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Carlos Recordon

on 14 June 2013

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Transcript of Totalitarianism

Fascism: 1922-1943
Religion: Catholicism. Treaty of Letrán.
“Mussolini is always right"
Secret police: OVRA
“Il Duche”
Supported by landowners and businessmen.
Prohibited other political parties.
NO freedom of speech.
Supported Catholic church.
5-year plans.
From agriculture to industry.
People were sacrificed.
Collectivism for land... agriculture...
Siberia, concentration camps: GULAGS
Supported by landowners and Catholic clergy.
Political regime that exercises a strong intervention in national life, concentrating all state powers in a group or a political party that does not allow participation of other groups. (Real Academia Española: Totalitarismo)

The total state aimed to control not only the economic, political, and social aspects of life but the intellectual and cultural aspects as well. But that control also had a a purpose: the active involvement of the masses in the achievement of the regime´s goals, whether they be war, a socialist state, or a thousand-year Reich (...)

The modern totalitarian state was to be led by a single leader and a single party. It ruthlessly rejected the liberal idea of limited government power and constitutional guarantees of individual freedoms. Indeed, individual freedom was to be subordinated to the collective will of the masses, organized and determined for them by a leader.
(Spielvogel, 813)

Gulag: Traces and Testimonies 1929–1956

The exhibition presents relics of and testimonies to the Soviet camp system collected by the “Memorial” human rights organization all over the former Soviet Union from the 1980s to the present. The exhibition project seeks answers to the following question:

How can the Gulag – a penal camp system already described by its contemporaries as the “quintessence” of Soviet tyranny – be described, how can it be comprehended in all of its dimensions?

Voices of people who experienced it first-hand and biographies of former inmates accompany visitors on their exploration of this remote archipelago and create a panorama of the Soviet camp system.

Objects from the “Memorial” holdings – for example a makeshift bread pouch, a tattered dress or a metal grave tag – make the everyday lives of the camp inmates tangible.

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