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Things Fall Apart

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by

Bree Rapoza

on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of Things Fall Apart

Chapters 10-12
Chapter 10: ceremonial gathering of leaders to discuss issues and administer justice (egwugwu), story of a husband and wife with three brothers

Chapter 11: Ekwehi tells Ezinma a story about a sly tortoise and a feast, Chielo wants to speak to Ezinma, Ekwehi and Okonkwo both try to rescue Ezinma as Chielo carries her around all 9 villages

Chapter 12: Chielo takes Ezinma back home, Okonkwo was up all night searching and waiting for his daughter, prepares for the betrothal ceremony of Obierika's daughter, gifts to inlaws, feast continues
Things Fall Apart
Setting
Intro: Chapters 1-3
Chapter 1: Amalinze Cat vs. Okonkwo (Wrestling Match), Okonkwo wants to be nothing like his father Unoka (always borrowing/losing money, skilled flute player and a gift of love and language)

Chapter 2: Clansmen are gathered, wife of Umuofia tribe was murdered in nearby village Mbaino so 1 virgin and 1 young man must be handed over (refused=go to war), Okonkwo delivered message, the young man (Ikemefuna) turned over to Okonkwo, Okonkwo has 3 wives and 8 children (1wife/hut), demanding person and beats children so they aren't lazy/weak

Chapter 3: Okonkwo goes to the Oracle, reasons for Unoka's death, Evil Forrest, make up for fathers mistakes, asks Nawakibie for 400 seeds of yams to start a farm (borrowing money), drought and downpours
Chapters 4-6
Chapter 4: Ikemefuna & Okonkwo's relationship, Week of Peace (Ojiugo's beating), priest tells Okonkwo to sacrifice 1 nanny goat, 1 hen, and 100 cowrie (shells used as currency), Nwoye and Ikemefuna start farming

Chapter 5: Feast of New Yams give thanks to Earth Goddess Ani, wives prepare, beats Ekwefi out of boredom, wrestling contest, Ezinma & Okonkwo's relationship

Chapter 6: Wrestling matches between 15-16 yr. old boys, while matches go on Ekwefi speaks with Oracle Chielo and she speaks of Ezinma "my daughter," states that Ezinma has "come to stay" because she reaches the age of 10
Chapters 7-9
Chapter 7: Okonkwo's growing relationship with Ikemefuna, Locusts come to Umuofia, come once a gerneration and return every 7 years, Ogbuefi Ezeudu states what Oracle says of Ikemefuna (needs to be killed), Okonkwo lies and says Ikemefuna will return to his village, men start trying to kill him and Okonkwo finishes it

Chapter 8: Okonkwo is depressed, Obierika (friend) helps him cope in picking the new husband for his daughter of the suitors interested

Chapter 9: Ezinma is sick, the only child of Ekwehi, Ekwehi's nine other children, the story of Onwumbiko (Death, I implore you) with Ekwehi and the medicine man
About Chinua Achebe
Born in November 16, 1930 in Ogidi, Nigeria

written by Chinua Achebe
Although his parents were christians they instilled Ibo values into the young Chinua
He married Christie Okoli and raised four children
Achebe studied at several universities with degrees in Broadcasting and English in which he received honors
He serves as a political activist in Nigeria
Achebe's style of writing is honest and brave in regards to criticism of other cultures


Chinua truly believes in this that "any good story, any good novel, should have a message, should have a purpose."
Chinua Achebe, 82, dies in Boston on March 21, 2013 from a previous illness
His style of writing is Nigerian dramatist and novelist
The setting of this novel is 1890 in the lower Nigerian villages such as Iguado and Mbanta
The main character of this novel is Okonkwo, a wealthy and respected warrior of the Umuofia clan
He poses as an influential leader
Chapters 13-16
Chapter 13: one of the respected leaders is pronounced dead (Ogbuefi Ezeudu), drums and guns are sounded, the killing of Ogbuefi Ezeudu's 16 year old son, against the laws of the gods, his family must move out and away of the village forever

Chapter 14: Okonkwo moved to his uncle Uchendu's village, Uchendu shares his story of how he has lost all but one of his six wives and buried twenty-two children, people are worse off

Chapter 15: Obierika brings Okonkwo cowries (shell currency), tells Okonkwo the village has been destroyed by the white man, Oracle told them that the white man will destroy, different views on the Oracle's warning

Chapter 16: Obierika returns 2 years later and sees Nwoye with the missionaries, the missionaries come and talk to the clan addressing themselves and stating the reason they are there
Chapters 17-21
Chapter 17: Missionaries request piece of land to build on, Evil Forrest, wins over converts, Nwoye among the Christians and is seen by Okonkwo's cousin that later tell Okonkwo, Okonkwo's reaction is angry, Nwoye leaves to Umuofia

Chapter 18: Church wins more converts from titleless and outcast members of the clan, Okonkwo asks the tribe to drive out missionaries with violence, elders decide to exclude them

Chapter 19: Okonkwo's 7 years of exile is up soon, provides a feast for his family before he leaves back to Umuofia, concern for the younger generation

Chapter 20: Ezinma agrees to wait till they move back to Umuofia to marry, Umuofia changed, church has become more harsh and arrogant, court and government is now ran by the church,
Chapters 21-25
Chapter 21: Mr. Brown is the leader, addresses Chukwu (the only god), houses and schools are built, Okonkwo's daughters have many suitors, clansmen do not care of Okonkwo's arrival

Chapter 22: James Smith replaces Mr. Brown, walks in on a justice ceremony, the clansmen burned their compound and church to the ground

Chapter 23: Clansmen arm themselves with guns and machetes, jail and physical abuse, blackmail of 250 bags of cowries, collect enough cowries

Chapter 24: Okonkwo's whip marks after released, the meeting has started, meeting has concluded, Okonkwo kills the messager then exits the meeting
Chapter 25
Chapter 25: District Commissioner goes to Okonkwo's compound to speak with him, the men waiting outside told him he was not at all home, Obierika agrees to bring the commissioner to Okonkwo, they walk and find that Okonkwo has hung himself from a tree, suicide is a sin and his body must not be touched by family or friends, the body can only be touched by strangers because his body has become evil
Personal Opinion
I think that Chinua Achebe wrote "Things Fall Apart" based off of his personal stance and views on the missionaries that came to "convert Christians" of the Nigerian tribes.

Dominant Theme: Change and Following Custom/Tradition, change is seen through the eyes of an important leader and influential character that sees tradition is no longer a part of the daily life of younger generations due to the missionaries arrival.

Personal Significance: This also happened to my own culture as I can relate to the younger generation of the Hawaiian people when the Overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom was done by the United States of America. This is how I am personally connected and moved that someone as great as Chinua Achebe created his view through a highly respected novel such as "Things Fall Apart."
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