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1st Amendment and Limits on Rights
Transcript of 1st Amendment and Limits on Rights
Freedom of RELIGION
Freedom of SPEECH
Freedom of THE PRESS
Right to PETITION
RIGHTS of the ACCUSED
in the COLD WAR
The Eisenhower Years
The Kennedy Years
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
J. Edgar Hoover
Eisenhower's farewell speech: the "military-industrial complex"
"Ask not what your country can do for you"
Attack on organized crime: Robert F. Kennedy
Cuban Missile Crisis
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Mutual Assured Destruction
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
1963 Kennedy assassination
Lee Harvey Oswald
U.S. moon landing
Free Exercise Clause
"Clear and Present Danger"
...of spreading Communism
...of a nuclear attack
Government cannot set up a national religion.
Government cannot interfere in American's free exercise of their religion.
"Engel v. Vitale" (1962)
for Persons Accused of a Crime
Arrest on warrant or
No unreasonable searches or siezure
Informed of rights
to counsel and to
No third degree or
Grand jury or
Writ of habeas corpus
if illegally detained
in the 1950s
What is a "Red Scare"?
When Americans feared that communists would take over the U.S.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
U.S. law enforcement agency
H.U.A.C. and F.B.I. worked together
F.B.I. broke U.S. law
Illegally invaded people's privacy
Illegally tapped phone lines
Puts bugs - hidden microphones in home/offices of suspected communists
Soviet Union took control of Eastern Europe
- ealier red scare in the 1920s
Why called the "new" red scare?
...U.S. Senators and Representatives
...to go after spies
and people who might give military secrets to the enemy
But, the committee
often went much further...
...Instead of focusing on spies, H.U.A.C. worked to completely destroy communism in the U.S.
H.U.A.C. went TOO FAR
in the 1950s
Searches or Arrests
Civil Rights Movement
'See It Now': March 9, 1954
Web Exclusive: Watch a replay of the famous broadcast of Edward Murrow's "See It Now" program that aired on March 9, 1954. This broadcast contributed to the downfall of Sen. Joseph McCarthy.
Who am I?
Groups I belong to
LEADER of the FREE WORLD
Believe what you want, but...
your actions must follow the law
"Reynolds v. U.S."
No government prayers
No religious exercises
"Schenck v. United States"
"Gitlow v. New York"
But what can throw this balance out of whack?
Group Research Projects
Segregation and Desegregation
1960s and Social Activism
Middle East and oil Politics
China and the Cold War
Americans Lose Faith in Government
HUAC and Civil Liberties
Native American Movement