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Earthquake in Kobe, Japan
Transcript of Earthquake in Kobe, Japan
The earthquake in Kobe, Japan happened on January 17,1995.
Depth: 22.0 kilometers
The soil around Japan was drenched of water, causing the soil to be very loose. Therefore if shook to a certain point, it will not be able to hold anything together.
Nearly 200,000 buildings collapsed, including many bridges.
Many systems shutdown. ( Electricity, gas, and plumbing) Large fires started and spread through the city, causing houses to be destroyed.
Effects on lives
The plate boundary that cause the earthquake was an Continental-Oceanic.
There were over 6000 people killed due to the earthquake. 230,000 people were left with no food, shelter, or clean water.
Japan did not do very well on knowing if there was an earthquake coming. The earthquake lasted twenty seconds, at a time when people were either sleep, or on their way to work. Japan did not invest one million dollars on research and development of an earthquake early system until this earthquake. Therefore, the people were not very prepared. They handled the earthquake by rebuilding the buildings/homes, factories, and schools. They spent more then 100 million dollars on repair.
Preparation for Future
Japan built buildings high, tsunami sea walls and early warning systems. The second there was an disaster, help was on the way.
The granite bedrock is the bed rock in Japan. It was set off by late Pleistocene, setting of an fluvial terrace date to 1990. (21 to 22 ka)
http://crack.seismo.unr.edu/ftp/pub/louie/class/100/effects-kobe.htmlwww, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/events/1995_01_15.php, http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=2008020708301AAcRChd, http://www.nist.gov/el/disasterstudies/earthquake/earthquake_kobe_japan1995.cfm
Science of event
The Philippines plate was being subducted beneath the Eurasian plate. Seismic waves traveled along the epicenter (which was a very highly populated area) to the cities of Kobe.