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Transcript of Mary Shelley
Romantic Era (1800-1850)
In the 19th century, London became the largest city and capital of the British Empire rising from a population of 1 million people to 6.7 milion a century later.
It became a global political, financial, trading capital.
As it kept growing, London was also a city of poverty where millions lived in overcrowded and unsanitary slums.
Guadalupe Orozco & Maylen Diaz
Themes and Ideas
"Mary Shelley Biography." Mary Shelley Biography. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
"Early Romantic Era (1800-1850)." Get Into Classical. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Dec. 2013.
"Romanticism (late 1700s-mid 1800s)." Scholastic Publishes Literacy Resources and Children's Books for Kids of All Ages. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2013.
"Mary Shelley." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 14 Dec. 2013. Web. 15 Dec. 2013.
"Frankenstein." Literature.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 18 Dec. 2013.
"A Night Scene." - Webofmind. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Dec. 2013.
Mary Shelley was born August 30, 1797 in London, England.
She was an English novelist, short story writer, dramatist, essayist, & biographer.
She was the daughter of two great intellectual rebels: her father, William Godwin, a political philosopher, and her mother, Mary Wollstonecraft, a philosopher and a feminist.
11 days after her birth, her mother, died of puerperal fever.
At age 54, she died of brain cancer on February 1, 1851.
Music was now at a turning point from classical to Romantic.
Composers did not care about their poems or works being technically perfect. They cared more about expressing their feelings.
Beethoven was one of the first composers that inspired the generation to transition from classical to romantic leading into the romanticism era.
Although Mary never received a formal education, her father tutored her in a broad range of subjects & often took the her on educational outings.
Mary, nonetheless, received an unusual & advanced education for a girl of the time. She had a governess, a daily tutor, and read many of her father's children's books on Roman and Greek history in manuscript.
Her father described her as "singularly bold, somewhat imperious, and active of mind. Her desire of knowledge is great, and her perseverance in everything she undertakes almost invincible."
In June 1812, her father sent her to live with the radical, William Baxter, and his family, near Dundee, Scotland. The dunes, the beach, and the barren hills near Dundee inspired Mary, and she would later describe this scenery in her novella
(written in 1819-1820).
On her return to London in November 1812, Mary met for the first time Godwin's new, young, and wealthy disciple, Percy Bysshe Shelley. Percy, at the time, was unhappily married & so he fell in love with Mary. Unfortunately, Godwin found out out of their relationship & forbade him from seeing Mary. Despite Godwin's disapproval, the couple secretly left from England & got married in 1816.
Mary also had access to the many intellectuals who visited her father, including the Romantic poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Charles Lamb, William Wordsworth and the former vice-president of the United States, Aaron Burr.
Mary would often listen to their conversations on political, philosophical, scientific, or literary ideals.
The couple lived an adverturous life traveling all over Europe.
They both never held real jobs and always struggled financially.
Mary gave birth to four children by Percy, only one of whom survived adulthood, named Percy Florence.
In 1822, Percy died while sailing on his schooner ‘Don Juan’ when a sudden storm blew up & sank it.
Mary devoted herself to publishing all of Percy's works and to raising their only child.
Mary & Percy's Relationship
Themes and Ideas
allowed them to express their emotions throughout the poem or writing.
Artists were free to pursue their creativity without worrying about the demands of society.
Would take away the image of the corruption of society.
To symbolize a dark side they would use storms and fire.
Many incorporated imagination and nature to escape from this world and be in another.
Past: the past theme expresses a distant,exotic, and mysterious setting.
It transforms from the supernatural to the real and imaginary lands of long ago and far away.
It is a way of rediscovering heritage of the middle ages. Folk Songs
Gothic/ Dark Romantic Era
sin, guilt, madness, tragic fate, revenge
example: Edgar Allen Poe
In 1829 the prime minister Robert Peel established the Metropolitan Police as a police force covering the urban area.
nickname of "bobbies" or "peelers" named after Robert Peel.
London had a very chaotic local government made up of ancient parishes and vestries and a few members of a board and authorities.
The Metropolitan Board of Works was then established to maintain the growth of population from becoming a problem.
19th century London was transformed by the coming of the railways. A new network of metropolitan railways allowed for the development of suburbs in other countries.
The Great Stink
Summer of 1858 where the smell of untreated human waste and sewage from other activities was very strong in central London.
The introduction of flush toilets caused the volume and waste to increase and overflow in the cesspits (sewage system)
Many got Cholera
A Night Scene by Mary Shelley
Major Literary Works
Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus (1818),
her most famous novel.
The Last Man (1826)
The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck (1830)
Themes & Ideas
"Shall each man," cried he, "find a wife for his bosom, and each beast have his mate, and I be alone? I had feelings of affection, and they were requited by detestation and scorn. Man! you may hate; but beware! your hours will pass in dread and misery, and soon the bolt will fall which must ravish from you your happiness for ever. Are you to be happy while I grovel in the intensity of my wretchedness? I may die; but first you, my tyrant and tormentor, shall curse the sun that gazes on your misery. Beware; for I am fearless, and therefore powerful. I will watch with the wiliness of a snake, that I may sting with its venom. Man, you shall repent of the injuries you inflict."
"Devil, cease; and do not poison the air with these sounds of malice. I have declared my resolution to you, and I am no coward to bend beneath words. Leave me; I am inexorable."
"It is well. I go; but remember, I shall be with you on your wedding-night."
(Quoted in Chapter 16)