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Postcard from Greece
Transcript of Postcard from Greece
10 June 2014
Dear Bea and 7th graders,
Κ α λ η μ έ ρ α
Greece is a startling country! Visiting Greece is not a common journey, is rather a journey in space and time! You are surrounded by ancient monuments where Socrates, Plato and Aristotle lived and conversed and also by wonderful and friendly people!
Let the journey begin...
Linus Pauling Middle School
1111 NW Cleveland
Corvallis, OR, USA
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
10.000 km (6299.3 miles) away...
Back in time..
Ancient Greece was not a single country like modern Greece. Rather, it was made up of about 1,500 different city-states or poleis. Each had its own laws and army, and they often quarreled. Athens was the largest city-state
Football, or what Americans call soccer, is the national sport
“Νame day” of the saint that bears our name
52,419 sq miles (135,765 km²)
4.822 million residents
98,466 sq miles (255,026 km²)
3.899 million residents
50,949 square miles (131,958 square kilometers)
11.28 million residents
16.5 million tourists visit Greece each year, more than the country’s entire population. Tourism constitutes nearly 16% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
: marble, clay, nicel, coal, bauxite (aluminum), chromate, vermiculite (insulation for fireplaces), steel and iron (razors). 7% of the marble produced in the world comes from Greece.
The world’s leading producer of
. Greeks have cultivated olive trees
since ancient times
. Some olive trees planted in the thirteenth century are still producing olives.
Thousands of English words come from the Greek language: “academy,” “apology,” “marathon,” “siren,” “alphabet,” “typhoon,” "photograph," "telephone," "anorexic," "dynamite"...
No one in Greece can choose to not vote. Voting is required by law for every citizen who is 18 or older
capital of modern Greece
from 10,000 in 1834 to 3.6 million
40% of the population
Continuously inhabited for over 7,000 years
One of the oldest cities in Europe
Birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, political science, Western literature, historiography, major mathematical principles, and Western theories of tragedy and comedy.
10.000 miles of coastline (10th longest in the world)
No point in Greece is more than 85 miles (137 kilometers) from water
6000 islands and islets
227 are inhabited
250 days of sunshine
max: 118 F
Greek ships make up 70% of the European Union's total merchant fleet. According to Greek law, 75% of a ship’s crew must be Greek
Greece has more archaeological museums than any other country in the world
Retirement homes are rare in Greece. Grandparents usually live with their children’s family until they die. Most young people live with their families until they marry
Feta, which is made from goat’s milk, is the Greece’s national cheese. It dates back to the Homeric ages, and the average per-capita consumption of feta cheese in Greece is the highest in the world.d
The saying “taking the bull by its horns” comes from the Greek myth of Hercules saving Crete from a raging bull by seizing its horns.
One of the richest endemic biodiversity in Europe, including 116 species of mammals, 18 of amphibians, 59 of reptiles, 240 of bird, and 107 of fish. About half of the endemic mammal species are in danger of becoming extinct
The monk seal has been a part of Greek’s natural and cultural heritage and is described in The
. The head of a monk seal was even found on a coin dated 500 B.C. Only 250 monk seals are left.
The dead are always buried because the Greek Orthodox Church forbids cremation.
Greeks do not wave with an open hand. In fact, it is considered an insult to show the palm of he hand with the fingers extended. Greeks wave with the palm closed
After giving a compliment, Greeks make a puff of breath through pursed lips, as if spitting. This is meant to protect the person receiving the compliment from the “evil eye.”
“Barbarian” comes from "barbaroi": people who don’t speak Greek and sound like they’re saying “bar-bar-bar-bar"
The Greeks revolutionized the art of sculpture. Instead of stiff poses and blank faces, Greek artists began to carve statues of people that showed both movement and emotion.
Greece gave birth to one of the most influential civilization the world has ever known:
Greek’s highest elevation is the legendary home of Zeus and other Olympian gods and goddesses, Mount Olympus at 9,750 feet (2,917 meters)- Oregon Highest Point Mt. Hood, OR 11,239 feet
“Tragedy” : “goat-song” because early Greek tragedies honored Dionysus, the god of wine, and the players wore goatskins.
Is it all Greek to you?
Greece has one of the lowest divorce rates in the EU
The city of Rhodes (the capital of the island of Rhodes) is the most popular location for tourists in Greece. The city is famous for housing one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: the Colossus of Rhodes (from which the word “colossal” is derived). This gigantic 98-foot (303-meter) statue of the god Helios, whose legs straddled the harbor, was destroyed by an earthquake in 226 B.C
Minoan eruption 3600 years ago
Collapse of the Minoan civilization on the island of Crete, 110 km (68 mi) to the south through a gigantic tsunami.
Freedom or Death
blue: sea and sky
white : purity of the struggle of freedom
> 3,000 years, one of the oldest languages in Europe
hematite was used by ancient Greek angiographers (potters) at 500 bC to make red-figure pottery
Oldest olive tree in the world @ Crete (2000-2500 yrs)
Greece is the leading producer of sea sponges and sea bass
In 1905, John Cocoris introduced the technique of sponge diving at TarponSprings, FL
Metropolis of Sponge-people: Kalymnos
According to the Commission, the biodiversity of the land coupled with the special breeds of sheep and goats used for milk is what gives feta cheese a specific aroma and flavor.
Τhe term "feta" has been a
protected designation of origin (PDO)
since 2002, which limits the name "feta" within the European Union to brined cheese made
exclusively of sheep's/goat's milk in Greece
Throughout history, Greeks have loved the sea. With more than 1,800 merchant ships in service, Greece has one of the largest fleets in the world
bombs, airplane&helicopter parts, medical and sound production devices, whiskey, almonds,fish and meat products,
Island of Egina, 550 BCΑ
Slaves made up between 40% and 80% of ancient Greece’s population. Slaves were captives from wars, abandoned children, or children of slaves
"One aspect of Greek history, in short, is the advance hand in hand, of freedom and slavery."
Winged Victory of Samothrace
Same as in USA, besides:
Baseball, American Football, Hockey, Badminton, indoor sports
Pack light for the summer (swimming suits)
and a jacket for the winter
Part of the Greek identity
Recognized as state religion
Based on the role the church played for the preservation of the Greek nation through the years of the Ottoman Empire but also for the role the church played in the Greek War of Independence.
On the top
The Queens chamber
3600 yrs old
18 km (11 miles) length = biggest in EU
In the middle of the sky
Big city life
The Parthenon (“Place of the Partheons,” from parthenos or “virgin”) was built almost 2,500 years ago. It actually featured colorful sculptures and a large gold-and-ivory statue of Athena. It took 15 years to build.
About 30% of Greek adults and 50% of young (-25 yrs) are unemployed. Even with a college education, it’s hard to find a job
government where the President is elected from the Parliament / 5years and then elects the Prime Minister.