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Concussions

Senior Seminar Project
by

Ryan Canney

on 16 January 2013

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Transcript of Concussions

Tests are given to determine memory, motor movement, problem solving, and physical tests such as strength, balance, coordination, and reflexes. CT scans and MRI’s can also be used to
help pinpoint bruising marks. Concussions in The NFL Today What is a Concussion? - It is a type of brain injury sustained from being hit in the head and causes the brain to shake around inside your skull. - There are no visible signs. - Multiple concussions can lead
to an increased risk in long term
permanent injury. What causes concussions? - Rapid acceleration
and deceleration - Can come from common and dangerous injuries - Head Trauma What are the symptoms? - Loss of memory - Emotional problems

- Loss of concentration - Nausea/Dizziness

- Headaches - Sensitivity to light or

- Loss or excess of sleep and loss of balance. a.k.a. Postconcussive Syndrome How are they diagnosed? - Doctors Visit How are they treated? - Hospital visit - At Home and on the
go restrictions How can they be prevented? - Take necessary safety precautions - Physical and mental tests - CT Scans - MRI noise - Knowledge Concussions Facts in the NFL 92% of former players suffered at least one concussion and 60% suffered at least three. Why is there a need for change? "There are so many euphemisms—getting dinged, seeing stars, getting your bell rung, etc.—for head injuries that many of the former players don’t know what constitutes a concussion and what doesn’t. Some former players believe they had to get knocked out for it to be a concussion, which has never been true. Even using that definition, one player said he had six concussions." (Crossman, Sporting News) "Many players whose careers predated that policy said they were asked one of two questions as a prerequisite to returning to the game—if they were asked anything. Either, “what day is it?” which they laugh at now because the answer was always Sunday. Or, “how many fingers do you see?” which they laugh at because the answer was always two." (Crossman, Sporting News) Greg Koch: Former defensive lineman and a 12 year pro

Suffers from idiopathic REM sleep disorder

Because of head injuries, he is 50% more likely to get Parkinson's Disease and 50% more likely to get early onset dementia. Crossman, Matt. "SN Concussion Report: Living through the Fog of Football." Sporting News. N.p., 20 Aug. 2012. Web. 29 Dec. 2012. In a study done at Boston University, 19 brains of former NFL players were donated and looked at to see any signs of damage. 18 of them had CTE - chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a type of brain damage common to people who suffered repeated head injuries. Preventative Measures In 2011, the NFL moved the kickoff from the 30 yard line to the 35. More rules and fines have been introduced.
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