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Louis Riel

By: Mulki A. & Angela L.
by

Mulki A.

on 30 April 2013

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Transcript of Louis Riel

Louis Riel By: Angela L. Mulki.A. Background of Louis Riel Cont. Early Years Family cont. Childhood Louis Riel Execution & Trial In 1857, a young boy named Louis Riel left his home on the prairies bound for Montreal. This 13-year-old boy was chosen by a local bishop Alexandre-Antonin Taché, as a candidate for the priesthood and sent to study at the prestigious Collge de Montréal. At the time, Canada was still a decade away from union and few would suspect that the young boy from the prairies would grow up to help shape the new nation, becoming the father of Manitoba. The big city of Montreal was a long way from Riel's childhood home in the Red River settlement. Founded in 1812, Red River was the first European farming settlement on the prairie. By the mid-1800s, it was a thriving region of European farmers, fur-traders and Métis - the offspring of white traders and natives. Riel's family was Catholic, French-speaking Métis. At the Collge de Montréal, Riel's exotic background fascinated his classmates. "He knew about pemmican and the tomahawk," classmate Eustache Prud'Homme said, recalling Riel's stories of the exotic west. Riel, the oldest son, took charge of his family and shortly took on a much larger leadership role. Like his father, Riel became a spokesman for the Métis. His prairie homeland was on the verge of transformation and Riel would make sure his people had a voice in their future. Louis, the first child of Louis Riel père and Julie Lagimodière, was born October 22, 1844 in St. Boniface. His mother was the seventh child of Jean-Baptiste Lagimodière and Marie-Anne Gaboury, who came from Québec to settle in the North-West in 1806. Louis père had been born at Ile-à-la-Crosse in 1817, the son of Jean-Baptiste Riel dit l’Irlande and Marguerite Boucher, a Franco-Déné Métisse whom he married in 1798, ‘à la façon du pays’. In 1843 after spending his childhood in Québec where his parents has returned to live and following an attempt at being a seminarian, Louis Riel père returned to settle in the West, the country where he was born. Here in Red River he met Julie Lagimodière and their marriage was solemnized by Bishop Provencher on January 21, 1844 at St. Boniface Cathedral. Both were devout Catholics, as Julie had also considered a religious life before marrying Louis Riel. Their piety was to be an important factor in the family’s daily life. Louis spent his childhood on the east bank of the Red River, not far from St. Boniface and the property of his Lagimodière grandparents. He grew up among the Métis, extremely conscious of his identity, inherited through his father’s line. At the age of ten, he began his education, eventually studying at the school run by the Christian Brothers established in the Settlement in 1854. With the aim of training priests for the young colony, Bishop Taché sent him to Montréal in 1858, along with two other boys, Daniel McDougall and Louis Schmidt, to continue his studies. Louis David Riel was born near what is now Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, on October 22, 1844. In 1869, the Métis revolted against the transfer of their territories from the Hudson's Bay Company to the Dominion of Canada, and Louis Riel was their leader. After years of leadership and success, in 1884, Riel was involved in another armed uprising, but this was quickly crushed by the military might of the Canadian government, and Riel surrendered. Riel was found guilty of treason and hanged on November 16, 1885, in Regina, Canada. Early Years Family Barriers/Difficulties of Louis Riels Life In some ways, it is hard for us, at the end of this century, to imagine what life was like while Louis Riel was alive. It is hard to imagine the difficulties of the frontier, the pressures of building new settlements. And yet, looking at his role in our history, there are many parallels between the conflicts he faced, and the challenges we still deal with today.When Riel was leading the Métis, there were about 12,000 people living in the area: 6,000 spoke French, 4,000 spoke English, and 2,000 spoke other languages. And along with the language differences came cultural and religious divides as well. It is no great surprise that tensions were sometimes high, and that conflicts erupted. Riel was the eldest of 11 children in a close-knit, devoutly religious, and affectionate family. Both his parents were westerners, and he is said to have had one-eighth Indian blood, his paternal grandmother being a Franco-Chipewyan Métisse. Family cont. Riel found many changes on his return. Religious antipathies had become a notable feature of the settlement. At the same time the political climate was both uncertain and volatile. The settlement, part of the Rupert’s Land held by the HBC, was still administered by a governor and the Council of Assiniboia, established by the HBC . A big turning point in Riels life was when his father died. The news of his father’s death, which reached him in February 1864, was a traumatic shock for Riel. Always an introvert, subject to moods of depression, he seems to have lost confidence in his qualifications for the priesthood and withdrew from the college in March of the following year without graduating. Hoping to support his family in Red River Barriers/Difficulties/Changes Louis Riel faced Facts about Louis Riel - political and spiritual leader of the Metis
- born: 22 October 1844
- died: 16 November 1885 (aged 41)
- Louis Riel statue is at the Collège universitaire
de Saint-Boniface in Winnepeg, Manitoba
- Riel is the eldest of the 11 children
- Riel's parents were western
- When Riel's father died it was a turning point in his life
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