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Transcript of 44 Presidents
Died July 31st 1875 Elizabethton, Tennessee He finished out Abraham Lincoln's term Johnson was a Democrat/National Union/No Party Born December 29th 1809 in Raleigh North Carolina President from 1865 to 1869 Andrew was almost impeached in 1868 but never got the 51 votes from the House of Rep. There was no Vice President when he was President First Lady was Eliza McCardle Johnson The Reconstruction Era occurs. The Reconstruction Era was the period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union While Johnson was President... Andrew Johnson was buried with an American Flag and a copy of the Constitution Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 18 Hiram Ulysses Simpson Grant Born April 27th 1822 in Point Pleasant Ohio U.S Grant was a Solider before he was President He was a Republican Died July 23rd 1885 in Wilton New York President from 1869 to 1877 While President, Schuyler Colfax and Henry Wilson were VP First Lady was Julie Boggs Dent Grant Nickname was "Unconditional Surrender" The Panic of 1873 was a financial crisis that caused a severe international economic depression in both Europe and the United States that lasted until 1879, and even longer in some countries. The depression was known as the "Great Depression" until the 1930s, but is sometimes now known as the Long Depression. The panic was caused by the fall in demand for silver around the world, which followed Germany's decision to abandon the silver standard in the wake of the Franco-Prussian war. While Grant was President... U.S Grant has the largest tomb stone in North America Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 19 Rutherford B Hayes Born October 4, 1822 in Delaware, Ohio Hayes was a lawyer before he was president Died January 17th 1893 in Fremont Ohio Rutherford was a Republican President from 1877 to 1881 No States entered the Union while President While Hayes was President, William A. Wheeler was VP First Lady was Lucy Ware Webb Hayes The Compromise of 1877 occurs. Was an unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, and ended Reconstruction in the South. While Hayes was President... Rutherford B. Hayes was the first person to use a telephone. His number was 1. Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 20 James A.Garfield Born November 19th 1831 in Moreland Hills Ohio Garfield was assassinated by a Stalwart James was a Republican Died September 19th 1881 in Elberon New Jersey He was President from 1881 to 1881 While President, Chester Alan Arthur was VP First Lady was Lucretia Rudolph Garfield The biggest thing that happened during Garfield's 7 month term was his death. Before Garfield died, Charles Guiteau said to him "I am a Stalwart, Arthur is President now." Which is why people thought Arthur had something to do with the murder While Garfield was President... James A. Garfield could write with both of his hands at the same time in different languages. Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 21 Chester Alan Arthur Born October 5th 1830 in Fairfield Vermont Arthur only had one term Chester was a Republican Died November 18th 1886 in Menands New York President from 1881 to 1885 He did not have a Vice President while in office First Lady was Elle Herndon Arthur No state enter the Union while president The Chinese Exclusion Act occurs. The Chinese Exclusion Act was a United States federal law signed by Chester A. Arthur on May 6, 1882, after the revisions were made in 1880 to the Burlingame Treaty of 1868. The revisions allowed the U.S. to suspend Chinese immigration supposedly to last 10 years. This law was repealed by the Magnuson Act on December 17, 1943. While Arthur was President... Chester A. Arthur got the nickname "Elegant Arthur" because his clothes were so expensive and he was very well dressed Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 22 Grover Cleveland Born March 18th 1837 in Cladwell New Jersey Cleveland was the only "Win, Lose, Win" president Grover was a Democrat Died June 24th 1908 in Princeton New Jersey President from 1885 to 1889 No state entered the Union while he was President While President, Thomas A. Hendricks was VP First Lady was Frances Folsom Cleveland France gifted us with the Statue of Liberty on Ellis Island in New York City While Cleveland was President... Grover Cleveland was the first and only President to get married in the White House Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 23 Benjamin Harrison Born August 20th 1833 in North Bend Ohio Harrison was the President who divided Grover Cleveland's 2 terms He was a Republican Died March 13th 1901 in Indianapolis Indiana President from 1889 to 1893 Montana, Washington, South Dakota, North Dakota, Wyoming, and Idaho entered the union while he was President While President, Levy P. Morton was VP First Lady was Caroline Lavinia Scott Harrison Electricity was installed in the White House While Harrison was President... Even though electricity was installed in the White House, Benjamin Harrison was afraid of electricity Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 24 Grover Cleveland Born March 18th 1837 in Caldwell New Jersey This was his 2nd separate term as President He was a Republican Died June 24th 1908 in Princeton New Jersey President from 1893 to 1897 While President, Adlai Stevenson Sr. was VP First Lady was Frances Folsom Cleveland The Panic of 1893 occurs. The Panic of 1893 was a serious economic crisis/depression. It was like the Panic of 1873. It was marked by the collapse of railroad overbuilding and shaky railroad financing, resulting in many bank failures. While Cleveland was President... Grover Cleveland was the legal guardian to the girl he later married Did You Know... WHO AM I ? President number 25 William McKinley The Spanish-American war occurs. The Spanish-American war was a problem in 1898 between America and Spain for Americans for interfering in the Cuban War of Independence While McKinley was President... William McKinley's portrait was printed on the $500 bill which was last printed in 1934 Did You Know... Born January 29th 1843 in Niles Ohio He was a Republican Died September 14th 1901 in Buffalo New York President from 1897 to 1801 No states entered the Union while President While President, Garret Hobart and Theodore Roosevelt were VP First Lady was Ida Saxton McKinley WHO AM I ? Theodore Roosevelt President number 26 Born October 27th 1858 in New York City, New York Theodore was one of the top 5 presidents He was a Republican Roosevelt died Jauary 6th 1919 in Oyster Bay, New York He was President from 1901 to 1909 We gathered the name "Teddy Bear" from president Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt While he was president, Charles W. Fairbanks was VP While Roosevelt was President... He won the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russo-Japanese war. First Lady was Edith Kermit Carow Did You Know... Theodore Roosevelt lost the sight in one of his eyes while boxing in the White House WHO AM I ? William Howard Taft President number 27 Born September 15th 1857 in Cincinnati Ohio First President to become Chief Justice of the U.S Supreme Court He was a Republican Died March 8th 1930 in Washington DC President from 1909 to 1913 New Mexico and Arizona entered the Union while President While President, James S. Sherman was VP First Lady was Helen "Nellie" Herron Taft While Taft was President... The Sixteenth Amendment was Ratified. The Amendment said that people couldn't send things into the United States without being taxed. Did You Know... William Taft was tone deaf and had to be nudged whenever the National Anthem was played WHO AM I ? Woodrow Wilson President number 28 Born December 28th 1856 in Staunton Virginia He was a Democrat Died February 3rd 1924 in Washington DC President from 1913 to 1921 While President, Thomas R. Marshall was VP While Wilson was President... The Treaty of Versailles was signed by President Wilson. The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty to end World War I. First Lady(s) were Ellen Louise Axson Wilson (died in 1914) but he re-married Edith Bolling Galt Wilson a year and a half later Did You Know... Woodrow Wilson dreamed of being on stage WHO AM I ? Warren G Harding President number 29 Born November 2nd 1865 in Blooming Grove Ohio He was a Republican Died August 2nd 1923 of a blood clot in his brain in San Francisco California President from 1921 to 1923 While President, Calvin Coolidge was VP First Lady was Florence Kling DeWolfe Harding While Harding was President... The Teapot Dome Scandal occurs. The Teapot Dome Scandal was a bribery situation that took place in the United States from 1922–1923, under Warren G. Harding's Presidency. Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall opened Navy petroleum reserves at Teapot Dome and two other locations to keep private oil companies at low rates without competitive bidding. In 1922 and 1923, the leases became the main target of an investigation by Senator Thomas J. Walsh. Fall was later convicted of accepting bribes from the oil companies. Did You Know... Warren G. Harding lost White House China playing Poker WHO AM I ? John Calvin Coolidge President number 30 While Coolidge was President... The Kellogg-Briand Pact occurs. The Kellogg-Briand Pact was a international agreement in 1928 that which signed states promised not to use war to resolve "conflicts of whatever nature or of whatever origin they may be, which may happen among them". States that didn't obey this promise "should be denied the benefits furnished by this treaty". It was signed by Germany, France and the United States on August 27, 1928, and by other nations soon after. Sponsored by France and the U.S. the Pact renounced the use of war, promoted peaceful settlement of disputes, and called for collective force to prevent aggression. Did You Know... Calvin Coolidge loved having his head rubbed with Vaseline while he ate breakfast in bed. Born July 4th 1872 in Plymouth Notch Vermont Campaign Slogan was "Keep Cool with Coolidge" He was a Republican Died January 5th 1933 in Northampton Massachusetts President from 1923 to 1929 Coolidge finished out Harding's term then became elected for his own term While President, Charles G. Dawns was VP First Lady was Grace Anna Goodhue WHO AM I ? Herbert Hoover President number 31 While Hoover was President... The Lame Duck Amendment was Ratified. The Lame Duck Amendment also known as The 20th Amendment is referred to as the "Lame Duck Amendment" because it shortened the amount of time between election and inauguration for elected officials, and eliminated the "lame duck session" of Congress. Did You Know... Herbert Hoover spoke to his wife in Chinese to keep stories private Born August 10th 1874 in West Branch Iowa Known as 'The Worst President" He was a Republican Died October 20th 1964 in New York, New York President from1929 to 1933 It was said that a Vacuum (hoover vacuum) was named after him because he sucked up the country While President, Charles Curtis was VP First Lady was Lou Henry Hoover WHO AM I ? WHO AM I ? WHO AM I ? Dwight D. Eisenhower President number 34 While Eisenhower was President... The Eisenhower Doctrine occurs. The Eisenhower Doctrine refers to a speech by President Dwight David Eisenhower on January 5th 1957, within a "Special Message to the Congress on the Situation in the Middle East". Under the Eisenhower Doctrine, a country could request American economic assistance and/or aid from U.S. military forces if it was being threatened by armed aggression from another state. Did You Know... Dwight D. Eisenhower almost had his leg amputated Harry S. Truman President number 33 While Truman was President... The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagaski occurs. The bombing was caused by the United States in the last stages of World War II in 1945. The bombing killed 500,000 people in 30 minutes Did You Know... Harry S. Truman was a failed Haberdasher. Franklin D. Roosevelt President number 32 While Roosevelt was President... The 21st Amendment- Repeal of Prohibition. Meaning the 21st amendment stopped the 18th amendment which made Alcohol illegal . So alcohol was made legal Did You Know... Franklin D. Roosevelt's mother dressed him in dresses until he was 5. Born January 30th 1822 in Hyde Park, New York He was considered the #1 president He was a Democrat Died April 12th 1945 in Warm Springs, Georgia President from 1933 to 1945 Franklin was the only President to get 4 consecutive terms While President, John Nance Garner, Henry A. Wallace, and Harry S. Truman were VP First Lady was Eleanor Roosevelt Roosevelt Born May 8th 1884 in Lamar Missouri He finished out Roosevelt's 4th term and became reelected He was a Democrat Died December 26th 1972 in Kansas City Missouri President from 1945 to 1953 While Truman was President, Alben W. Barkely was VP First Lady was Elizabeth "Bess"Virginia Wallace Truman Born October 14th 1890 in Denison Texas He was a Republican Died March 28th 1969 in Walter Reed General Hospital Washington DC President from 1953 to 1961 The month President's took office changed from March to January While President, Richard Nixon was VP First Lady was Marie "Mamie"Geneva Doud Eisenhower Alaska and Hawaii were the last 2 states to enter the Union WHO AM I ? WHO AM I ? President number 35 While Kennedy was President... The Bay of Pigs occurs. The Bay of Pigs was an failed mission by a CIA-trained force of Cuban exiles to invade southern Cuba, with help from the US government, in an attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro. The invasion was launched in April of 1961, three months after John F. Kennedy assumed the presidency in the United States. The Cuban armed forces, trained by Eastern Bloc nations, defeated the invading combatants within three days. Did You Know... He was a speed reader, reading 1,200 words per minute John F Kennedy Born May 29th 1917 in Brookline Massachusetts Known as the womanizing President for his scandal affair with Marylin Monroe He was a Democrat Died November 22nd 1963 in Dallas Texas President from 1961 to 1963 While President, Lyndon B Johnson was VP First Lady was Jaqueline L. Bouvier Kennedy WHO AM I ? Lyndon B. Johnson Born August 27th 1908 in Stonewall Texas While Johnson was President... The Civil Rights Act occurs. The Civil Rights Act was a big act passed legislation in the United States that made it against the law to discriminate against racial, ethnic, national and religious minorities, and women. It stopped unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation in schools, at the workplace and by facilities that served the general public Did You Know... Lyndon B. Johnson rejected his portrait, saying that it was ”the ugliest thing he ever saw.” President number 36 Was never elected for his own term. He finished out President Kennedy's term He was a Democrat Died January 22nd 1973 in Stonewall Texas President from 1963 to 1969 While President, Hubert Humphrey was VP First Lady was Claudia Alta "Lady Bird" Taylor Johnson WHO AM I ? Richard M. Nixon President number 37 While Nixon was President... The Break-in at Watergate occurs in 1972. The Break-in at Watergate was a political scandal that happened under Nixon's presidency. It was a June 1972 break-in at the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and the Nixon administration's attempted cover-up of its involvement. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) connected cash found on the burglars to a slush fund used by the Committee for the Re-Election of the President, a fundraising group for the Nixon campaign. In July 1973, as evidence mounted against the president's staff, including testimony provided by former staff members in an investigation conducted by the Senate Watergate Committee, it was revealed that President Nixon had a tape-recording system in his offices and he had recorded many conversations. Recordings from these tapes implicated the president, revealing he had attempted to cover up the break-in. After a protracted series of bitter court battles, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the president had to hand over the tapes to government investigators; he ultimately complied. Did You Know... Nixon joined the US Navy after Pearl Harbor was attacked and he rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander Born January 9th 1913 in Yorba Linda California The first and only President that resigned He was a Republican Died April 22nd 1994 in New York City President from 1969 to 1974 His first Vice President, Spiro Agnew quits in 1973 While Nixon was president, Spiro Agnew and Gerald Ford were VP First Lady was Thelma Catherine "Pat" Ryan Nixon WHO AM I ? Gerald Ford President number 38 While Ford was President... The Helsinki Agreement occurs. The Helsinki Agreement is a declaration adopted by 35 sovereign states in 1975. The declaration focused on improving the relations between Communist governments and the Western world, with a goal of reducing Cold War tensions. Did You Know... Gerald Ford held is daughter's prom at the White House. WHO AM I ? Jimmy Carter President number 39 While Carter was President... The Iran Hostage Crisis occurs. The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States in which 52 Americans were held hostage for 452 days from November 4, 1979, to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamist students and militants took over the American Embassy in Tehran in support of the Iranian Revolution. President Carter called the hostages "victims of terrorism and anarchy", adding that the "United States will not yield to blackmail. But it was said to be a scandal or haux because the day after Ronald Reagan was elected, the hostages were let go. Did You Know... Jimmy Carter was a peanut farmer WHO AM I ? Ronald Reagan President number 40 While Reagan was President... Sandra Day O'Connor was named the first woman Supreme Court justice. Did You Know... Ronald Reagan did Stand-up comedy Born July 14th 1913 in Omaha Nebraska He was the President with "NO TERM" because he was never elected to be President or Vice President He was a Republican Died December 26th 2006 in Ranch Mirage California He was the only president who was attempted to be assassinated by a woman While President, Nelson Rockefeller was VP First Lady was Elizabeth Anne Bloomer Ford Born October 1 1924 in Plains Georgia He is still ALIVE ! He IS a Democrat President from 1977 to 1981 While President, Walter Mondale was VP First Lady was Elanor Rosalynn Smith Carter Born February 6th 1911 in Tampico Illinois Ronald Reagan was in a movie He was a republican Died June 5th 2004 in Los Angeles California President from 1981 to 1989 While President, George H. W. Bush was VP First Lady was Nancy Davis Reagan WHO AM I ? George H. W. Bush President number 41 While Bush was President... The Americans with Disabilities Act was passed. It affords similar protections against discrimination to Americans with disabilities as the Civil Rights Act of 1964,which made discrimination based on race, religion, sex, national origin, and other characteristics illegal. Did You Know... George H. W. Bush survived 4 plane crashes in WWII Born July 24th 1924 in Milton Massachusetts He is still alive He is a Republican President from 1989 to 1993 While President, Dan Quayle was VP First Lady was Barbara Pierce Bush WHO AM I ? William Jefferson Clinton President number 42 While Clinton was President... He was tried for Impeachment for having an affair with Monica Lewinsky but was never impeached Did You Know... Bill Clinton is a 2 time grammy winner Born April 19th 1946 in Hope Arkansas He was President when an terrorist attempt on the world trade center occurs He is a Democrat He is still alive President from 1993 to 2001 While President, Al Gore was VP First Lady was Hillary Diane Rodham Clinton WHO AM I ? George W. Bush President number 43 While Bush was President... 9/11 occurs. 9/11 was a tragic terrorist attack from Osama Bin Laden and his people over in the middle east. 2 planes carrying about 50+ passengers crashes in the front and the back of the twin towers in New York city. Killing thousands of Americans. On September 11th 2001 the nation was shook to the core. To this day on September 11th of every year, we honor those lost lives of the American people. Did You Know... George W. Bush was a cheerleader WHO AM I ? President Barack Hussein Obama Current President number 44 Since Barack Has Been President... Osama Bin Laden was killed by 4 members of the US military. Barack Obama sent in 4 members of the US military to ambush, kill, and dispose of his body. Right now, it is believed that Osama's body was dropped into the Pacific Ocean and has been there since he was killed. Did You Know... Barack Obama is a comic book nerd Born July 6th 1946 in New Haven Connecticut He IS still alive He is a Republican President from 2001 to 2009 While President, Dick Chaney was VP First Lady was Laura Webb Clinton Born August 4th 1961 in Honolulu Hawaii He is the first black president on record He is a Democrat He is still alive President from 2009 to Now While president, the current Vice President is Joe Biden First Lady is Michelle Obama Governor of Illinois While Monroe was President... The Convention of 1818 occurs. The Convention of 1818 was a border between the U.S. and Canada at 49 degrees North, allowed America to use the fisheries in both Newfoundland and Labrador, and established a joint occupancy of the Oregon Territory between the U.S. and Britain. The End