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Transcript of Nathaniel Hawthorne
Long, vivid descriptions
Emphasis on internal conflicts
Reveals human nature
Setting Puritan New England
Dealing with the supernatural Hawthorne's Style Writings Most Famous Romances: Fanshawe (1828)
The Scarlet Letter (1850)
The House of Seven Gables (1851)
Blithedale Romance (1852)
The Marble Faun (1660) Hawthorne's Early life Born July 4, 1804 in Massachusetts Father was sea captain and died 1808 Mother- Elizabeth was widow with 3 children Moved to Maine to live with other family after father died At 9 years old he broke his foot and leg and missed a year of school
While out of school his love of books emerged How did Hawthorne discover books? Spent most of his childhood in Maine and living with his mother reading and writing Nathaniel married Sophia Peabody in 1839 Wife and Children In 1844 they had their 1st child named Una
In 1846 their 2nd child was born named Julian
In 1852 their 3rd child Rose was born “I do not want to be a doctor and live by men's diseases, nor a minister to live by their sins, nor a lawyer and live by their quarrels. So, I don't see that there is anything left for me but to be and author."
Basically, Hawthorne didn’t want to go to college at all, not even for writing, but went anyway because of his mother wanted him to.
His uncle, Robert Manning, helped to finance his college education at Bowdoin College. Why Hawthorne Started Writing First he was fired at his job from the Custom House, then shortly after that his mother had died, so he was grieving and full of raw emotion.
Hawthorne had always desired to write a great American novel.
The Scarlet Letter was one of the first mass-produced books in the United States upon its release in 1850 and it gathered much praise and criticism for the novels supposed morbidity.
Upon its release, the novel became an instant hit, as it dealt with community, passion, wild emotion, and rule-breaking Hawthorne and The Scarlet Letter Hawthorne wrote the scarlet letter for many reasons.
To show corruption in Puritan society
The book uses symbolism to represent major themes in the book such as sin, death, and punishment. (ex. The prison door, the cemetery, the scaffold)
To show the hypocrisy in society
Ex. The Puritan society itself
To show sexism in his time
Ex. Hester Prynne gets treated as a criminal for committing adultery, Hester gets an “A” pinned on her chest while Dimmesdale only gets the punishment of his guilt. Why Hawthorne Wrote The Scarlet Letter Nathaniel added the "W" to his last name himself Interesting Facts He attended Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine
Graduated in 1825. Nathaniel and Sophia were followers of the Transcendentalist Movement Became an inspector at the Boston Custom House in 1846 because he wasn't making enough money Interesting Facts When he presented his manuscript for The Scarlet Letter to the publisher, they deemed it too short for publication. At the time, Hawthorne was working at the Boston Customs House. He hated it there. He decided to write the story of the Customs House and connect it to The Scarlet Letter by having the character ordered to clean out the attic (as apparently he was) and locate a diary. That diary became the story of The Scarlet Letter. It was an ingenious way to "stretch" a very good but very short book. Nathaniel Hawthorne's great grandfather was the judge that presided over the Salem Witch Trials. His name was John Hathorne, and Nathaniel added the "w" to his name, to distance himself from his ancestor. In the summer of 1850 Hawthorne stayed in Berkshire County, Massachusetts. Berkshire was then home to a number of prominent literary figures such as:
Fanny Kemble(Journal of a Residence on a Georgian Plantation),
Oliver Wendell Holmes("Breakfast Table series")
James Russell Lowell(Biglow Papers)
Herman Meville. Herman Melville shared a great friendship with Hawthorne during the 1850's in the Berkshires, when Melville was writing Moby Dick, which he dedicates to Hawthorne. Hawthorne was known to be somewhat reclusive and very shy. Actually, Clark Davis wrote a book called, "Hawthorne's Shyness", which he directly and convincingly reexamines much of the most important current scholarship on Hawthorne. After he met President Abraham Lincoln in Washington D.C.and toured battlefields he wrote his essay Chiefly About War Matters Hawthorne went to college with President Franklin Pierce and wrote a biography of Pierce for his campaign in 1852. After a separation lasting 142 years, Nathaniel and Sophia Hawthorne were reunited when Sophia and their daughter Una were reinterred in Sleepy Hollow Cemetery on June 26, 2006 http://www.egs.edu/library/nathaniel-hawthorne/biography/
Nathaniel Hawthorne Biography - life, family, childhood, children, name, history, wife, mother, son http://www.notablebiographies.com/Gi-He/Hawthorne-
Source: Marx, Leo. Foreword. The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne. Signet Classics, 1980 Sources Short Stories: "Roger Malvin's Burial (1832)
"The Maypole of Merry Mount" (1837)
"Rappacini's Daughter" (1844)
"Feathertop" (1852) Collections: Twice Told Tales (1837)
Mosses from an Old Manse (1846)
Tanglewood Tales (1853) Died May 19, 1864 Hawthorne's Death He died from gastrointestinal cancer He was on vacation with President Pierce in Plymouth, New Hampshire http://www.articlemyriad.com/nathaniel-hawthorne-overview-author-analysis/ Miriam McNeill