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The Mega-City of New York

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Hashem Salman

on 19 May 2014

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Transcript of The Mega-City of New York

The Mega-City of New York
New York City is composed in five different parts called "boroughs". There's the Bronx, Queens, Manhattan, Brooklyn and Staten Island.

New york has a population of 8,405,835 people as of July of 2013.
With a total city area of 34,490 km2 , New York is the sixth largest megacity in the world.

New York is one of the biggest and most famous cities in the U.S.
It is recognized as the cultural and financial capital of the world.
An Italian, Giovanni da Verrazano, actually discovered New York Harbor in 1524. New York was then settled in 1624 by colonists of the Dutch Republic as a trading post. The Dutch then built a little town on the southern tip of Manhattan Island; it was called New Amsterdam and it flourished by selling otter, beaver, seal and mink skins. However New Amsterdam was a tiny town with only about 1,500 inhabitants, so in the mid-17th century, around 1664, the city and its surroundings came under English control and it was renamed, New York.
New York served as the capital of the United States from 1785 until 1790 and it has been the country's largest city ever since.
The development of New York started around 350 years ago in 1664.
By 1700 New York had a population of almost 5,000 and it continued to grow rapidly.
By 1776 the population was about 25,000.
In 1800 New York City had about 60,000 inhabitants.
In the 1900’s, only 100 years later, New York had a population of 3,000,00. The population almost tripled in the 2000’s reaching 8 million people. In 2001 tragedy struck when the World Trade Center was destroyed in a terrorist attack. This cultural crisis put a halt on New York’s development, however the city recovered from the attack and proceeded to grow. Today New York is the largest city in the United States, and one of the ten largest cities on the planet. New York is still a busy port. It is also a major industrial and financial center.
New York City is also, of course, an important tourist destination.
The next 50 years

Over the next 50 years, New York City’s will continue to flourish as an amazing Hub of commerce, finance, media, art, fashion, research, technology, education, and entertainment. It will continue it’s significant impact upon the world.

Overtime, New York will develop greater pollution problems, as well as overpopulation and high crime rates. These are all factors we are searching to solve, but sadly we still don’t have a long lasting “cure” to these issues.
One of the main problems is most probably overpopulation; there is no doubt that New York’s population is going to increase tremendously; the city might not be able to manage such growth. New York is already considered to big and now that its population is increasing it’s only going to get bigger. Hopefully it will be able to plan ahead and be able to get ready for it’s massive population growth.

In the future New York City will of course continue to try and find more sustainable solutions for all these urban issues, and in my opinion, I think one day it will be able to solve these challenges and continue to become one of the world’s most interesting and successful Megacities.
Antoine Hachem
Hashem Salman
A very large problem New York faces, is overpopulation. As a mega city, New York faces the challenge of high population. This is a city that holds great opportunities, which is why there are so many immigrants whom add to the increase. With 8,405,835 residents as of 2013, it’s the 6th largest megacity in the world. From the crowded Subway Stations to the busy streets, there is no escaping the number of citizens that plague NYC. This overpopulation is putting a strain on New York’s urban development because it is increasing many of the other challenges such as pollution, shortage of accommodation and unemployment.
Overpopulation is not only an issue in New York; it’s a major issue for the whole country. Population growth is one of the most serious social and economical problems the world faces today. In 2007, the average number of births per 1,000 women was 62.1, the highest it has ever been.
To solve this major issue there are a few solutions I would like to discus such as: restricting the number of children per family, just like China has done. The Chinese were very successful with this solution and were able to regulate the population growth. Even though this policy was revoked when we entered the 21st century, because of freedom rights, it was still very effective. We could also educate our youths more on reproduction. Many of the youths today sadly, still don’t have a clear understanding of safe sex, which results in many unwanted births between teens.
Hopefully we will be able, to find a solution soon because if not, it looks like New York’s population will grow to extraordinary proportions.
In 1639 a Swede called Jonas Bronck settled in the Bronx, which is named after him.
Brooklyn was settled in 1634 by the Dutch.
Queens was settled by the English in 1683.
Manhattan is the most densely populated of the five boroughs and it was settled in 1624.
Staten Island was originally discovered during the 16th century in 1520 by Italian explorer Giovanni de Verrazzano,
who originally found New York, and later on settled in 1661.

New York City’s Urban Land Use resembles a Sector Model:
The residential use, which is occupying 10%, is most often typified by apartment buildings with stores and/or neighborhood services on the ground level. Mixed-use buildings with both offices and residences are also included, but are less common.

Industrial / Manufacturing
Industrial uses, the warehouses and factories occupying 3% of the city’s total lot area, are found primarily in the South Bronx, on either side of Newtown Creek in Brooklyn and Queens, and on the northern and western shores of Brooklyn and Staten Island waterfronts.

These uses occupy 70% of the city’s land and they use space intensively. Most of the city’s 3.7 million jobs are in commercial areas, ranging from the office towers of Manhattan and the regional business districts of downtown Brooklyn, Long Island City, Jamaica, to the local shopping corridors throughout the city.
Even though, New York’s crime has decreased over the past few years, it is still a big issue in the city. This is partly because of the high number of unemployed people living in New York. Many people that plague the streets of New York are extremely desperate. Since many of them have lost everything, such as their homes, their jobs, they usually result to theft and murder.
In the 1970s, ’80s and early ’90s, New York was viewed as one of the world’s most dangerous metropolises. Being a rich center of life, New York experiences many bank heists, store robberies and car thefts along with shootouts, gang assassinations and murders (31 out of 100,000 New Yorkers was murdered each year).
Luckily over the years theft and murder has decreased tremendously (Its current homicide rate is 18 percent and auto theft rate is 6 percent of its 1990 total). One of the main reasons there was a big drop of crime from the 90’s to now, is not due to reinforced security, contrary to popular belief, but thanks to strategic policing and harm reduction by the New York Police Department. Police targeted open-air drug markets, while leaving drug users largely alone. By doing things like this, they have dropped the crime rate immensely, even though there are still a few crimes committed. Most recently there have been many stolen iPhones and other apple products along with several muggings. Though these are less dangerous and less important crimes, they are crimes nonetheless and should be stopped. Looking on the bright side, today, New York is one of the safest cities in the U.S.
Pollution is a problem for the whole world, especially New York. Over 54 million metric tons of carbon dioxide was added to the atmosphere in 2010 which of 75% came from buildings. One of the most harmful effects of industrialization is water pollution. In New York it has also become one of the most severe urban issues. Water is essential for life on Earth; the pollution of water signifies the risk of loosing life. Air pollution is also a big issue, because it’s the densest in urban areas, such as New York, because of all the traffic and buildings. With the benefits of urbanization and industrialization comes the risk of emitting huge amounts of waste and harmful gases into the atmosphere.
Pollution has been a serious issue for our world. Most notably air and water pollution. We have tried to slowly come up with ideas to stop this global problem, some of which are carpooling, recycling, encouraging more people to cycle, walk or use the bus instead of driving. Instead of dumping waste and unchecked emission of toxic fumes, the industries in New York should be equipped with proper waste-treatment systems. We can also educate the public on the effects of pollution and how they can help protect the environment, because many people are still ignorant of the effect they have on the environment. Instead of burning fossil fuels we can use renewable and clean energy. These are only a few of the many solutions to pollution, and hopefully New York will incorporate some of these ideas and become more environmentally “friendly”.
New York scored 47th when ranking property cost amongst the top 100 cities in the world. The average cost of living in New York is of $516,600; it is actually a pretty high number to most of the citizens of NYC. This high cost results in a shortage of decent accommodation.
Many people migrate to New York in the hope of enjoying the facilities of an urban center, but they do not have enough money and so end up living in very poor housing.
The issue of high property cost is not only taking place in New York but in most places around the world.
To reduce the rising of the cost of housing we have a few options:
The Government can increase the salary of many small jobs, which will result in many small job workers, to be able to afford proper housing. We can provide lower costing buildings. We can lower the tax. As you can see there are a few solutions, and hopefully New York will take one of these ideas and use it to benefit the city.
Unemployment is a situation where someone can’t get a job; it is common in New York. The unemployment rate in 2010 was of 8.9%, this means 8.9% of the population was unable to support themselves and their families. Many people migrate to NYC with the hope of finding jobs, but not all of them can be successful in doing so. Many end up jobless and unable to pay for their house and so end up losing it, which then adds to the high property, cost issue.
To tackle this problem, we can develop on the idea of faster economic growth. We could have projects such as road building, cutting interest rates to encourage spending and by doing so, increasing the economy, and cut income tax for the same reason. We could also raise the minimum wage for a short-term solution. And for a long-term solution is expanding education, training, and workforce development.
The Crime Rate:
The High Property Cost:
The Unemployment
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