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Culture vs Objectivity

Researching Journalism
by

Kait Bolongaro

on 11 March 2013

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Transcript of Culture vs Objectivity

Noort Bakx, Kait Bolongaro, Pericles Carvalho, Chuchu Liu, Emilie Lukman, Camille Roch, Lingwei Shao The End of Objectivity? Research Question How does culture and journalist's identities impact their work and does it challenge objectivity? Research Approach A qualitative research design based on a controlled study environment and inductive coding of discourse analysis


By constructing a news making environment free of the influence of economic or political power, we aim to gain theoretical knowledge on objectivity levels of practicing journalists. Motivation of Study: This study is significant:

As the media landscape is changing, we have to adapt journalistic standards to a new media environment and rethink professional journalism. Everything in journalism has to be neutral and attempt to be more accepting that we cannot present pure truth.

Furthermore, journalism, seen from a cultural perspective, can be understood as a meaning-creating process. Therefore, it is essential to study the inner dynamics of journalistic processes. Literature Review "Journalism has attempted to break free of its objectivity paradigm, but only in the case of New Journalism was this attempt successful."
----Wien, Charlotte. "Defining Objectivity within Journalism." Nordicom Review 2 (2005): 3-15.

" it is precisely because journalists understand their frailties, they insist upon maintaining the pursuit of objectivity."
---- Stephen J., Berry. " Why Objectivity Still Matters" Nieman Reports59. 2 (Summer 2005): 15-16. Ethics Methods and Data Methods: Inductive qualitative study with a stratified sampling technique

Case study: Newsrooms in Canada, due to the country's linguistic, religion, cultural, ethnic, and racial diversity

4 newsrooms of major newspapers:
English: CBC and Globe and Mail
French: Radio Canada and Le Devoir

Subjects: 40 people in total, 10 individuals in each newsroom

EXPECTATION:
A journalist's multidimensional identities will effect how he or she presents news which, when operationalized, indicates that those who represent specific markers of identities (race, gender, sexuality, social class, religion, ethnicity) may be more sympathetic to issues that affect their identity groups than those who fall outside a particular category. Overall Benefits Educational : We are looking for a pattern from which we can reform Canadian media education. Resources Time Frame 8 researchers: 4 fluent in French and 4 fluent in English
8 laptops
SPSS Statistics (Coding software)
Scanner, Printer and Photocopier
Coffee Budget Breakdown How Disseminating Findings We will be disseminating our research findings to a mixture of paid and unpaid sources with a focus on relevant European, US and Canadian journals that may be interested.

European Journal of Communication
Media, Culture, Society
Journal of Political Communication
International Journal of Communication
Canadian Journal of Communication
Fédération Suisse des Journalistes
European Youth Press
New Media and Society
Media Psychology
Mass Communication and Society
Canadian Ministry of Education
Journalism Schools
Media that we interview
Canadian Association of Journalists
International Federation of Journalists Thank you for your consideration of our project.
Enjoy! Hypothesis Socio-cultural identity is a criteria journalists should consider as much as money, politics and editors. Thus, perhaps a journalist's multiple identities, the identifiers that inform and shape how they view and perceive the news, challenge objectivity is an ideal within the journalism profession. Total financial: 76,350 € = Total of
4 months Preparation
Investigation
Contacts
Literature Data analysis
Generalization
Report writing Field work
Interviews
Data collection = 1 month = 10 days
in Canada = 2 months Literature Review "Lately "objectivity" has come under fire, a casualty of a bitter battle over the future of journalism." (Introduction)
----Mindich, David T. Z. (1998) Just the Facts: how “objectivity” came to define American journalism, New York: New York University Press

" Occupational norms, such as criteria of objectivity and newsworthiness, provide journalism with a cushion against owners' potential partisanship" (p. 70)
---- Hackett, Robert A. and Zhao, Yuezhi (1998) Sustaining Democracy? Journalism and the politics of objectivity, Toronto: Garamond Press. Methods and Data Purpose: How is journalism going to be shaped in the future? Professional: Our conclusions may possibly reveal more understanding about how marketing is being shaped by outside factors. Industry policy : The results of this study may help to rethink the professional code's norm of objectivity. Literature Review "Intersectionality [as a methodology is] the relationships among multiple dimensions and modalities of social relations and subject formations." ---McCall, Leslie (2005) "The Complexity of Intersectionality." Journal of Women in Culture and Society, Vol. 30, No. 3, Spring 2005, pp. 1771–180 "All forms of identity hierarchy impinge on the social and legal interests of their members: biases based on race/ethnicity, sex/gender, sexual orientation and other identity features are relevant...Multidimensionality tends to promote awareness of patterns as well as particularities in social relations by studying in an interconnected way the specifics of subordination." ---Valdes, Francisco (1998) "Beyond Sexual Orientation in Queer Legal Theory: Majoritarianism, Multidimensionality, and Responsibility in Social Justice Scholarship or Legal Scholars as Cultural Warriors." 75 Denver University Law Review 1409. Other relevant scholars to be cited: Stuart Hall, D.L. Hutchinson, Kimberlé Crenshaw, and Patricia Hill Collins.
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