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The Babylonian Empire
Transcript of The Babylonian Empire
Political System Religion &
Belief System Inventions Famous People Language Art &
Architecture Job Specialization Economic System Social
System Legacy By:
Mitch C., Jill M.,
Kiersten P., Omarr M. The social hierarchy of Babylon was divided into 3 groups Upper
Class Upper Class: Kings Great Soldiers Wealthy Merchants The Babylonian followed a Monarch style of government. ...also with: and Bureaucracy Centralized Government were established... inevitable adjuncts taxation involuntary military service Babylonians followed the Hammurabi Code Babylonians believed that
their king was a god. Punishment fits the crime - differs for different social classes Kings were thought to have been given
powers from the gods to rule the town Sun God: Shamash
Love & War God: Ishtar Middle Class Doctors Artisans Lower Rank
Soldiers Debt Free
Townspeople Lower Class Townspeople
in Debt Slaves Moral beliefs goodness & truth law & order justice & freedom courage & loyalty wisdom & learning Believed priests could tell the future in winds, storms,
drops of oil on water, sheeps’ liver, and the stars.
Strongly believed in magic/ black magic. Violation to laws was offense to kings and gods Babylonians used a
clay instead of stone. Architecture Sculptures & Paintings Found writings on clay pots dating back to 2600 BC. Is in the formation of Cuneiform, which is a writing system based off of wedge shaped slashes The language is based off of the Old Sumerian style "Sharganisharalim, son of Dati-Enlil, the Mighty One, King of Akkad and of the domains of Enlil, (is) the builder of E-kur, the temple of Enlil, in Nippur. If anybody alters this document, may Enlil and Shamash tear out his foundation and sweep away his seed." Translation: Over hundreds of years, the symbols to represent words/parts of words changed. Babylonian Japanese example: brickmaker, bricklayer, brick-stamper , basket-maker, potter, smith, goldsmith/silversmith, jeweller, baker, gardener, wine-maker, cook, wheelwright, furniture-maker, boatman, boatbuilder, carpenter, horse-trainer, architect, engineer, exorcist (often doubling as doctor), charioteer, cavalryman, musician, servant, priest, bitumen-carter , rope-maker, farmer, scribe, tax collector, overseer, herder, weaver, and merchant One job that was not found in Babylonia was a Prostitute. Why is that? Because woman had to "find a man" before she could even be eligible to get married! Farming has considered the main industry in Babylonia The kind understood that if you have trade going on, that you have stable empire. You can raise taxes
on the townspeople Money can be used for
war or others purposes. Promote trades between other stable emipres A King would only trade on good routes, because they were safe. Routes with bandits would hurt the trading systems. Trades were cut off in 1000 BC where Near East trade decreased a lot. Indus valley was an area were trade was canceled when Hammurabi ruled. This was because of empires trying to take owner- ship of certain trade routes. Too many wars broke out and trade stopped. Babylonia was a big trading center in the Middle East. They were trading with countries like India, Europe, Persia, Anatolia and Egypt. Beer Algebra The Wheel Became king of Babylon (1792 B.C), and made the Hammurabi's Code (Set of 282 laws) Hammurabi Babylonian ruler from 605 B.C to 502 B.C Nebuchadnezzar Ancient Babylon was located in Mesopotamia between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. The river divided the city in two, with the old city to the east and a smaller new city to the west. During the rein of Sennacherib, the city was destroyed by the Assyrians. Once the city was rebuilt, the name was changed to Babylonia. The land was very arable and produced wild barley, chickpea, and sesame. The marshlands produced an edible root that is equal to barley. The land grew dates, apples, and other fruit, as well as fish and birds. The name Babylon is somewhat of a mystery. The Hebrews of the Bible traced its origins to a word in their own language that means “confusion,” deriving the name from “The Tower of Babel,” which was also located there. In the Semitic language, which the Babylonians spoke, the name of the city may have meant “Gate of God” or “Gate of the Gods.” In the biblical story, God placed confusion of speech upon the builders so they could no longer communicate and complete their work.