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1st Amendment and Limits on Rights

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by

Christine Nyback

on 19 August 2015

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Transcript of 1st Amendment and Limits on Rights

1st Amendment Freedoms
Freedom of RELIGION
Freedom of SPEECH
Freedom of THE PRESS
Right to PETITION
Freedom to
Peacefully ASSEMBLE
RIGHTS of the ACCUSED
Due Process
Baby Boom
V.
Civil
Liberties
National
SECURITY
Conformity
The Suburbs
Tract Housing
Prosperity
AMERICA
in the COLD WAR

McCarthyism
The Eisenhower Years
The Kennedy Years
Space Exploration
H.U.A.C.
"witch hunts"
Hollywood Blacklist
Spy Cases
Alger Hiss
Julius and Ethel Rosenberg
Secret Operations
C.I.A.
F.B.I.
counterespionage
J. Edgar Hoover
U-2 Incident
Soviet Satellite
"Sputnik I"
"Missile Gap"
Yuri Gagarin
Eisenhower's farewell speech: the "military-industrial complex"
"Ask not what your country can do for you"
Attack on organized crime: Robert F. Kennedy
Cuban Missile Crisis
Fidel Castro
Bay of Pigs Invasion
Nuclear deterrence
Mutual Assured Destruction
M.A.D.
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
1963 Kennedy assassination
Lee Harvey Oswald
Warren Commission
U.S. moon landing
Neil Armstrong
Establishment Clause
Free Exercise Clause
"Clear and Present Danger"
Limits
Libel
Slander
...of spreading Communism
...of a nuclear attack
China
North Korea
A-Bomb
H-Bomb
ARMS RACE
...of spies
Alger Hiss
Rosenbergs
Government cannot set up a national religion.
Government cannot interfere in American's free exercise of their religion.
"Engel v. Vitale" (1962)
Constitutional Protections
for Persons Accused of a Crime
Arrest on warrant or
probable cause
No unreasonable searches or siezure
Informed of rights
to counsel and to
remain silent
No third degree or
coerced confession
Grand jury or
prosecutor weighs
evidence
Writ of habeas corpus
if illegally detained
American Life
in the 1950s

VOCABULARY
Values
Identity
Consumer Culture
Stability
Economy
Red Scare
F.B.I.
Eastern Europe
I.C.B.M.
A New
Red Scare

What is a "Red Scare"?
When Americans feared that communists would take over the U.S.
F.B.I.
Federal Bureau of Investigation
U.S. law enforcement agency
H.U.A.C. and F.B.I. worked together
F.B.I. broke U.S. law
Illegally invaded people's privacy
Illegally tapped phone lines
Puts bugs - hidden microphones in home/offices of suspected communists
When?
Why?
after WWII
Soviet Union took control of Eastern Europe
- ealier red scare in the 1920s
Why called the "new" red scare?
H.U.A.C.
House Un-American
Activities Committee
Created by?
...Congress
Members?
...U.S. Senators and Representatives
Purpose?
...to go after spies
and people who might give military secrets to the enemy
National Security
But, the committee
often went much further...
...Instead of focusing on spies, H.U.A.C. worked to completely destroy communism in the U.S.
H.U.A.C. went TOO FAR
"Salami Tactics"
Civil Liberties
in the 1950s

4th Amendment
5th Amendment
6th Amendment
7th Amendment
No Unreasonable
Searches or Arrests
Civil Rights Movement
http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=1065699n
'See It Now': March 9, 1954
Web Exclusive: Watch a replay of the famous broadcast of Edward Murrow's "See It Now" program that aired on March 9, 1954. This broadcast contributed to the downfall of Sen. Joseph McCarthy.
Who am I?
Beliefs
Values
Groups I belong to
family
upbringing
Goals
Culture
Heritage
American Identity
values
LEADER of the FREE WORLD
Patriotism
new products
FEAR
Limits
Believe what you want, but...
your actions must follow the law
"Reynolds v. U.S."
No government prayers
No religious exercises
in schools
Limits
"Schenck v. United States"
"Gitlow v. New York"
But what can throw this balance out of whack?
Group Research Projects
Segregation and Desegregation
1960s and Social Activism
Middle East and oil Politics
China and the Cold War
Vietnam War
Americans Lose Faith in Government
Anti-war Movement
Pentagon Papers
Watergate Scandal
HUAC and Civil Liberties
Latino Movement
Women's Movement
Native American Movement
Full transcript