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US Should Promote Democracy
Transcript of US Should Promote Democracy
Democratic Peace Theory
Open Intervention Works
Economic Relations Human Rights and Democracy US founded on freedom
Universal Declaration of Human Rights- United Nations General Assembly Dec. 10, 1948
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor (DRL)
Both sides of the isle support spreading Democracy Global rules and regulations
All human beings are:
Endowed with reason and conscience
Should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood
Learn the truth and state the facts
Take a stand on past, present, and future abuse
Forge and maintain partnerships with those committed to human rights -“…I am convinced that ultimately government of the people, by the people, and for the people is more likely to bring about the stability, prosperity, and individual opportunity that serve as a basis for peace in our world….
Around the globe, people are making their voices heard, insisting on their innate dignity, and the right to determine their future.
…the path to democracy does not end with the casting of a ballot. Nelson Mandela once said: ‘To be free is not merely to cast off one’s chains, but to live in a way that respects and enhances the freedom of others.’”
-President Barack Obama Democratic Peace Theory: Advanced democracies rarely go to war with one another Democratic leaders must answer to the opinion of their constituents
An emphasis on settling disputes peacefully through negotiation without the use of force If a majority of the people are opposed to war, a democratically elected government may find it difficult to engage in war (think pluralism)
Example: FDR wanted to go to war against Japan and Germany, but the majority of the population opposed it until Pearl Harbor World’s leading democracies (US, GB, France) have been allies throughout history.
Key Democratic Values: freedom, inclusion, equality, equity, respect, tolerance, compromise US Intervention Works Study by Meernik James in 1996-
Have US Interventions been successful in promoting democracy? Findings:
Most countries experience no change, but 22% end up more democratic after 3 years, with only 4% less democratic
When US presidents openly cite democracy promotion, success rates are even higher Examined US military interventions to support Democracy transparency = support = results ECONOMIC REASONING Freedom of expression and innovation
Laws reassure investors to promote growth and discourage corruption Council on Foreign Relations- Democracies promote long-term economic growth Example: Jonathan T. Dovi, Heritage Foundation
The Need to Promote Democracy in Indonesia
-Indonesia is recovering from the Suharto Dictatorship (1967-1998)
-Suffers from sectarian violence and a weak economy, leftover from the Suharto-era policies
-Suharto originally helped the country’s economy, but eventually his government began embezzling IMF money and oppressing ethnic minorities
-Indonesia is important to US interests in Southeast Asia
-1998: Bought $2 billion in exports from US, supporting more than 32,600 jobs
-Oversees important ocean trade routes
-80% of Japan’s oil supply passes through this area
-70% of Korea’s oil supply as well
-As the largest global Islamic population, Indonesia serves as an example of moderate Islamic views and policies
-Part of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) that negotiates with China, aiming to open up territory in the South China Sea
-Would drastically free up more available trade in the area
-Supports the US navy by providing safe harbor and running naval exercises with US fleets in the area -Governments protect human rights and freedoms, but local populations support governments that provide for them economically
Krishna Kumar, Center for Development and Evaluation, USAID