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Verbs

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by

Mr. Laffin

on 20 May 2014

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Transcript of Verbs

A VERB IS AN ACTION WORD.

AN ACTION IS SOMETHING YOU CAN
DO.
EXAMPLES:
YOU CAN
CONTEMPLATE
LIFE.
YOU CAN
EXTRAPOLATE.
YOU CAN
LAUGH
AT DANIEL TOSH.
YOU CAN

BE.
YOU CAN
APPEAR
SAD.
YOU CAN

ASK

A QUESTION
LINKING VERBS
VERBS
THEY'RE WHAT YOU DO!!!
What are VERBS?
ACTION
VERBS

ACTION VERBS EXPRESS A
PHYSICAL
OR
MENTAL

ACTIVITY
EXAMPLES:
THE OWLS
HOOTED
AT NIGHT.
I
THOUGHT
ABOUT THE STARS.
SAWYER
BELIEVES
IN ALIENS
BATMAN
FIGHTS
CRIME IN GOTHAM CITY
A LINKING VERB EXPRESSES, OR STATES, A STATE OF BEING.

A LINKING VERB FORMS A
CONNECTION
BETWEEN, OR LINKS, THE SUBJECT TO A WORD (OR WORD GROUP) THAT DESCRIBES OR IDENTIFIES THE SUBJECT.
POE

IS

A

RAVEN.
POE
=
A RAVEN.
"THINK
=
"
WE

BECAME

DISORIENTED IN THE WOODS.

BECAME
LINKS "WE", THE SUBJECT OF THE SENTENCE, TO WHAT DESCRIBES US, "DISORIENTED".
WE
=
DISORIENTED.
THE SUN

FELT

GOOD AT THE BEACH.

OUR SUBJECT IS "THE SUN" AND "GOOD" DESCRIBES IT. WHAT WAS GOOD ABOUT THE SUN? HOW IT

FELT.
GRAMMAR

IS
CONFUSING.
GRAMMAR
=
CONFUSING.
Practice:
Action or Linking?


#1- OneDirection
sang
my favorite song.
#2- Katniss
looked
nervous before the 75th Annual Hunger Games.
#3- Mr. Laffin
is
my favorite teacher.
#4- I
enjoyed
the Justin Bieber concert.
#5- The camping trip this weekend
should be
fun.
Write "action" or "linking" on your EXIT TICKET
To predict an outcome based on past knowledge :)
Examples
Frankenstein

|
scares.
Kermit |
hosts
| The Muppet Show
George Washington |
was
\ the first President.
Action or Linking?
What's the difference?
What did she do?
What word is linking them together?
What two words are linked together?
Main Verbs
&
Helping verbs
This is exactly what it sounds like. the main verb, or action, being performed in a sentence.
For example:
Taylor Swift
sang
at the Grammy Awards.
What did Taylor Swift do at the Grammy Awards?
She
SANG.
Helping verbs do what it sounds like, they help the main verb in the sentence express the action or state of being.
Helping verbs can't stand alone and still have meaning.
For example:
Jack Skellington
has been bringing
Christmas to Halloweentown.
Main verb
helping verbs
Wait! Wait! Wait!
What does that mean?
Take a look at this sentence:

I
will

dance

the Dougie.

Now, take out the helping verb
"will".

Does the sentence still make sense?
YES! "I dance the Dougie" still makes sense.
NO! "I will the Dougie" does not make any sense.
Now, take out the main verb
"dance"
, does the sentence still make sense?
Something
Something else
But wait, there's more!
An action verb tells you what the subject of the sentence is doing.

The Dodgers

went

to the World Series.
A linking verb links the subject of a sentence to

something about it.

Jenna Marbles
felt
sick after riding Space Mountain.
subject
describes the subject
verb linking the subject to information about the subject.
Is Kermit the Muppet Show?
No, Kermit is a frog.
This verb is action, not linking.
Transitive Verbs
A transitive verb is a verb that expresses an action directed toward a noun.
Brunhilda
kicked
the ball.
Subject
Action
Noun that receives the action
(Object)
TRANS
itive verbs are action verbs that
TRANS
fer their action to the receiver.
Try this!
Taylor Swift broke up with Harry Styles.
Who is the subject of the sentence?
What is the action being performed?
Who is the object (who is receiving the action)?
How did you do?
Taylor Swift broke up with Harry Styles.
Subject
Action
Object
(who receives the action)
Try this!!!
The astronomer calculated the distance to the galaxy.
Who is the subject of the sentence?
What is the action being performed?
Who or what is the object?
(Who or what is receiving the action)?
Write the answers on your Exit Slip:
Subject:
Action:
Object:
Intransitive Verbs
An intransitive verb expresses action (or tells something about the subject) without the action passing to the object (the receiver).
IN
transitive verbs are verbs that DO NOT transfer action to anyone or anything.
IN-
is a Latin prefix meaning "not"
The children played quietly.
Subject
Action
The object
Try this!
Mrs. Loera is baking this afternoon.
Who is the subject of the sentence?
What is the action being performed?
What is the object of the sentence?
The action "played" is not being passed to "quietly", it is referring to (or describing) HOW the children are performing the verb "played".
How did you do?
Mrs. Loera is baking this afternoon.
Action
Object
Subject
The action "is baking" is not directed toward "this afternoon", it is directed to "Mrs. Loera" who is doing the baking.
Try this!
Write the answers on your Exit Slip:
Subject:
Action:
Object:
Shakira returns from her world tour tomorrow.
Who is the subject of the sentence?
What is the action being performed?
What is the object of the sentence?
On a separate piece of paper, write one sentence using a
helping verb
and one sentence using a
linking verb
.
***Leave space, we'll be putting two more sentences on this paper.***
Adverbs


Definition: an adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Do you remember what adjectives do?
Adjectives describe nouns.
Adverbs function in a similar way.
Adverbs describe verbs.
Adverbs
Adverbs answer the following questions.
Where?
When?
How?
How often?
How long?
To what extent?
How much?
For example
Where?
We played outside.
The books are inside.
When?
She will sing tomorrow.
They will be here soon.
How?
He walked slowly.
We finished the project easily.
How often?
OR
how long
?
I always drink coffee in the morning.
We usually start class with silent reading.
To what extent
? OR
how much
?
I am quite lucky to know you.
It is not rainy outside.
On your seperate sheet of paper:
Write one sentence using a
transitive verb
.
On your seperate sheet of paper...
Write one sentence using an
intransitive verb.
Prepositions
A preposition is a word that shows the relationship of a noun or pronoun to another word in the rest of the sentence.
CeeLo Green coaches
on
The Voice.
On
connects the noun "
The Voice
" to the verb "
coaches
"
Coaches
where?
ON

The Voice.
Think of it this way:
It's a word that describes the relationship between this caterpillar and this apple.
Video: A Merit Badge is Just Like a Cat
(Grammaropolis)
Be on the lookout for Fun Facts during the video.
Be on the lookout for the Edmodo logo, that means you can access this content online at home!
Video: Lights, Camera, Action Verb!
Grammaropolis
Video: Linking Verbs
Video: Do You Qualify?
Grammaropolis
3:56
3:58
2:12
3:54
Video: Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
Total 9:05
Begins at 4:02
Prepositional Phrase
The prepositional phrase includes a preposition, a noun or pronoun (called the object of the preposition), and any modifiers to the object.
Jesse and Jeana prank each other
on
their YouTube channel.
preposition
Jesse and Jeana prank each other
on

their YouTube

channel
.
preposition
Noun
(object of the preopsition)
modifiers
(describing 'channel')
Just because the word is a preposition doesn't mean that it's
functioning as
a preposition FOREVER!!!
Take a look at the following sentences and see if you can tell the difference:
Beyonce fell down the stairs.
Put your Nintendo DS down!
What's the difference?
The difference is...
***prepositions can only exist as prepositions inside prepositional phrases***
Beyonce fell down the stairs.
Put your Nintendo DS down!
preposition
modifier
(modifying 'stairs')
noun- the object of the preposition
A preposition functioning as an ADVERB- Describes where you're putting your Nintendo DS
No object, the sentence has ended
Conjunctions
A conjunction is a word that joins words or word groups.
F
A
N
B
O
Y
S

O
R

N
D

That's it! These are all of your conjunctions!!!
O
R

U
T

R
E
T
Remembering conjunctions is simple...
Examples
Do not talk during the lesson,
for
you will miss the information.
Study hard
and
you will pass the test.
We didn't eat dinner,
nor
did we go to the movies.
She has read the Hunger Games,
but
she has not seen the movie.
Do you like The Beatles
or
the Rolling Stones?
I left for school early,
yet
I was late because of the parent line.
It was raining
so
we went to the movies.
Try this!
On your Exit Ticket,
write your answers:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
1. I'll be home late,
[answer]
I have basketball practice until 4:30.

2. We can go to Disneyland,
[answer]

you will have to drive.

3. Nicki Minaj
[answer]
Taylor Swift are annoying.

4. I didn't do my homework
[answer]
I had to call home.

5. For vacation, we will go to Hawaii
[answer]
New Orleans.

6. I find Katy Perry's music neither good
[answer]
bad.

7. I asked you to be quiet
[answer]
you continued to talk.
Conjunctunctions
connect
Video: Let's Bring It All Together
Grammaropolis
one phrase
to
another phrase.

Correlative Conjunctions
Correlative conjunctions are
pairs

of conjunctions that join words or word groups that are used in the same way.
Basically, they join things that are the same.
Correlative conjunction pairs ALWAYS stay together.
Think:
BFF's
Correlative Conjunction Pairs
both....................and
either....................or
neither....................nor
not only....................but also
whether.....................or
you'll have the second one.
If you have the first one,
Try this!
On your Exit Ticket, write your answer.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.
[answer]
keep you cell phone in your backpack
[answer]
get a referral.

2. After the game we were
[answer]
thirsty
[answer]
tired.

3.
[answer]
Period 4
[answer]
Period 6 won the Donut Man competition.

4.
[answer]
you take a bus
[answer]
train, you'll get here eventually.

5. [answer]

Mickey Mouse
[answer]
Pluto live in ToonTown
And finally...
Interjections!!!
An interjection is not grammatically related to the rest of the sentence.
An interjection is a word that expresses emotion.
An interjection is usually set apart from the sentence by an exclamation point or a comma.
Video: Interjections
Schoolhouse Rock!
3:01
Created by Mr. Laffin
Chaparral Middle School
Diamond Bar, CA
Created by Mr. Laffin
Language Arts 7
Chaparral Middle School
Diamond Bar, CA
All photo and video rights belong to their respective owners.
Also called "coordinating conjunctions".
***Remember***
ALWAYS take a look at how the word is functioning within the sentence!!!
O
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