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Components of Language
Transcript of Components of Language
The five components of language are categorized into one of three groups.
Form, Content, and Use.
Form includes the components that connect sounds and symbols in order. There are three components of language that fall under form. They are syntax, morphology, and phonology.
Syntax is the organizational rules specifying word order, sentence organization, and word relationships.
Morphology is an aspect of language concerned with rules governing change in meaning at the intra-word level.
Content is the second of the three components. It encompasses meaning or semantics.
Semantics is a system of rules governing the meaning or content of words and word combinations.
The 5 Components of Language
Because language is a very complex system, it is best explained when broken down into its functional components.
Phonology is the aspect of language concerned with the rules governing the structure, distribution, and sequencing of speech-sounds patterns.
Use is the last of the three components. It refers to the use of language otherwise known as pragmatics.
Pragmatics is the study of language in context and concentrates on language as a communication tool that is used to achieve social ends. In other words, pragmatics is concerned with the way language is used to communicate rather than with the way language is structured.
Pragmatics is the overall organizing aspect of language. Language is heavily influenced by context. Context, both situational and linguistic, determines the language user's communication options. In addition, a need to communicate exists prior to the selection of content and form. It is only when a child desires something that he or she employs the rules of syntax, morphology, phonology, and semantics in order to form a request.
Relationship of Language Components