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Common Name: Malaria Scientific Name: Plasmodium Falciparum
Bob Flappingahon 30 September 2012
Transcript of Common Name: Malaria Scientific Name: Plasmodium Falciparum
Scientific Name: Plasmodium Falciparum By Grace Daniels What is the size of Plasmodium Falciparum? How does Plasmodium Falciparum obtain food? Here is a picture of Classifacation of Plasmodium Falciparum More classifacation of Plasmodium Falciparum What is the habitat of Plasmodium Falciparum? Here is a picture of an Plasmodium Falciparum has a genome size of c. 23 MB, Composed of 14 chromosomes. They range in size between 0.7-3.3 MB, and are numbered in order of ascending size. There are estimated to be around 5,300 genes in the genome. The Malaria parasite requires Amino acids for the synthesis of it's proteins. The 3 sources of Amino acids are: De Nova synthesis, import from host plasma, and digestion of host Hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is an extremely abundant protein in
the Erythrocyte Cytoplasm and serves as the
major source of Amino acids for the parasite. Plasmodium Falciparum Plasmodium Falciparum is most often found in areas that are comperable to the lifestyle of the vector that transmits it. Since Plasmodium Falciparum is carried by infected female Anopheles Gambiae mosquitoes to the vertebrate human host, tropical and subtropical areas are the most greatly affected. Specific countries that are highly affected are tropical regions of China, India, Southeast Asia, And Soth and Central America. Sub-Saharan Africa also contains a high occurance rate. The center for disease control states that, due to global warming and climate changes, the niches may spread out to farther countries. An increase of travel and a lack of knowledge of transport precautions also increases the risk for other countries. Domain---Eukarya---Plasmodium Falciparum is considered eukaryotic due to the cellular structure, and since it contains organelles.
Kingdom---Alveolata---Alveolata contains protists that used to belong to protista , the artificial kingdom. While the kingdom varies greatly, organisms in this kingdom do have similarities in structure and genetics.
Phylum---Apicomplexa---Apicomplexa contains organisms that have no individual form of motion, except for their gametes.
Class---Aconoidasida---Aconoidasida have a tip at the end of their form which allows them to enter other organisms. They secrete enzymes to aid in penetrating the other species. Infected mosquitoe biting a human. Order---Haemosporida---Haemosporida literally means blood spores. All members of this phylum are parasitic in vertebrate hosts.
Family---Plasmodida---Plasmodium (Laverania) a family in Haemosporida. Lavernia was the old generic name for Malaria causing Haemosporida Protozoa.
Species---Plasmodium Falciparum---Four forms of Malaria Plasmodium exist: Plasmodium Falciparum, Vivax, Ovale, and Malariae. Plasmodium Falciparum is by far the most deadly, which also leads to increased research for a vaccine.
Plasmodium Falciparum is a protozoan parasite which can infect humans, causing the disease Malaria. It is spread primarily by the bite of infected Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria causes over 1 Million deaths per year. The disease is most prevalent in Africa, where it kills one child every 30 seconds. It is estimated that appx. 40% of the worlds population is at risk. Malaria can be treated with drugs, but it is quickly developing drug resistance, and most areas at risk are poor and without acess to new (or any) treatment. What is Plasmodium Falciparum's relationship to humans? http://malaria.wellcome.ac.uk/doc_WTD023865.html