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The Berlin Wall
Transcript of The Berlin Wall
Constructed on Aug 13, 1961
Through the years, the Berlin Wall evolved through four versions:
barbed-wire fence (1962-1965)
(Border wall 75) (1975-1989)
The Berlin Wall
1. Barbed wire fence
2. Improved barbed-wire fence (1962-1965)
3. Concrete wall (1965-1975)
4. Grenzmauer 75 (1975-1989)
How the Berlin Wall was constructed
people successfully escaped to West Berlin
people died or were killed attempting to cross the Berlin Wall
Conrad Schumann was first E. German guard to
to W. Germany (1961)
Gunter Litfin was first person to be shot attempting to cross Berlin Wall (1961)
Conrad Schumann was the first E. German Guard to defect to W. Germany (1961)
All he had to do was jump some barbed-wire
Here Gunter Litfin is memorialized for having been the first person to be shot at the Berlin Wall
"Here lies the first victim of the Wall and to commemorate all the victims of the Wall"
Successful Escape Attempts
Jumping out of
into the Wall with vehicles
Who built the Berlin Wall?
was divided between the Soviets and the Allies
was also divided between the Soviets and the Allies
Berlin = Soviets
Berlin = Allies
Early on, people successfully
to W. Germany by jumping out of apartments on the border line.
On 22 August 1961,
was the first casualty at the Berlin Wall: she died after she jumped out of her third floor apartment.
E. Germany no longer allowed apartments near the Wall to be
and had their windows bricked up.
Early crossing through barbed-wire fence
Smashing vehicles into the Wall
Wolfgang Engels, a
, stole a Soviet armored personnel carrier and drove it right into the wall.
and seriously wounded by border guards.
A West German policeman
, firing his weapon at the East German border guards.
The policeman removed
from the vehicle which had become
On September 16, 1979 the Strelzyk and Wetzel families
from East Germany to West Germany in a
homemade hot air balloon
during the days of the Berlin Wall.
to West Germany was strictly
by the East German government.
was another way to escape.
the Wall and many people escaped in the early days through the
East Germany closes border with West Germany
closes border between E. Germany and W. Germany
A barbed-wire fence is put up on the border to stop
Berlin's border between East and West was still open
Emigres would board a train in W. Berlin to emigrate from E. Berlin
Who was leaving East Germany?
East Germany experiences a "
Emigrants tended to be young and
East Germany had only 61% of its population of working age, compared to 70.5% before the war.
, technicians, physicians,
, lawyers and
all fled E. Germany for W. Germany
East Germans had left
, or 20% of the entire East German population.
The Soviets claim the Wall is to keep Westerners out but really the Wall is to keep E. Germans in E. Germany
The Soviets want total control of all of Berlin
Tried in 1948 to blockade Berlin, resulted in
By building the Wall, the Soviets were attempting to
from E. Germany and
of what they had
The Fall of the Berlin Wall
of the West proved too
for most E. German youth who longed for the
of the West.
Other Countries started to open their borders to E. German citizens
E. Germans started to emigrate through Czechoslovakia and
shared a border with E. Germany and W. Germany
E. Germans left in large numbers
"Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!"
November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall falls
E. Germany wasn't able to
the borders of Czechoslovakia, Hungary, or Austria making the Wall useless
After an announcement made by the West that the East was
on opening the Wall, thousands of people came to the wall
it be opened
The guards were ordered to open the Wall and on
November 9, 1989
thousands of East Berliners crossed the Wall and into West Berlin.
Der Mauer - The Wall
Why did they build it?
Crossing The Wall
: The people and especially the political and military leaders of the former U.S.S.R.
: The allied countries of WWII: France, Britain, USA, and USSR.
: The movement of people in to a country or region.
: The movement of people out of a country or region.
: The ability to escape East Germany by going through West Berlin.
: Occurs when the people emigrating from a country are the well-educated profesionals
: to leave a country, political party, organization, etc., and go to a different one that is a competitor or an enemy
: to live in (a house, apartment, etc.)
: to become involved in something (such as a conflict) in order to have an influence on what happens
: to entice by charm or attraction
: to make (a law, rule, etc.) active or effective : to make sure that people do what is required by (a law, rule, etc.)