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The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Transcript of The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Have you ever heard of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in history class? If so, it's because it greatly impacted the shape and size of the United States.
Leading up to the Mexican American War
According to history.com the the Mexican American War had been greatly over the annexation of Texas to the United States. In 1836 Texas had gained its independence from Mexico. Mexico threatened to start a war if Texas was annexed to the United States. Land border issues occured after Texas was annexed and that sparked the Mexican American War.
The Mexican American War
According to history.com the war started when the Mexican soliders attacked on April 25, 1846. They attacked the U.S. soliders and General Zachary Taylor. Taylor called in reinforcements and fought off the Mexicans at the battle of Palo Alto And Resaca de la Palma. Since the Mexicans attacked congress immediately declared war.
The Treaty Ends the War
On September 1847 the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war. The Mexican Government surrendered and began peace negotiations. Nicholas Trist was a head person talking about the peace treaty. Mexico ceded to the U.S. upper California and New Mexico, this was known as the Mexican cession and it included present day Arizona, New Mexico, and parts of Utah, Nevada, and Colorado. The U.S. paid Mexico fifteen million dollars and all debts owned by U.S. citizens.
What is The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo?
Picture Curtousey of WorldMeets.US
Image courtesey of txtraders.com
The United States had a manifest destiny to spread to the Pacific Ocean.
It was the first war fought on U.S. soil.
The Treaty was named after the town it was signed in.
Image of General Zachary Taylor at the Battle of Palo Alto.
If Your Still Wondering Why the Treaty is Important You Won't Have to Wait Any Longer
Without the Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo we would not have much of California or New mexico.
The war may have continued many years past the time it did which could have caused more debt and poverty in todays world.
With out it the border between Mexico and America may not be the Rio Grande River.
The Gadsen Purchase
According to history.state.gov the Gadsen Puchase was an agreement between the United States and Mexico on 1854. The United States agreed to pay Mexico $10 million for a 29,670 square mileportion of Mexico that later became part of Arizona and New Mexico. The Gadsen Purchase provided the land for a way to cross to another continent. This was an attempt to resolve conflicts that lingered after the war.
The United States paid fifteen million dollars in compensation for the land and all U.S. citizens debts.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ended the war.
The Gadsden Purchase was made by the Untied States as a route around the mountains for the railroad.