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Occupational Therapy

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Robin Prothro

on 20 November 2015

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Transcript of Occupational Therapy

Occupational Therapy
Physical Therapists
Speech Therapists
Doctors
Teachers
How Occupational Therapy Fits In
What Does It Take To Become An Occupational Therapist
Education
Conclusion
So if you are a compassionate person with a goal in life to help people and families overcome obstacles, and want be creative in doing so, then becoming an Occupational Therapist may be a career for you.
What is Occupational Therapy?
"occupational therapists and occupational therapy assistants help people across the lifespan participate in the things they want and need to do through the therapeutic use of everyday activities (occupations)." (aota)
Evaluation
Progress Reports
"how are they doing"
Treatment
"How we make it better"
Measure progress to see if a person is meeting their goals and change treatment if they are not making progress
Just like a teacher does with students
"what can a person do"
Where Can You Find An OT?
Hospitals
Therapy Centers/Rehab Centers
Nursing Home Facilities
Home Health Care
Schools
What Professions Work Side-By-Side OTs?
High School Diploma
4 year college degree
A Master's Degree in Occupational Therapy (MSOT) On average this takes 2-3 yrs to complete and requires in class work as well as fieldwork
The Medical University of South Carolina in Charleston, SC is the only OT school in South Carolina
Licensing & Certification
All states require a license to practice Occupational Therapy
Most require national certification by the National Board of Occupational Therapy
Job Outlook
National Growth
33% growth from 2010-2020
Top 15 jobs in the country
National median salary: $78,810
South Carolina
Average hourly wage $38
Average salary: $70,000
Day In The Life of An Occupational Therapist
May see 6-10 patients a day and each patient is treated individually based on their own personal goals and needs. Patients can be treated in hospitals, clinics, at home, or at school.
In between seeing patients a therapist will have administrative duties involving making phone calls, charting (writing notes about each patient), and participating in staff/business meetings
Evaluation
Characteristics of Clients Include:
Exercises
Increase range of motion
Strengthen muscles
Improve dexterity
Focus on both gross and fine motor skills
"Occupational therapy practitioners focus the client transaction process toward the end-goal of supporting health and participation in life through engagement in occupation" (American Journal of Occupational Therapy, AOTA, 2008)
Occupational Profile
Analysis of Occupational Performance
Intervention
Plan
Implementation
Review
Outcomes
Measurements
From newborns to the elderly
Mental disabilities
Physical disabilities
Behavioral & emotional conditions
Burn victims
Amputees
Substance abusers
Eating disorders
Pain management
Adaptation & Modification
Assistive devices
Introduce technological aids
Adjust home environment
Encourage positive thinking
Motivation!
Construct splints and other aids
Customized look at movement, strength, Activities of Daily Living, vision, coordination, cognitive functions, sensory integration, and ability to perform specific tasks.
Use the information to determine individual goals
Individualized activities to improve a person's ability to perform daily activities and reach their goals.
History of Occupational Therapy
1930s
1942-1960
1980s-1990s
1960s-1970s
1920s
1910s
1930s
Occupational therapy became more closely aligned and identified with organized medicine, which led to the beginning of a more scientific approach (Wendel)
1942-1960
Often referred to as the "rehabilitation movement," and occupational therapists were called to organize and run rehabilitation programs for injured veterans. In addition, other medical advances were extending to treating other conditions including those with spinal cord injury, traumatic brain injury and cerebral palsy. (Wendel)
1960s-1970s
The entire medical profession moved towards specialization, and occupational therapy followed suit. Services for individuals with developmental disabilities and pediatric disorders expanded greatly during this time (Wendel)
1980s-1990's
Occupational therapy became more involved in education, prevention, screening programs and health maintenance efforts. "Quality of life" was becoming increasingly accepted as a goal of occupational therapy intervention (Wendel)
1910s
First practitioners in OT profession, called reconstructive aides, worked during World War I to rehabilitate disabled soldiers and civilian patients. They addressed the need of these soldiers for care beyond wound repair.They helped them recapture purpose in their lives by giving them something useful to do (Wendel)
1920s
Occupational therapy expanded beyond serving people with physical impairments to include those with mental illness (Wendel)
2000s
In May 2002, the American Occupational Therapy Association adopted a revised framework of practice for the profession. This was done to provide occupational therapists with richer language and constructs to more accurately and fully explain what they do that is unique from other health disciplines. The new practice framework, Occupational Therapy Practice Framework: Domain and Process, returns to the roots of participation in occupation as the focus of the profession. The field of occupational therapy is an ever-evolving and dynamic profession (Wendel)
Health Careers (2009). In Occupational Therapist (2012, June 26). Department of

Regulation and Licensing . Retrieved September 18, 2013.

Kielhofner, G. (2009). Conceptual foundations of occupational therapy practice. (ed., Vol.

4). Philadelphia, PA:F A Davis Co.
Occupational Therapist (2012, June 26). In United States Department of Labor. Retrieved September 18, 2013
Orfanos, A. (n.d.). A Day in the Life of an Occupational Therapist. The Quick Guide to Understanding OT. In Therapy Careers. Retrieved September 18, 2013


pros and cons http://www.mockquestions.com/position/Occupational+Therapist/prosandcons/
Play
use fun activities to help children reach their goals

and what are they having trouble doing
Full transcript