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Copy of Copy of Informal Commands

Los mandatos informales (tú) en español
by

Autumn Schlei

on 10 March 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Copy of Informal Commands

Los mandatos informales en español
Informal/Familiar Commands
Informal Contexts

Conjugate the verb in the third-person singular (él/ella/Ud.) of the present tense.
Comer
Come
Jugar
Juega
Eat
Play
You ALWAYS attach pronouns to AFFIRMATIVE commands.
indirect (to/for whom
direct (whom/what?)
reflexive (oneself)
Cómpralos
When attaching a pronoun, an accent is required over the stressed vowel if the original command is more than one syllable (almost all of them are!)
There are eight irregular tú commands.
You could try a
mnemonic device!
OR...
Vete
Los mandatos afirmativos
La formación
Los irregulares
Los pronombres
Pronoun placement with Negative tú commands:
¡No me toques!
¡No te duches!
Los mandatos negativos
La formación
Los pronombres
Wait! ... you remember how to make formal commands, right?
"yo" form [traigo]
chop off the "-o" [traig-]
put the "opposite ending": ar->e, er/ir->a [traiga]
Satan has the pencil weapon!
+ Dracula-style accent
= ¡Sé Ten Haz Di Ven Sal Ve Pon!
Hint: Many irregular tú commands are "-go" verbs without the "-go"!
digo (di)
pongo (pon)
salgo (sal)
tengo (ten)
vengo (ven)
Tener->Ten
Ser->Sé
Hacer->Haz
Decir->Di
Venir->Ven
Salir->Sal
Ir->Ve
Poner->Pon
If a word ends in a vowel, n, or s, the second to last syllable has the stress.
For all other words stress the end unless a written accent changes the trend.
4. Put "no" before
the verb.
2. Remove
the "o"
3. Add the opposite
"tú" ending
1. Conjugate the verb in the "yo" form.
How to form
negative tú commands
-ar => -es
-er/ir => -as
Place the pronoun directly
before the conjugated verb.
pronoun verb
No
Don't eat (no comer)
Como
Com
Comas
No comas
There are 4 irregular
Negative tú commands
Estar -> no estés
Dar -> no des
Ir -> no vayas
ser -> no seas
-car, -gar, -zar verbs
c -> qu
This spelling change is only
for NEGATIVE tú commands
g-> gu
z-> c
no practicar

no practiques
no comenzar
no comiences
no apagar
no apagues
Also, you can count backwards from the last syllable:

uno..dos...tres...Bam!
A/A Affirmative = Attached
Full transcript