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Law Timeline Assignment

The History of Law

Dana Legacy

on 12 February 2013

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Transcript of Law Timeline Assignment

The History of Law The Code of Hammurabi 1792
BCE Mosaic Law Greek Law 1250
BCE 400
BCE Roman Law 450
BCE Justinian's Code 395
BCE Early British Law 500
CE 1792-1750 Hammurabi was the King of Babylon. During his reign he codified the rules & penalties for every aspect of Babylonian life. His laws came from god, therefore everyone respected them. "An Eye for an Eye" Justice
If you were of higher status, you could often shift your punishment to someone of lower status. Some laws included Restitution. These laws favored Men and Rich individuals. AKA Biblical Law or Hebrew Law Mosaic Laws were commonly called the Ten Commandments It is forbidden to commit murder, adultery, & theft & to worship other gods. These laws are more concerned with deliberate action than an accidental act of harm. They punished those who were guilty, instead of letting them shift the punishment. Thou Shall Not Kill The first form of democracy came from Greece. It was for all citizens, & excluded women children, aliens, and slaves.
Most important principle of Greek Democracy was citizen involvement. Citizens were involved with major political decisions, such as voting & jury duty.
Juries would vote on the sentencing of accused criminals. 1789-
1799 France & The Napoleonic Code The French Revolution saw Napoleon Bonaparte gain political control of the government of France. He commissioned a new law code called The Napoleonic Code, or the French Civil Code.
It was a non-technical style that was easily accessible to the public. The code regulated civil matters such as prosperity, wills, contracts, and family laws. Common Law 1500
CE As the number of disputes increased, the King thought to bring some fairness to the law. He authorized judges to travel the towns and hold court to resolve disputes. However, there was still no legal code prescribed. Judges used their own judgment. Overtime, judges began to record cases and decisions made. This led to a common method of dealing with legal issues. The Twelve Tablets had two basic principles:
1) Law must be recorded
2) Justice cannot be left in the hands of judges alone to interpret.
During the Roman Law, they even has modern day lawyers (Legal Advisers). These laws were made by 10 men and determined the law of England during the Roman occupation.
These laws included..
-Promotion of Public Prosecuted of Crimes
-Enacted a system of victim compensation
-Protected the lower class from the ruling After the Roman Empire split into the Byzantine Empire and the Western Empire, The Byzantine Emperor Justinian I had 10 men study and clarify Roman Law.
His final product was known as Justinian's Code, which inspired the modern concept of Justice and paved the way for modern day civil law! 1000
CE The Feudal System After the Roman Empire split, the people of Britain has their own Independence and began practice to law that followed local customs and traditions such as... Trial By Ordeal: When a lord sitting in judgement could decide on a verdict, they would order the accused to undergo torture and guilt or innocence to determined from the outcome. God was said to be ultimate judge.
Trial By Oath Helping: People who knew the accused has to swear an oath on the Bible that they were innocent. if they complied the accused was freed.
Trail by Combat: Two parties involved in a dispute engaged in a duel. Some even hied stronger people to complete for them. Modern day adversarial system is based on the same idea, both sides represented by a lawyers, in a battle arena. The king was the absolute ruler. He set up a system of land ownership hat were controlled by noblemen. These noblemen judged their land in their own way, some were fair, while others were unjust. By Dana Legacy
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