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Poetry for Children
Transcript of Poetry for Children
by Shel Silverstein Free Verse Limericks Lyric Poems Narrative Poems Rhythm and Rhyme Sound Patterns Figurative Language Characteristics of Poetry Rhythm: the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line that gives poetry its beat or tempo
Rhyme: two or more words with the same ending sounds but different beginning sounds Figurative Language: creates imagery in the mind of the reader Alliteration: repetition of initial consonant sounds in neighboring words
ex: Jill drank juice joyously.
Assonance: repetition of vowel sounds within words
ex: Shawn the frog made saucy dogs. tells a story
usually has setting, characters, events, and a climax
generally are longer poems
often use the rhyming scheme ABCB Humorous five-line verses with a rhyming scheme of AABBA. Lines follow a syllable count of 8, 8, 6, 6, 8. focus on a single experience
describes the feeling of a moment
many different stanza forms used can be rhymed or unrhymed
has irregular rhythmic patterns and line lengths
aims to recreate the free rhythms of natural speech Langston Hughes
Edgar Allan Poe
Elizabeth Barrett Browning
E. E. Cummings
William Butler Yeats
Thomas Hardy Robert Browning's "The Pied Piper of Hamelin" (1842)
Clement C. Moore's "The Night Before Christmas" (1849)
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Paul Revere's Ride" (1863
Kate Greenaway's "Under the Window" (1879)
Robert Louis Stevenson's "A Child's Garden of Verses" (1885)
Alfred Noyes' "The Highwayman" (1906)
A. A. Milne's "When We Were Very Young" (1924) and "Now We Are Six" (1927) Simile: comparison of two things that are unlike using the words 'like' or 'as'
ex: Elizabeth is graceful like a swan.
Metaphor: comparison that is implied through analogy
ex: Elizabeth's eyes are glowing embers.
Personification: the representation of animals, ideas, and things as having human qualities
ex: The words of her poem leaped off the page. Ex: Excerpt from "The Night Before Christmas" by Clement C. Moore 'Twas the night before Christmas,
when all through the house
Not a creature was stirring,
not even a mouse.
The stockings were hung
by the chimney with care,
In hopes that St. Nicholas
soon would be there. There was an old man from Peru
Who dreamed he was eating his shoe.
He awoke in the night
In a terrible fright
And found it was perfectly true! Concrete Poems Words are arranged to form a pictorial representation of the subject. They are not written in stanzas, and they may or may not rhyme. Ex: "I Heard a Bird Sing" by Oliver Herford
I heard a bird sing
In the dark of December
A magical thing
And sweet to remember:
"We are nearer to Spring
Than we were in September,"
I heard a bird sing
In the dark of December. Ex: "April Rain Song" by Langston Hughes
Let the rain kiss you.
Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops.
Let the rain sing you a lullaby.
The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk.
The rain makes running pools in the gutter.
The rain plays a little sleep-song on our roof at night--
And I love the rain. Haiku consists of seventeen syllables arranged in lines of five, seven, and five syllables
subject is usually something in nature The full moon's bright light,
Casting shadows in the snow
Like the noonday sun. Source: Anderson, Nancy. (2006). Elementary Children’s Literature. Boston, MA: Pearson Education Corporation. Image Source: http://bookmineset.blogspot.com/2007/09/poetry-friday-writers-diary-35.html