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1916 Easter rising
Transcript of 1916 Easter rising
The Easter Rising was a fight, mostly in Dublin city, that lasted from April 24th until April 30th 1916.It is estimated that 1,200 men and women from the nationalist army the Irish Volunteers, the trade union group Irish Citizen Army and the women's group, Cumman na mBan took part in the rising in dublin.
Even though Eoin MacNeill told them not to march a few Irish volunteers decided to go ahead with the rising. James Connolly and Padraig Pearse were the leaders of the 1,200 man force.
On April 24, 1916, the Monday after Easter, the small group took over several buildings in Dublin.
Rebels occupy Jacob’s factory, the Four Courts, St Stephen’s Green, the South Dublin Union (now known as St James’s Hospital), and Jameson Distillery. Volunteers also occupy, Boland’s Mills and Bakery, plus 25 Northumberland Road
At 12:20 Rebels march into the GPO, and establish the headquarters of the Rising. The tricolour is flown from the roof.
At 12:45 Pearse reads out a proclamation declaring Ireland a Republic on behalf of the provisional government ’.People didnt understand what was going on Thousands of Dubliners have relatives fighting for the British in Europe, and most oppose the Rising. Some actually throw stones at the rebels.
British reinforcements arrive at Kingstown (Dún Laoghaire).
At 09.00: Food supplies in Dublin run low. A British gunboat, the Helga, shells rebels at Liberty Hall. Liberty hall is later captured by the British
Padraig Pearse signs a unconditional surrender to British General Lowe.
Surrender negotiations in Moore Street. Nurse Elizabeth Farrell approached the barricade with Commandant Pearse. Pearse appears to be involved in deep discussion with General Lowe
who is accompanied by a young officer, possibly his son John. They had just moved in the direction of Sackville Street, presumably for better cover, and appeared to be negotiating terms of surrender
May 3rd-12th, 1916
Fifteen of the Rising’s leaders are executed at Kilmainham jail Public opinion begins to soften towards the rebels.
City Hall was re-captured. Dublin Castle was secured by military. After a brief battle the rooftop of City Hall has been cleared of the Citizen Army. Many prisoners had been taken, but there was still fighting in the area.
The Rising, DAY 4: Thursday, April 27th, 1916
British continue to pound Sackville Street with artillery, and capture Capel Street Bridge and attack the Four Courts and the South Dublin Union. Rebel leader James Connolly is wounded on the Middle of Abbey Street,after a bullet ricochet off the pathway and is treated in the GPO by a captured British Army doctor.
Easter Sunday, April 23rd, 1916
The Rising, DAY 1 Easter Monday, April 24th, 1916
The Rising, DAY 2: Tuesday, April 25th, 1916
The Rising, DAY 3: Wednesday, April 26th, 1916
Rebels continue to hold out in Boland’s Bakery, the College of Surgeons, Jacob’s, the South Dublin Union and the Four Courts.
The GPO and Sackville Street were in flames. Part of the GPO roof had collapsed.
Capt Michael Collins and 15-year-old Capt Michael McLoughlin lead rebels to fire at the British near the Rotunda.
The Rising, DAY 5: Friday, April 28th, 1916
The Rising, DAY 6: Saturday, April 29th, 1916
1916 Easter rising
Thomas James Clarke (1858-1916), one of the signatories of the proclamation, was actually born on the Isle of Wight off the south coast of England, where his father James Clarke, an Irish sergeant in the British army, was stationed.
James Connolly (1868-1916) was born in Scotland in an Irish slum in Edinburgh. He served in the British army in Ireland and hated it. He was in his mid-twenties before he moved to Ireland from Scotland to take up a union job.
Eamonn Ceannt (1881-1916) was Edward Kent for most of his life. He was a master of the uilleann pipes, and loved to put on a performances
Eoin MacNeill forms the Irish Volunteers to defend Home Rule. James Connolly founded the Irish Citizen Army
Irish Volunteers do likewise, importing 900 old German rifles off the Asgard at Howth in support of Home Rule.
In May, an Irish Republican Brotherhood Military Committee, led by Thomas Clarke and Sean MacDiarmada begins to plan a rebellion. They recruit Padraig Pearse as a head of the group . Joseph Plunkett also joins. Later, James Connolly, Eamonn ceannt and Thomas McDonagh bring the leaders to seven
some events leading up to the rising
Jeramiah o'Donavan Rossa
Jeremiah O'Donovan Rossa was an Irish Fenian leader and prominent member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood.
Padraig Pearse tells a huge crowd at the funeral of Jeremiah O’Donovan Rossa that “Ireland in a land of free people shall never be at peace”.
Good Friday, 1916
The British navy captures the Aud, a German cargo ship carrying 20,000 rifles, machine guns and ammunition destined for the rebels.
Ulster Volunteers import 35,000 German rifles for a revolt if Home Rule is passed.
: September 10, 1831, Rosscarbery
Died: June 29, 1915, Staten Island, New York City, New York, United States