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The Mediterreanian World

history project for mr babers 7th period orange day class

Victoria Villar

on 4 May 2010

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Transcript of The Mediterreanian World

Byzantine Empire Western Europe Islam Fall of the Roman Empire Justinian's rule The Byzantine culture Muhammad Spread of Islam Islamic cultural contributions Beginning of Western Europe Feudalism Invaders Creations Founder of Islam who preached to the people and inspired the spread of Islam. Islam spread to Asia, Africa, the Fertile Cresent, and Central Asia because of the weak Byzantine and Persian empires. The Dome of the Rock, the Arabic alphabet and numbers, universities, algebra, medicine, and geography were all imporaint contributions. They also translated many ancient texts into Arabic, which preserves Greek learning. During the decline of the western Roman Empire, Constanine moved the capitol to Byzantium, which he re-named Constantinople. He chose Constantinople because it was far from Barbarian invasions, was easily defendable and was in the center of the Baltic/ Black sea trade. The Byzantine Empire preserved Greco-Roman culture, but also created a unique culture of its own, including the Cryillic alphabet. Through the Baltic/Black sea trade the Byzantine empire spread its culture and greatly influenced the development of Russia. Byzantine Empire Western Empire Islam Once Islam began to expand, it spread throughout the Middle East, North Africa and almost all of Spain. It wasn't until it had reached France that Christians were able to halt its growth at the Battle of Tours. The Quran the Islamic Holy book. The Dome of the Rock is now a Muslim temple in the city of Jerusalem. It now stands on the old base of Solomon's Temple which was the most importaint Jewish temple. The Hagia Sophia was an Eastern Orthodox Church built during the Byzantine Empire. It later became a Muslim mosque. The capitol of the Roman Empire was moved to Constantinople in the Fourth Century. When babarians destroyed the western part of the empire, the eastern empire became known as the Byzantine Empire.
Justinian is the most famous Byzantine emperor. He was responsible for creating Justinian's Code and for the creation of the Hagia Sophia. He also made a valient attempt to reconquer the west. Western Europe fell into darkness after the fall of the Roman Empire. What once
was Rome was Rome no longer. Invaders attacked and sacked Rome constantly, but beneath
all of this a ray of hope appeared. In order to protect themselves the People of western Europe created a type of government called Feudalism. It was a social structure that was based on protection and loyalty. This government came with a king, lords, vassals, and finally peasants, all of which contributed to protect what little population there was.
Between the sacking of Rome different invaders emerged
Vikings-came form Scandanavia and settled in Ireland, Britain, and Russia
Magyars-came from central Asia and settled in central Europe
Angles and Saxons-came from Northern Europe and settled in England.
The Church spread Latin, established monastaries, and preserved Greco-Roman writing. During the Crusades trading was open which led to the interaction of countries. This experience spread learning and made writing and reading more important. The Vikings were the most fearsome warriors of the Dark Ages.
In order to protect themselves kings built castles to defend against invaders. The Black Death wiped out a third of Europe's population. Scientists believed that the plague originated in China and that the Monguls were the first to be infected. Doctors of the time believed they could avoid the plague if they wore masks and carried posies inside their pockets. The Crusades were a series of wars fought in the name of God and the Catholic Church.
They opened the west back up for trade and were one of the many reasons the Dark Ages ended. Mecca and Medina are the two holiest Muslim cities. THE END The Mediterranean World Language: Latin Greek

Leader: Pope Patriarch

Based In: Rome Constantinople

Priests: Celibate Married Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox The Church
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