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UNIT 4 AOS 1:
Transcript of UNIT 4 AOS 1:
UNITED NATIONS SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS 1,2,3,4,5,6,8,16)
why they are important;
ACHIEVING THE sdg'S
UNIT 4 AOS 1: (PART 2)
INTRODUCING GLOBAL HEALTH & HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Sustainable Development Goals ----- Poverty ----- United Nations HDI ----- Sustainability ----- Sustainable Human Development ----- Malnutrition ----- Gender parity ----- U5MR ----- Maternal Mortality ----- Hypertension ----- Prenatal Care ----- Obstetric care ----- Antenatal Care ----- Anti-retroviral Drugs ----- Biodiversity ----- Global Warming ----- Official Development Assistance (ODA)
The 17 SDGs aim to:
END EXTREME POVERTY
FIGHT INEQUALITY AND INJUSTICE
TACKLE CLIMATE CHANGE
Formed in September
when world leaders met at UN headquarters
193 member states (COUNTRIES)
endorse and are assisting in achieving the 17 SDGs by 2030.
Each goal has set a number of
which are monitored and a number of
of the goals set
ROLE OF THE UN
Not solely responsible but assists with monitoring the progress.
ROLE OF WHO
Works with individual countries to assist with progression (especially disadvantaged countries.)
ROLE OF WORLD LEADERS
To advocate and promote the SDGs.
ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENTS
To keep their promise to tackle the SDGs by taking ownership and creating national frameworks for the achievement of the SDGs
ROLE OF ALL COUNTRIES
Countries will mobilise efforts to continue on from the success of the MDGs and end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change to ensure no country gets left behind over the next 15 years.
All countries no matter rich or poor also have a role in promoting prosperity and protecting the planet.
All countries are to collect responsible, accurate data to monitor the progress of the SDGs.
How the sdg'S CONTRIBUTE TO GLOBAL HEALTH AND SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
PURPOSE OF SDG 1
Remove poverty and inequality within and among nations.
End all forms of poverty by 2030
Eradicate extreme poverty (Less than $1.25.day)
Reduce by 1/2 the proportion of people living in poverty
Implement social protection systems
Ensure equal rights and access to essential resources and services
Building resilience of those in vulnerable situations
REASONS WHY SDG 1 IMPORTANT
Lack of income leads to a lack or resources (food/water) and infrastructure (healthcare/shelter)
Poverty contributes to malnutrition, reducing immune function and increases mortality rates from preventable diseases.
Lack of income reduces the capacity for a country to develop its economy, which reduces the levels of human development.
Even though rates have decreased, over 800 million people still live in poverty.
PURPOSE OF SDG 2
End all forms of hunger/malnutrition, especially children
Promote sustainable agriculture which will also assist with providing sustainable incomes for small food producers
Provide equal access to land and resources
Maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, plants and animals
Address trade restrictions for disadvantage farmers
Increase investment in agriculture infrastructure, research and technology
Maintain ecosystems and adapt to climate change
REASONS WHY SDG 2 IMPORTANT
Around 13% of the world are undernourished
Malnutrition is the biggest contributor to child mortality
Eliminating hunger will reduce the risk of premature death and illness, promoting productive populations as more people are well enough to work/attend school. This in turn can assist in increasing incomes and reducing poverty.
REASONS WHY SDG 3 IS IMPORTANT
Many children die each day from preventable diseases
Only 1/2 pregnant women receive the minimum 4 antenatal visits
Many women are dying during pregnancy or from childbirth complications in developing regions
If health improves, people can be more productive by working or attending school
PURPOSE OF SDG 3
Promote physical and mental health and wellbeing and extend life expectancy
Reduce global maternal mortality to less than 70/100000
End preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5
End the epidemic of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases
Combat hepatitis, water borne diseases and communicable diseases
Reduce by 1/3 premature mortality from non communicable diseases
Promote mental health and wellbeing
Strengthen the prevention and treatment of substance abuse (drugs/alcohol)
1/2 global deaths and injuries from road traffic accidents
Achieve universal health coverage (including sexual and reproductive health), including access to affordable essential vaccines and medicines
PURPOSE OF SDG 4
Girls/boys having equal access to high quality education at all levels
Ensure all children have access to quality early childhood development
Develop vocational skill needed for employment
Eliminate all disparities in education (including the disabled)
Ensure all youth and adult have adequate literacy and numeracy skills
Build and upgrade education facilities
Expand the number of scholarships available to developing countries
Increase the number of qualified teachers
REASONS WHY SDG 4 IS IMPORTANT
Education promotes literacy, which leads to greater employment prospects and increased income. An income provides the capacity to purchase nutritious food, shelter, clean water and healthcare. Those who are educated are also more likely to ensure their own children are educated.
124 million children are not enrolled in school and 757 million adults (2/3 women) can't read/write therefore limiting their employment prospects
REASONS WHY MDG 5 IS IMPORTANT
Gender equality is human right
Educating women and girls is the single most effective measure to raise overall economic productivity , lower infant/maternal mortality, educate the next generation and promote health
Educated girls marry later, less likely to experience sexual violence and more likely to protect themselves fro HIV/AIDs and other diseases
Educated mothers have fewer and healthier children and more likely to immunise their children
1/3 women have been subject to physical or sexual violence
Women are still underrepresented in many aspects of political, economic and public life
PURPOSE OF SDG 5
End discrimination and violence against women and girls including human trafficking and sexual exploitation
Eliminate harmful practices suchas child/forced marriage and genital mutilation
Recognise and value unpaid domestic work
Ensure women's full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership
PURPOSE OF SDG 6
ensuring that all people are able to enjoy clean water and adequate sanitation.
Improve water quality by reducing pollution, eliminating dumping and minimising the release of hazardous materials
Protect and restore water related ecosystems
Support the participation of local communities in water and sanitation management
REASONS WHY SDG 6 IS IMPORTANT
Alot of children die daily due to contaminated water and poor sanitation
Lack of access to clean water and sanitation is a major contributor to malnutrition and poverty
PURPOSE OF SDG 8
Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all women and men and people with a disability
Enable sustained per capita economic growth
Increase economic productivity
Implement a global strategy for youth employment
Implement policies to promote sustainable tourism that creates jobs and promotes local culture
Increase aid for trade support for developing countries
REASONS WHY SDG 8 IS IMPORTANT
Decent work an productive employment means people are able to earn an income and improve their standard of living
Billions of people live below the US $2 poverty line
1 million people (generally children) are forced into labour long hours in unsafe environments
the 5 p'S
The goals will lead to action over the next 15 years in five areas of importance:
PURPOSE OF SDG 16
Reduce all forms of violence and related deaths
End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against children
Promote law at national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all
Stop all forms of organised crime
Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels
Provide legal identity for all, including birth registration
Ensure responsive inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels
Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in global governance
Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms
Strengthen relevant national institutions, particularly in developing countries, to prevent violence and stop terrorism and crime
Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development.
REASONS WHY SDG 16 IS IMPORTANT
When people are not protected by the law they can be forced to leave their land, and denied access to healthcare and education.
As well as causing death, injury and displacement, armed conflict destroys communities and infrastructure, disrupts markets and diverts resources away from development of sectors such as education, health and social welfare.
Corruption is common in many developing countries, particularly within the police and judicial systems.
What you need to be able to know and do
Creating an environment where people:
can develop to their full potential
can lead productive lives in accord with needs and interests
It is about:
expanding people's choices and enhancing opportunities
having access to education, health and decent standard of living
people participating in their community and decisions affecting their lives
"Is where all development is carried out to satisfy the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs"
"Refers to the health of the population in a worldwide context that goes beyond the perspectives and concerns of individual countries. Global health is about an international collaborative approach to achieving equity in health for people worldwide."
of Human Development
is measured by
is measured by
Mean Years of Schooling
Expected Years of Schooling
Standard of living
is measured by
Gross National Income
ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT:
Human Development and the SDGs
SDGs have been implemented to reduce inequalities which exist and ensure sustainable development can be enhanced.
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
"Ensuring that future generations also have the skills, knowledge and resources needed to achieve their full potential and lead productive, creative lives in accordance with their needs and interests"
Develop to full potential
Leading productive lives
Health, Education, Living standards
Participaing in their community
SUSTAINABLE HUMAN DEVELOPMENT