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WORKING MEMORY

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Trinidad García

on 14 March 2015

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Transcript of WORKING MEMORY

WHAT ARE EF?
Generation, regulation and adjustment of the behavior

Cognitive and emotional components

Hierarchical organization of the brain

EXECUTIVE FUNCTIONS: A FOCUS ON WORKING MEMORY

WHAT IS WM?
Let´s test your WM!!
HOW IS WM MEASURED?
Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
Here you are some tasks
WM AND LEARNING
Powerful predictor of academic success

The strongest correlation is with Maths
Specially in early stages (Number sense)

Task performance
Instructions, rules and procedures
Feedback from previous tasks
Response monitoring
STRUCTURE OF THE SESSION
What are executive functions?
What is WM?
How is WM measured?
WM and its impact on learning
How to improve WM
Trinidad García
University of Oviedo (Spain)
garciatrinidad@uniovi.es

Information storage and processing
Short period of time
Visuo-spatial/Verbal (Auditory)

Key features:
concentration
focus/inhibition
information manipulation
Slave systems
Storage
Coordination
Inhibition
Updating
Shifting

Limits to WM
Distraction
Information overload
Task demands
Emotional states (Stress/Anxiety)
http://www.softschools.com/games/logic_games/tower_of_hanoi/
HOW TO IMPROVE WM
Overcoming barriers to WM
"Brain Training"
Encoding, maintenance, and/or retrieval from WM
Sequential processing
Frequent memory updating
Reduce information overload
Avoid distractors
Yerkes-Dodson's Law (1908)
Full transcript