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Machiavelli

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by

Diane Kim

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of Machiavelli

Philosophical Ideas
from the Greatest
Minds:

HZT4U1-01
Diane Kim, Kevin Gai
Niccolò Machiavelli
Biography
Works
Focus
Beliefs
Influence
Summary
Biography
Works
Focus: The Prince
Philosophical Beliefs
Impact
Influence
Summary
Niccolò Machiavelli
Full Name: Niccolò di Bernardo dei Machiavelli
Country of Origin: Italy
Born: 3 May 1469
Died: 21 June 1527 (Age 58)
Philosophical School of Thought: Humanism
Field of Interest: Politics, political philosophy, military theory, history
Had 4 sons and 2 daughters
Married to Marieta Corsini
His most important works consists of political writings
Discourses on Livy (1531)
A series of lessons on how a republic should be started and structured
The Prince (Il Principe) (1532)
A series of lessons on how to be a "proper" ruler
What is it?
To put it simply, it is a guide book to political power
Many critics claim for "The Prince" to be a "
handbook for dictators and tyrants
"
It is a non-fiction book which falls in the genre of Political Science
The Dark Triad
Major Dictators He Influenced
-Joseph Stalin
-Benito Mussolini
-Adolph Hitler
-Mao Zhe Dong
-Napoleon Bonaparte
-Kim Jong Ill
-Saddam Hussein
Machiavellianism
Narcissicism
Psychopathy
-The employment of cunning and duplicity in politics
-The tendency to be unemotional and the ability to detache from conventional moralities and decieve and manipulate others
-Seen as a plague infecting politics in Europe
What was Machiavelli's motive?
Machiavelli wanted to give Lorenzo de’ Medici advice on:
1. How to ensure his success as a stable, long term ruler
2. How to lay the groundwork for uniting all of Italy under his control
http://personality-testing.info/tests/MACH-IV.php
It is much more secure to be feared than to be loved
-Describes a person as vain and egotistical
-Derived from arrogant pride
-Admiration of physical and/or mental attributes
-Believes oneself is above everyone else
-Defined as a personality or personality disorder
-Cannot be trained to get this trait
-Lack of ability to feel guilt
-Also know as sociapathy and dyssocial personal disorder
Men should be either treated generously or destroyed, because they take revenge for slight injuries - for heavy ones they cannot

The end justifies the means
“Men ought either to be well treated or crushed, because they can avenge themselves of lighter injuries, of more serious ones they cannot; therefore the injury that is to be done to a man ought to be of such a kind that one does not stand in fear of revenge.”
Men should be either treated generously or destroyed, because they take revenge for slight injuries - for heavy ones they cannot

ACTIVITY 1
"Here a question arises: whether it is better to be loved than feared, or the reverse. The answer is, of course, that it would be best to be both loved and feared. But since the two rarely come together, anyone compelled to choose will find greater security in being feared than in being loved. . . . Love endures by a bond which men, being scoundrels, may break whenever it serves their advantage to do so; but fear is supported by the dread of pain, which is ever present."
It is much more secure to be feared than to be loved
FOOD FOR THOUGHT
“A son can bear with equanimity the loss of his father, but the loss of his inheritance may drive him to despair."
The Greed of Mankind
Major Philosophers Who Influenced Him
-Titus Livy (Questionable)
-Cicero
-Seneca
-Hannibal
-Pope Julius II
-Cesare Borgia
-Political Science
-Everyday citizens
-Principals of warfare and diplomacy
-Major Comunism Countries (Past and Present)
-Works of Shakespeare
-Modern Republicanism
-Modernity (Fuedalism to Capitalism)
Machiavellianism
Niccolò ________'s most famous work which is commonly criticized as a "Handbook for _______" is titled ________.
One of his most well known beliefs are: It is much more secure to be _____ than to be _____.
His work has influenced many _______, such as _________.
He left the biggest impact on the field of _____________.
_____________ do not believe in the goodness of the world and that it must be manipulated.
The greed of mankind is greater than anything
"The end justifies the means."
The actions that lead up to the final action can all be justified whether good or bad because the final result is what matters most.
ACTIVITY 2
Diane:
Kevin:
Full transcript