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Transcript of Italy
People and Society
People and Society
North vs South
Most developed and productive region
Large Labor Force
Richest Part of Italy
Italian is the Official Language
German spoken by minority in parts of Tentinio-Alto Adige
French is spoken by minority in Valle d'Aosta
Sloven is spoken in Triesta-Gorizia
Italians are known for their use of hand gestures while they speak
Campanilismo- Extreme pride of their home town and country. Italians are very proud of their food.
Italian dishes vary on the different regions. A dish in one region could be made differently in another region
Produces over 400 types of formaggio or cheese
Parmigiano Riggiano-Most recognized
Served with Wine and Bread
Almost as many type of bread then there are cities
Salted Cured Meats
Majority is made of pork
Until the reform act of 1950, most of Italy's cultivated land was owned by several nobleman
Since WWII Italy has had a negative trade balance in agriculture products
Majority of agricultural trade happens between EU countries such as Germany and France
Energy & Natural Resources
Italy has few mineral resources - the few that exist are scant and widely dispersed
They are the lead producer of pumice and pozzolana
Famous for their Marble
They have a lack of energy resources which has in turn brought about a variety of innovative energy products
Industry & Manufacturing
After WWII Italy's manufacturing exports increased exponentially
They flourish in the steel business. By 1980 they accounted for more than 21.5% of steel production.
Water transport was the first mode of transportation in Italy due to the numerous ports along their 4,600 miles of coastline
Rail transport became increasingly popular from 1860 - 1873.
Bank of Italy is the central bank in the country
The bank is ran by the minister of economy and finance
There are 3 main types of banks; commercial banks, special savings banks, and investment institutions
Italy's electoral system is based on proportional representation. Which essentially just means the political party that gets more votes gets more seats
Depending on it is a regional or provincial election, voters get to post one or two ballots.
Italy is separated into regions. Each region has its own regional council.
The leader of Italy is known as the Prime Minister of Italy, or officially President of the Council of Ministers of Italy. He must be appointed by the President of the Republic, and be approved by Parliament.
Current Prime Minister
Italy's is conducted through a constitutional republic with a multi-party system.
The executive power is run by a group known as the Council of Ministers.
Like the US, Italy has a legislative, executive, and judicial branch.
Army (Escerito Italiano, El)
Navy (Marina Militare Italiana, MMI)
Italian Air Force (Aerpnautica Militare Italiana, AMI)
Carabinieiri Corps (Arma dei Carabinieri, CC)
Voluntary age of service is 18-25 with a 12 month obligation
Military expenditure is 1.69% of GDP
10th largest in the world
Joined NATO in 1949
One of the founding members
NATO- If one member is attacked, each member of NATO will respond
Joined in 1955
Italy's contributions makes up 4.45% of the UN budget
European Union (EU)
One of founding members of the European Community (EEC) in 1957. Later became the EU
28 member European states
22 members are in NATO
6 members neutral position
Economic alliance. Has a small military alliance since most members belong to NATO
Most recognized dish from Italy
Flat bread covered with tomato sauce
First sign of pizza in 997 AD in Central Italy
Modern Pizza was ade in Naples, Italy
In 2009,Italy requested that Neapolitan pizza was given Traditional Specialty Guaranteed Dish by the EU
Judicial branch of the Italian government
Comprised of 15 judges
5 presidential appointees
5 Parliament appointees
5 chosen from among their ranks
Term of office = 9 years
Chamber of Deputies
Senate of the Republic
Election by popular vote
Term of office = 5 years, aside from 5 Senators that are lifetime appointees by the President
Office of the President
Elected by a college made up by the Chamber of Deputies
Minimum age = 50 years
Term of office = 7 years
Cannot be removed from office or have term shortened, but may be impeached for treason
Duties similar to US Executive Branch
Presides over Council of Defense and Superior Council of the Magistrature
Appoint the President of the Council of Ministers (AKA Prime Minister)
Pres. of the Republic
1929: Official religion of the state of Italy with the signing of the Lateran Treaty between Mussolini and Pope Pius XI
At the time, approximately 90% of the nation's population identified themselves as Roman Catholic
This percentage dwindled in the following decades
1967: Federation of the Evangelical Churches in Italy was founded
This official introduced a large number of recognized religions in the state of Italy
Jews in Italy
Italy saw a significant decline in its Jewish population and, in effect, Judaism during and immediately following World War II
The number of Jewish citizens in Italy has since increased due to immigration
Immigration has steadily increased the presence of many world religions and philosophies:
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints
Presented by Group 7