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The Meaning of Adult Education & Critical Theory

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Jamie Davis

on 6 November 2014

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Transcript of The Meaning of Adult Education & Critical Theory

The Meaning of Adult Education & Critical Theory
Group Activity - Debate
Eduard Lindeman - The Man
Lindeman's The Meaning of Adult Education
Brookfield Interview - Adult Education Today
Dr. Stephen Brookfield - The Man
Repositioning Ideology Critique in a Critical Theory of Adult Learning
Brookfield Interview - Critical Thinking
Critical Theory Activity
Site Visit - Home Depot - How to Tile
Group Activity - Debate
Divide into two teams - left side of room verses right side of room
Discuss your argument - Which Lindeman principal is most important - 5 minutes
Choose your panel - 3 members from your group
Debate your side - each group gets 3 minutes (1 minute per person)
Winning team will be rewarded - Presenting group will determine the winner
Eduard Lindeman - 1885 - 1953
Personal & Professional Experiences
Orphaned at a young age
Worked manual labor jobs until being accepted to the Sub Freshman program at age 22
Never attended graduate school
Social activist
Taught college courses for 28 years
Malcolm Knowle's first mentor
Thought to be
The Father of Adult Education
Termed Andragogy in 1927
The Meaning of Adult Education
in just a few weeks
Brookfield - Interview on Adult Education Today
The Meaning of Adult Education
Four principles of adult education
Education is a life-long activity
Adult education is non-vocational
Adult education should emphasize situations, not subjects
Adult education should place primary emphasis on the learner’s experiences
"[But] Adult education [more accurately defined] begins where vocational education leaves off."
"No one, probably, needs adult education so much as the college graduate."
Dr. Stephen Brookfield - 1949 - Liverpool, England
BA - History and Politics
MA - Theoretical Sociology
Professor of Adult & Higher Education for 10 years
Taught in England, Canada, Australia, USA
Now an Adjunct Professor in Public Safety & Law Enforcement Leadership
Authored 17 books on Adult Education & Critical Thinking
Many distinctions including induction into the International Adult Education Hall of Fame (2009)
Repositioning Ideology Critique in a Critical Theory of Adult Learning
What is Critical Theory?
A school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
Core issues
The critique of modernities and of capitalist society,
The definition of social emancipation and the perceived pathologies of society.
How does Critical Theory of adult learning differ from other theories?
Normatively grounded
Verification is impossible until the social vision is realized
How does Critical Theory contribute to Adult Learning?
Brookfield - Interview on Critical Thinking
Maa Ahema Parry, Laura Blackburn, Jamie Davis, Sandra Whalen
Critical Theory Activity
In your own terms, how would you define or how do you understand critical theory?

How would you know if someone is a critical theorist or what does it mean to be a critical theorist?
Critical theory is a perspective that supports asking questions. Upon Seeing an Orange Gender theory asks:

What possibilities are available to a woman who eats this orange? To a man?

What will the Critical theory ask?
Lindeman References

Brookfield, S. (1984). The contribution of Eduard Lindeman to the development of theory and philosophy in adult education. Adult Education Quarterly, 34(4), 185-196.

Brookfield, S. (1987). Eduard Lindeman. In P. Jarvis (Ed.). Twentieth century thinkers in adult education, pp. 119-143. New York, NY: Croom Helm.

Chaiklin, H. (2007). Eduard C. Lindeman: A neglected social work giant. The Maryland Social Worker, March/April 2007. Retrieved from http://www.socialwelfarehistory.com/people/lindeman-eduard-a-neglected-social-work-giant-2/

Lindeman, E. (1926). The Meaning of Adult Education. New York, NY: New Republic, Inc.

National Association of Social Workers (2014). Retrieved from http://www.naswfoundation.org/pioneers/l/lindeman.html

Nixon-Ponder, S. (1995). Eduard C. Lindeman. Leaders in the field of adult education. Kent State University, Ohio Literacy Resource Center. Washington, DC: Department of Education.

Smith, M. K. (1997, 2004). Eduard Lindeman and the meaning of adult education, The Encyclopaedia of Informal Education. Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/thinkers/et-lind.htm

Stewart, D. (1987). Adult learning in America: Eduard Lindeman and his agenda for lifelong education. Malabar, FL: Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company.
Brookfield References

Merriam, S. B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L. M. (2007). Learning in adulthood: A comprehensive guide, 3rd edition. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass, Inc.

Brookfield, S. (2001). Repositioning ideology critique in a critical theory of adult learning. Adult Education Quarterly, 52(1), 7-22



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