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Lonicera japonica, Japanese Honeysuckle

Severe Threat
by

Isabella Alexander

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of Lonicera japonica, Japanese Honeysuckle

Japanese Honeysuckle Isabella Alexander The Scientific Name & What it Looks Like Where the Honeysuckle First Originated When and How the Honeysuckle Entered South Carolina The Economic and Enviroment Impact The Animals and Plants it Threatens The scientific name of this plant is Lonicera japonica. The
regular name is the Japanese Honeysuckle. The Japanese Honeysuckle has yellow and white flowers and the plant part is green like regular plants so that means they use photosynthesis to create food. The Japanese Honeysuckle first originated in East Asia and was introduced to New York in 1806 and around 1898, the plant started to spread all around the U.S.A. It spread to Long Island, Illinois, and Florida. When the Honeysuckle spread to Ohio it started spreading as if it originated there in the first place. You can usually find the plants near railroads or in the woods. The Japanese Honeysuckle was planted and spread in the U.S.
That is why it is all over the United States, including South
Carolina. Some people planted seeds from the place to place.
Somewhere in the 1800's, the Japanese Honeysuckle was spread to South Carolina. Probably because the Honeysuckle spreads from place to place by animals that eat the plant (spreading seeds). The Japanese Honeysuckle may be beautiful but it can also hold back other plants from growing by growing on top of it or probably even in front of it. When the plant climbs, it climbs fast. It even climb trees, but when the plant climbs a tree, they stay there and then they soak up all the water the tree would usually get.
The Honeysuckle is actually good for animals because the different animals can eat the fruits the plant produces. Many animals such as the American Goldfinch, the Eastern Bluebird, or the Northern Bobwhite eat the berries the plant produces. Other animals are in search for the Honeysuckles for nectar such as the Hummingbird or bees.
The plant could also be a threat to animals because it could take up the animals' living space and the animal might not have any place to sleep or live. The Japanese Honeysuckle has many impacts on the economy and the enviroment. The flower has taken up fields, wetlands, forests, and animal habitats. When the plant takes up living space, it could take up other plants' room to grow or even human or animal living space. Crops sometimes can't even grow, then farmers or people who like to grow plants won't have crops to sell or eat. When it takes up animal habitat, that animal would have to go to another home.

The invasive Japanese Honeysuckle was introduced to the United States in the 1880's from Japan and Korea as an ornamental plant. Because it can create a complicated vine system that grows quickly, it was introduced in later years for coverage and erosion control. Identifying characteristics of the Japanese Honeysuckle are its oblong to oval leaves. Sometimes the leaves are lobed. In warmer climates the honeysuckle has evergreen characteristics and keeps its leaves throughout the winter. In climates with prolonged winters, however, the honeysuckle may lose its leaves. In the autumn it produces dark brown and fragrant seeds. White tail deer, birds, and cotton-tailed rabbits may use the berries and leaves as a food source. The flowers of the Honeysuckle can range from white to pink and turn yellow with age. The flowers are tubular and have five fused petals that occur in pairs. They can be very fragrant and as a result, hummingbirds, bees, butterflies, and other insects visit the sweet smelling flowers for nectar and aid in pollination. The plant prefers full sunlight but can still flower in partial shade. It also requires abundant moisture and nutrients. Because it favors hot temperatures and a lot of moisture, fungus diseases can develop along with the plant. Excerpt From the News Classification System Kingdom: Plantae
Phylum: Embryophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Lonicera
Species: Lonicera japonica http://www.floridanature.org/species.asp?species=Lonicera_japonica
http://myweb.loras.edu/as298365/InvasiveSpecies/honeysuckle/index.html
http://www.fcps.edu/islandcreekes/ecology/japanese_honeysuckle.htm
http://myweb.loras.edu/as298365/InvasiveSpecies/honeysuckle/index.html
http://www.clemson.edu/psapublishing/pages/forestry/forlf28.pdf
http://www.eddmaps.org/tools/statereport.cfm?id=us_sc Site Links Pictures
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