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Philippine Literature: Folk Speech

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jop joson

on 6 February 2015

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Transcript of Philippine Literature: Folk Speech

-
Folk speech
refers to the dialect, or style of speaking, unique to people living within a geographic area. The folk speech of an area may be differentiated from other regions by variation in grammatical, phonetic (pronunciation), and lexical (word usage) features.

- Popular language; the dialect spoken by the common people of a country or district, as distinguished from the speech of the educated people or from the literary language.
What is a folk speech?
Folk Speech: Riddles
Folk Speech: Proverbs
Philippine proverbs
are traditional sayings or maxims used by Filipinos based on local culture, wisdom, and philosophies from Filipino life. The word proverb corresponds to the Tagalog words salawikain,kasabihan (saying) and sawikain.

- Philippine proverbs are further illustrated to be ornaments to language, words of ancestors handed down from one generation to another, and as wisdom gained from experience, which can be quoted to express a sentiment, a statement, or an opinion.

- Filipino proverbs echoes the Filipino values, even though they have been retold and passed from one generation to another, the values and the lessons they impart to us still holds truth to these days.
Folk Speech: Riddles
The riddle (bugtong)
is a form of guessing game that has been a part of the folklore of most cultures from ancient times.

- a mystifying, misleading, or puzzling question posed as a problem to be solved or guessed.

- When told in the native Tagalong language, the riddles employ many poetic devices. They usually rhyme and they often rely on simile and metaphor to offer clues. The riddles tend to be one or two lines and refer to a specific object.
Group II
Philippine Literature: Folk Speech
* Hakot dito hakot doon, kahit maliit ay ipon ng ipon. (langgam)

* Munting anghel na lilipad-lipad, dala-dala'y liwanag sa likod ng pakpak. (alitaptap).

* Isang reynang maraming mata
nasa gitna ang mga espada. (pinya)

* Dalawang batong itim, malayo ang nararating. (mata)

* Hindi pari, hindi hari, nagdadamit ng sari-sari. (paruparo)
Malaking supot ni Mang Jacob, kung sisidlan ay pataob.
Sagot:
KULAMBO
Apat na magkakapatid, sabay sabay ng sumisid.
TINIDOR
Kung araw ay patung-patong, kung gabi'y dugtung-dugtong.
UNAN
Lumabas, pumasok, dala-dala ay panggapos.
KARAYOM
Ang kampanilya ni Pining, laging mapula sa tingin.
MAKOPA
Walang naninira sa bakal kundi sariling kalawang.
(
Nothing destroys iron but its own corrosion.)

Pagkahaba-haba man daw ng prusisyon, sa simbahan din ang tuloy.

(Eventhough the procession is long, it will still end up in church.)

Magsisi ka man at huli wala nang mangyayari.
(There is no need to cry over spilt milk.)

Ang pagkakataon sa buhay ay madalang dumating. Kapag narito na, ating samantalahin.
(Opportunity only knocks once, grab it or you'll lose it.)

Daig ng maagap and masipag.
(The early comer is better than the hard worker. / The early bird catches the worm.)
Damiana L. Eugenio
, a professor from the University of the Philippines, author of Philippine Proverb Lore (1975), and who is also referred to as the "Mother of Philippine Folklore" grouped Filipino proverbs into six categories based on the topic expressed, namely:

*
ethical proverbs (those that express a general attitude towards life and the laws that govern life itself)

*
proverbs that recommend virtues and condemn vices

*
proverbs that express a system of values

*
proverbs that express general truths and observations about life and human nature

*
humorous proverbs and;

*
miscellaneous proverbs
Thank You For Listening :)
- Group II
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