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Transcript of Leather
Erin, Ashley, Abbie,
Haley, & Jasmine
Leather in History
Wall paintings in Egyptian tombs indicate leather was used
Progress in processing leather
First tanning process: Assyrians (present-day Iraq) using animal fats
Ancient Greece: tanning formulas (tree barks & leaves soaked in water) for preservation
Various garments & especially shoes
Use of leather in Greece spread the idea to Rome
Processing technique improvements
Oil tanning &dyes
Furniture, tapestries, books, chests
Women made leather garments
2. Soaking & washing
a. Salt solution
b. Borax solution
4. Rinsing/hair removal
a. Tanning solution
How Leather is Made
Tanner: a person who is employed to tan animal hides
Buckskin: deer or sheep leather
Saddles, sheaths, boots, drinking tankards
Paleolithic Period Neanderthals
Used leather/animal skins for shelter & clothing
Clothing, gloves, tools, armor, decoration, sandals, buckets, bottles, burial shrouds
Top leather producing countries: China, Italy, India, Brazil, Korea, Russia, Argentina, Mexico, Turkey, USA
Trongo Textile in Florida
Leather First Arzignano Inc. in California
Moser Leather Co. in Ohio
Clude Attia in Florida
Malibu Leather Inc. in California
Top leather products:
Top Leather Companies
Top retail companies: Wilsons Leather, Tandy Leather Factory, Global Sources Leather
Top tanneries & contract processing: Kalle GMBH (Germany), Tannery AB (Sweden), & African Leather (South Africa)
Leather dealers & agents
Artificial leather companies
Brands that use real leather
Raising Cattle for Leather
How do I tell the difference between faux & real?
Animal Cruelty Rights
Unethical killing: alligators, kangaroos, snakes, lizards, cows
Leather Trends & Products
animal-friendly alternative to real leather & it can mean several different materials
If it's a garment, look at
the tag's fabric content
Smell it! Real leather has
a strong, distinct smell
Feel it! Faux leather may
have a plastic-like texture
Look closely! Real leather has irregular pores,
while faux leather's pores have a reapeating pattern
Look at the edge. Real leather has a
rough edge, while faux leather does not
Shoes, liquid containers, rafts, clothing
Ancient Rome: footwear, clothing, shields, harnesses, armor, saddles
Top 4: cows, sheep, pigs, goats
Horses, elephants, lambs, kangaroos, sharks, alligators, deer, buffalo, dogs, cats
soaking raw hides
creates large amount of waste water
very toxic for humans, the environment
Hexavalent Chromium in Cameron, MO: water, soil, farmland, fertilizer > brain tumors
Cows are main animal used for leather
Slaughter house & farms
10 steps: purchase herd, plan, feed/pasture mgmt, maintain health, deal with dead, market (when, where, how), other enterprises, keep records, keep up with finances, enjoy it!
Moccasins, mukluk, pouches/bags, sheaths
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Guangzhou, Dongguan, Nanhai, Jinjiang, and Xinji, Wenzhou (near Shanghai) and Haining