino confessed to the murders Sacco and Vanzetti still were convicted. Prohibition : The banning of the manufacture scale and possession of alcoholic beverages. Prohibitionist groups feared that alcohol was undermining American morals. Prohibition did not last because the law enforcement was not effective, So the crime rate went up and alcohol was still sold. Speakeasies were the name of the places alcohol was illegally sold and consumed. Prohibition also resulted in the growth of criminal organizations, which included the American mafia. Prohibition made many Americans corrupt against the law, such as Politicians and the police force. Harlem Renaissance Scopes Trial Claude Mckay a novelist, poet that urged African Americans to resist discrimination.
Paul Robeson was the son of a slave that became a major dramatic actor.
Louis Armstrong was one of the best young trumpet players if not he best in the jazz scene.
Bessie Smith was a female blues singer and most outstanding vocalist of the decade. The Automobile For :
Thought evolution should be taught in schools because it was scientifically proven and was already in the text book. Against :
Thought that Scopes was being unlawful by teaching evolution, and going against Religion. Labor Issues Opinion The Harding Administration Mass Culture The United states felt that to many immigrants were entering America, So they issued an Emergency Quota Act of 1921. The act set limits on the total number of immigrants allowed to enter the country. The united states favored immigrants from Western Europe which caused immigration to decline. In 1926 the Passaic Textile strike was a strike by over 15,000 woolen mill workers it was over wage issues. The strike lasted over a year and ended in March of 1927.
The Columbine Mine Massacre occurred in 1927 in Serene Colorado. There was over 500 coal workers that formed a union. The miners unarmed were attacked with machine guns. Six strikers were killed and a dozen were injured. The popularity of Unions: Unions lost their appeal in the 1920`s because of the increase in immigrants in the work force who could not speak English very well if at all. After hundreds of people lost their jobs and went to jail there was a major decline in strikes. The 1920s had a big influence on our culture today, with the radio and the mass production of Ford cars, the radio and the movie theater. Many inventions were made in the twenties, but the one most commonly found in peoples homes was the radio which brought entertainment and local and world news. As the demand of the radio increased the number of stations increased as well. The theater was a new form of entertainment for the public to go. As the interest in the movie theater increased more and more films were brought to the theater. By the end of the twenties historians say that three quarters of the American population visited the movie theater once a week. In 1927 Edwin Perkins invented "Fruit Smack" which was change to the name we known today Kool aid. The original flavors were cherry, grape,orange, lemon lime, root beer, and raspberry. The brand Brand Aid was found in the twenties after a worker at Johnson and Johnson came up with the idea of individual adhesive bandage strips for small cuts. In 1928 the first Micky Mouse cartoon was created and appeared for the first time on the big screen . Clarence Darrow defended after not practicing law for over 30 years, and approaching 70 years of age. John Neal a law school dean of Knoxville also went to Dayton Tennessee to volunteer to represent Scopes. John Butler a traditionalist introduced a bill making Evolution unlawful in February of 1925. William Jennings Bryan A democratic candidate for president led a crusade to banned Darwin`s theory of evolution in the United States. Women began to work and gain the rights that only men had such as the right to vote. Women after the 1920s gained the rights and respect to fly planes, dive taxis and drill oil mills. Before the 1920s women stayed at home and cooked, cleaned, and worked jobs such as clerical work. Women not only got careers they also gained independence, and with independence came a new image. The term flapper was the term that described the new women. Flappers were Fashionable young women who lived an unconventional life, They dressed in short skirts and had bobbed hair, and enjoyed parties, drinking, and enjoyed seducing men. The most important product in the twenties was the Automobile. Henry Ford made cars easier to purchase and afford for every American.People could buy an automobile on an installment plan. Installment plans are credit systems for paying off something over a period of time. Ford made a mass production of cars that made the prices much lower to buy. By 1929 there was one car on the road for every four Americans. Automobiles made the economy stronger with business like the gas station and motels and hotels. Personality Struggles Scandals The Teapot Dome Scandal was about a secret petroleum reserve in Wyoming for emergency navel use. Albert B. Fall Warren Haring`s secretary of interior in 1921 convinced the secretary of the navy to turn control over the reserve to him. After gaining control Albert leased the reserve to Harry Sinclair`s oil company. Albert Fall was awarded 400,000 dollars im gifts for the leasing of the dome. The Ohio Gang was the nickname of Warren Harding`s longtime allies and campaign contributors that he appointed to cabinet. Some of the men exploited their positions in office for personal gain. Warren had a relaxed managerial style in running newspapers in Ohio which gave him a good name. Warren was a pushover when it came to others needs. "He was always prepared to trim his sails in order to please." Warren Harding struggled with several major powers like the Navy. Warren also struggled with assigning decent and honest people to office. Harding was a hard working compassionate president who never even went on a honey moon while in office. I think the most significant event of the decade was the stock market crash of 1929. The crash ended the roaring twenties and started the depression. The crash resulted in a ten year great depression that effected all Western industrialized countries. The stock market crash was a loss of 30 billion dollars in market value.(That`s worth 396 billion dollars today.) During depression unemployment rose 25%, wages fell 42%, Economic growth fell 50%, and world trade plummeted 65%. The Stock market crash to me was the most significant event because it effected millions of peoples lives.. By Logan Lepper
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