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The Mediterreanian World
Transcript of The Mediterreanian World
Justinian is the most famous Byzantine emperor. He was responsible for creating Justinian's Code and for the creation of the Hagia Sophia. He also made a valient attempt to reconquer the west. Western Europe fell into darkness after the fall of the Roman Empire. What once
was Rome was Rome no longer. Invaders attacked and sacked Rome constantly, but beneath
all of this a ray of hope appeared. In order to protect themselves the People of western Europe created a type of government called Feudalism. It was a social structure that was based on protection and loyalty. This government came with a king, lords, vassals, and finally peasants, all of which contributed to protect what little population there was.
Between the sacking of Rome different invaders emerged
Vikings-came form Scandanavia and settled in Ireland, Britain, and Russia
Magyars-came from central Asia and settled in central Europe
Angles and Saxons-came from Northern Europe and settled in England.
The Church spread Latin, established monastaries, and preserved Greco-Roman writing. During the Crusades trading was open which led to the interaction of countries. This experience spread learning and made writing and reading more important. The Vikings were the most fearsome warriors of the Dark Ages.
In order to protect themselves kings built castles to defend against invaders. The Black Death wiped out a third of Europe's population. Scientists believed that the plague originated in China and that the Monguls were the first to be infected. Doctors of the time believed they could avoid the plague if they wore masks and carried posies inside their pockets. The Crusades were a series of wars fought in the name of God and the Catholic Church.
They opened the west back up for trade and were one of the many reasons the Dark Ages ended. Mecca and Medina are the two holiest Muslim cities. THE END The Mediterranean World Language: Latin Greek
Leader: Pope Patriarch
Based In: Rome Constantinople
Priests: Celibate Married Roman Catholic Eastern Orthodox The Church