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Moocs: new research questions and method?

To be presented at 1st WS on Computational and Educational Ecosystems UniTwin
by

Mille Alain

on 20 September 2016

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Transcript of Moocs: new research questions and method?

Research questions and methods
on the MOOCs
What's new?

The Web context
Outlines
Some Challenges (my choice)
What is a MOOC?
The web context
Challenges for TEL Research
The CNRS "COAT" Pilot in Lyon

Alain Mille
Presented for the first time at
the First e-Workshop on the Computational and Educational Ecosystems of the CS-DC UNESCO UniTwin

A MAN-MACHINE COMPLEX ENVIRONMENT -> http://webscience.org/
Personnalizing
Adapting the learning process
Cemal Nat, Muesser, Dastbaz, Mohammad and Bacon, Liz (2008)
Research and design challenges for developing personalised eLearning systems
. In: E-Learn 2008 Proceedings: World Conference on E-Learning in Corporate, Government, Healthcare, and Higher Education 2008. Ed/ITLib Digital Library, Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE), Chesapeake, VA, USA , pp. 2536-2542.
Challenges
Web Integration
From Content Oriented to Student Oriented (information vs process)
Joining technical and pedagogical support
Learning preferences / Learner Experience
GAMING
Palazzi, C.E., Roccetti, M. & Marfia, G., 2010. Realizing the unexploited potential of games on serious challenges. Computers in Entertainment, 8(4), pp.1–4. http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=1921141.1921143
Challenges
Gathering contributions of thousands of learners
Integrating smartphones possibilities (accelerometer, camera, microphone, GPS, ...)
Designing pervasive games -> Web 2.0 + web of objects

http://elearningtech.blogspot.fr/2012/11/elearning-conferences-2013.html
An amazing number of E-learning Conferences !
And a big number of journals on the subject

1st Challenge
Integrating existing research for designing Moocs !
What is a MOOC?
xMooc (rather top down)
cMooc (rather bottom up)
iMooc? Inquiry
https://www.edx.org/course-list/allschools/allsubjects/allcourses
Mcauley, A.A. et al., 2010. THE MOOC MODEL FOR DIGITAL PRACTICE. http://www.elearnspace.org/Articles/MOOC_Final.pdf.
The MOOC GUIDE
: https://sites.google.com/site/themoocguide/14-change11---defining-the-field
Jean-Marie Gilliot http://tipes.wordpress.com/
M
assively
O
pen
O
nline
C
ourses
Gilliot, J.-M. et al., 2013. Le concept de iMOOC pour une ouverture maitrisée. In EIAH 2013 Workshop. pp. 27–36.
ASSESSMENT
ENGAGEMENT
Sandeen, C., 2013. Assessment’s Place in the New MOOC World. Research and Practice in Assessment, 8(Summer), pp.5–12.
https://www.coursera.org/
Challenges
Semantics of Digital Badges
Automated Grading
Calibrated Peer Review
(Learning Analytics for Assessment & Adaptive learning)
Distance Proctoring
Engagement diagnosis & remediation
Mooc Completion Rates: the data
http://www.katyjordan.com/MOOCproject.html
http://fr.slideshare.net/sheilamac/lasiuk-learningscenarios-smn
Learning Analytics
Towards
"Interactive" Learning Analytics
http://prezi.com/dn3fgdcdcvfv/?utm_campaign=share&utm_medium=copy&rc=ex0share
learning
Challenges
Beyond the logs!
Observing and making sense of
interactions
Annotations
For assessment, dynamic adaptation of learning processes
Providing keys for a deeper learning behaviour
Managing Learner's ID / privacy
Integrating "mash up" web activities
Giving the learner the ability to add semantics to the data -> using semantics / learning analytics
Learning Activities
Kop, R., 2011. The challenges to connectivist learning on open online networks: Learning experiences during a massive open online course. The International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 12(3). Available at: http://nparc.cisti-icist.nrc-cnrc.gc.ca/npsi/ctrl?action=rtdoc&an=18150443
A list of 2000 tools: http://c4lpt.co.uk/directory-of-learning-performance-tools/
A very useful french web site: Thot http://cursus.edu/
Challenges
Self directed activities
Presence: cognitive, social, teacher presences
The learner as a co-designer
Deeper learning approach
"Open" APIs to mash up activities
Interactive, web oriented activities
The "COAT" project
Connaissances Ouvertes À Tous
(Open Knowlege For All)
CNRS action
April 2013 to December 2014
Alain Mille: national coordination
Part 1: animating the french research network (Vanda Luengo)
Part 2: a Mooc Pilot Operation in Lyon (Alain Mille, Nathalie Guin)
The Mooc Pilot Operation in Lyon
Design Oriented Research
Fallman, D., 2009. Why Research-oriented Design Isn ’ t Design-oriented Research. In Nordic Design Research. Available at: http://www.nordes.org/opj/index.php/n13/article/view/222
Integration in a MOOC's team
Designing the observation framework
Collecting modeled observed elements
Providing analysis tools
Developing generic "sensors" and "analyzers"
Focusing on one precise research question
Sharing with the community
DESIGN ORIENTED RESEARCH
Teachers
Designers
Developers
Researchers
+ Learners
Designing a Mooc
with some research
question
Running the Mooc
Observing, understanding
acting, adapting, ...
Practices, Resources
Research shelves
https://graasp.epfl.ch/#item=user_1412

http://www.zotero.org/groups/coat_cnrs
Thank you for your attention
LIRIS UMR CNRS 5205, SILEX Team
http://liris.cnrs.fr/equipes?id=44

Debriefing
Producing Knowledge
Teachers
Designers
Developers
Researchers
Learners
Full transcript