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Let's Talk About Sex

Abstinence Only vs Comprehensive Sex Education

Hannah Horsfall

on 9 May 2014

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Transcript of Let's Talk About Sex

Let's Talk About Sex
Now let's test what you actually learned in high school
Question #2
What form(s) of contraception provide protection against STI's?
Question #1
How long can it take for HIV to show up as positive on a test?
Question #3
How many types of sexuality are there?
Question #4
What is gender identity?
Question #5
Approximately how many teens in the United States contract an STI each day?
Question #6
Approximately how many teens in the United States get pregnant each day?
a) Birth Control Pills
b) Condoms
c) IUDs
d) Diaphragms
So what kind of sex education did you guys have in high school, if any?
Did you know...
*In the USA only 22 states require sex education

*Of these 22 states only 17 require information on contraceptives

*Of those 17 only 12 require the information to be medically accurate

Common Myths
You can't get get pregnant if...
*it's your first time
*if he pulls out
*if you do it in water
*if she jumps up and
down afterward
*if she's on top
*if he drinks 2L of Mountain Dew before sex
*if she sneezes at least 15 times after sex
*if she is on her period
56,000 people contract HIV each year
If you have HIV that does not mean that you have AIDS
HIV attacks CD4 cells, and only once they fall bellow 200 is AIDS diagnosed.
Answer: Condoms
More Myths
When used correctly condoms are 98% effective at preventing pregnancy

Condoms and dental dams are the only methods that protect you against STIs
Answer: It can take up to 6 months for an HIV test to show a positive result if you are infected
The 7 types of sexuality are...
Heterosexuality, Homosexuality, Bisexuality, Asexuality, Polysexuality, Pansexuality, and Transexualism
Answer: a person's innate, deeply felt psychological identification as male or female, which may or may not correspond to the person's body or designated sex at birth
A person's sexual orientation is different from one's gender identity
Answer: Approximately 10,000 teens contract an STI each day or 3.65 million teens per year
Answer: Approximately 2,400 teens per day or 1 million teens per year
Last Question
What is consent?
Hint: this one is a bit tricky
Consent IS
Consent IS NOT
*Both parties mutually agree
and want to have sex
*No fear
*The absence of a "no"
*"I'm not sure" or "I don't know"
*She's dressed like a slut
*Consent once does not mean consent always
*Passed out or unconscious
So what's the point?
Sex Education makes a difference
Different programs teach different information and the two main programs are:

*Abstinence-Only Sex Education
*Comprehensive Sex Education

Abstinence-Only Sex Education
*promotes abstinence
*fear based
*does not talk about contraception use
*avoids discussion of abortion
*does not acknowledge that many teens are and will become sexually active

Comprehensive Sex Education
*promotes abstinence from sex
*acknowledges that teens may become sexually active
*teaches about correct contraception use
*discusses abortion
*discusses the risks of STIs and HIV
*discusses sexuality and healthy relationship skills

What the research and science says...
Testing sites can be anonymous if you are afraid of other people's opinion about your decision to get tested
Some clinics require an appointment other clinics called "drop in clinics" allow you to just show up.
Tests usually require blood samples or saliva samples, usually results take 1-2 weeks.
Supporters of Abstinence-Only
Supporters of Comprehensive
*having sex before marriage is inappropriate and immoral
*information about sex leads to early sexual activity:
"monkey see monkey do"
*sex should be put in the same category as drugs and alcohol
*providing information about contraception allows teens to make choices about their health and sexuality
*sex is natural part of life and a health component of relationships
*adolescents should be encouraged to delay sex until they are physically, cognitively, and emotionally prepared for the potential consequences
*abstinence only education runs the risk of leaving adolescence uninformed and alienated
*whether or not teens have sex is influenced strongly by social cues outside of the classroom
*there are no studies that have produced conclusive data about the success of abstinence only education lowering the contraction of STIs and teen pregnancy
*studies on comprehensive education show a delay in the onset of sex, as well as a decrease in frequency and number of partners
*You can't get an STI if you use Birth Control
*Sex in hot tubs prevents STIs
*The pull out method prevents pregnancy and STIs
*Condoms can be reused
*Girls can share birth control pills
*Vaseline is a good lubricant
*you can't get an STI from oral
*You can get pregnant from kissing
*some condoms are just too small
Collins, Chris, M.P.P, Priya Alagiri, J.D., Todd Summers, and Stephen F. Morin, Ph. D. Abstinence Only Vs. Comprehensive Sex Education. Rep. University of California, San Francisco, Mar. 2002. Web. 01 Nov. 2013.

"Facts on American Teens' Sexual and Reproductive Health." Facts on American Teens' Sexual and Reproductive Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2013.

Foucault, Michel, and Robert Hurley. A History of Sexuality Vol 1. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1990. Print.

Let's Talk About Sex. Dir. James Houston. Prod. Neal Weisman. Perf. James Houston. 2011. Netflix.

Santelli, John S., MD, Laura D. Lindberg, PhD, Lawrence B. Finer, PhD, and Susheela Singh, PhD. "Explaining Recent Declines in
Adolescent Pregnancy in the United States: The Contribution of Abstinence and Improved Contraceptive Use." NCBI. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Nov. 2013.

Sex Positive. Dir. Laci Green. Perf. Laci Green. Youtube. Youtube, n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2013.

SIECUS. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2013.

State Policies in Brief: Sex and HIV Education. Issue brief. Guttmacher Institute, 1 Jan. 2013. Web. 03 Nov. 2013.

"The Truth About Abstinence-Only Programs." The Truth About Abstinence-Only Programs. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Nov. 2013.

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