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The 1950's

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by

Keely Simpson

on 23 August 2016

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Transcript of The 1950's

Introduction
The world had been at war through
much of the 1940's. The 1950's
bought peace and saw the United
Stated emerge as the new
world leader. Fears of communism
helped to fan the winds of change.
Europe in the 1950's
The scars of war were healing.
West Germany recovered by hard work.
Italy advanced in films, fashion and design.
Spain started to benefit from tourism.
France struggled due to weak governments and wars in colonies such as Algeria.
Asia and Africa
Political changes in Asia and Africa lead the to assassination of leaders in Jordan, Pakistan, Iraq and Sri Lanka.

Tunisia, Ghana and Singapore were amongst those countries who became independent.
Music
The 1950's saw popular music begin to turn into 'pop'. By the end of the decade Rock'n'Roll was to reign supreme.

Frank Sinatra replaced Bing Crosby as America's highest paid singer.

Lightweight record players could transform a school hall into a dance hall and allowed teens to access music in their own rooms.
Rock'n'Roll
In 1955, Rock Around the Clock stayed at the top of the charts for 5 months.

Johnny O'Keefe topped the Australian charts.

Buddy Holly and Richie Valens died in a plane crash at the height of their fame.
Fashion
Only two social groups cared about fashion in the 1950's - the wealthy and the working younger generation.

The wealthy dressed in designs from Paris, middle class girls still dressed to look like their mothers, wearing hats, gloves and pearls.
Communism

By 1950, Russian-backed communist parties had seized power throughout eastern Europe.
Korea was divided and the communist north tried to take the south by force.
China was firmly communist at this time.
Film and Theatre
In the 1950's most people still thought of films as entertainment. Intellectuals saw films as "art".

Australian film makers were mainly concerned with documentary's.

The Elizabethan Theatre Trust was formed to encourage the production of original Australian theatre material.
The 1950's
Australia in the 1950's
Australia enjoyed much success under the leadership of Menzies.

There were plenty of jobs and more
than a million migrants had moved to Australia by the end of the decade.

Fashion for the young
Young working people looked to
America for fashion. Their ideas came from cinema and magazines.
They bought blue jeans, check shirts, sloppy sweaters and suede shoes.
Bodgies and Widgies
Bodgies and Widgies refer to a youth subculture that existed in Australia and New Zealand in the 1950s, similar to the rocker culture in the UK or Greaser culture in the United States. Most Bodgies rode motorbikes but some had cars a lot of the ones with cars had hotted up cars e.g. mag wheels hot dog muffler etc. .

The males were called Bodgies and the females were called Widgies.

Growing Up
More people could afford to own cars and were better - travelled.

Cafes selling 'espresso' became the teenage equivalent of the pub.

Drive in movies were popular in warmer climates.
Sport
Melbourne was the host city for the 1956 summer Olympic games.

In 1954 Roger Bannister became the first man to run a mile in under 4 minutes.

Herb Elliot set new world records in the mile and 1500 metres.

Australia dominated tennis with 8 Davis Cup victories and many winners at Wimbledon.
Full transcript